Excellence in Research and Innovation for Humanity

International Science Index


Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
10006090
Household Food Insecurity and Associated Coping Strategies in Urban, Peri-Urban and Rural Settings: A Case of Morogoro and Iringa Towns, Tanzania
Abstract:
Food insecurity is a worrying challenge worldwide with sub-Saharan Africa including Tanzania being the most affected. Although factors that influence household food access security status and ways of coping with such factors have been examined, little has been reported on how these coping strategies vary along the urban-rural continuum especially in medium-sized towns. The purpose of this study was to identify food insecurity coping strategies employed by households and assess whether they are similar along the urban-rural continuum. The study was cross-sectional in design whereby a random sample of 279 households was interviewed using structured questionnaire. Data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 20 software. It was revealed that the proportion of households relying on less preferred and quality foods, eating fewer meals per day, undertaking work for food or money, performing farm and off-farm activities, and selling fall back assets was higher in rural settings compared to urban and peri-urban areas. Similarly, more households in urban and peri-urban areas cope with food access insecurity by having strict food budgets compared to those in rural households (p ≤ 0.001). The study concludes that food insecurity coping strategies vary significantly from one spatial entity to another. It is thereby recommended that poor, particularly rural households should be supported to diversify their income-generating activities not only for food security purposes during times of food shortage but also as businesses aimed at increasing their household incomes.
Digital Article Identifier (DAI):

References:

[1] UN, Nutrition-relevant actions - Nutrition policy discussion No 10, no. 10. Suffolk: United Nations, 1991.
[2] A. A. Misselhorn, “What drives food insecurity in southern Africa? a meta-analysis of household economy studies,” Glob. Environ. Chang., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 33–43, 2005.
[3] S. Hendriks, “The Challenges facing empirical estimation of household food (in)security in South Africa.,” Dev. South. Afr., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 103 – 123, 2005.
[4] M. Aliber and T. G. Hart, “Should subsistence agriculture be supported as a strategy to address rural food insecurity?,” Agrekon, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 434–458, 2009.
[5] I. Matshe, “Boosting smallholder production for food security: Some approaches and evidence from studies in sub-Saharan Africa,” Agrekon, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 483–511, 2009.
[6] M. Altman, T. B. G. Hart, and P. T. Jacobs, “Household Food Security Status in South Africa,” Agrekon, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 345–361, 2010.
[7] J. Crush, A. Hovorka, and D. Tevera, “Food security in Southern African cities: The place of urban agriculture,” Prog. Dev. Stud., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 285–305, 2011.
[8] A. Zezza and L. Tasciotti, “Urban agriculture, poverty, and food security: Empirical evidence from a sample of developing countries,” Food Policy, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 265–273, 2010.
[9] G. Tawodzera, L. Zanamwe, and J. Crush, The State of Food Insecurity in Harare, Zimbabwe. Capetown: African Food Security Urban Network (AFSUN), 2002.
[10] UN-Habitat, African cities 2014. Nairobi, Kenya: UN-HABITAT, 2014.
[11] K. L. Radimer, C. M. Olson, J. C. Greene, C. C. Campbell, and J. P. Habicht, “Understanding hunger and developing indicators to assess it in women and children.,” J. Nutr. Educ., vol. 24, no. 1, p. 36s, 1992.
[12] E. T. Liwenga, “Food Insecurity and Coping Strategies in Semiarid Areas: The Case of Mvumi Central Tanzania,” Stockholm University, 2003.
[13] M. Verpoorten, “Household coping in war and peacetime: Cattle sales in Rwanda, 1991–2001.,” J. Dev. Econ., vol. 88, pp. 67–86, 2009.
[14] M. S. Floro and B. R. Swain, “Food Security, Gender, and Occupational Choice among Urban Low - Income Households,” World Dev., vol. 42, pp. 89–99, 2013.
[15] V. Kuuire, P. Mkandawire, G. Arku, and I. Luginaah, “‘Abandoning’ farms in search of food: food remittance and household food security in Ghana,” African Geogr. Rev., vol. 32, pp. 125–39, 2013.
[16] M. O. Agada and E. M. Igbokwe, “Food Security and Coping Strategies among Ethnic Groups in North Central Nigeria,” vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 31–45, 2014.
[17] D. D. Amendah, S. Buigut, and S. Mohamed, “Coping strategies among urban poor: Evidence from Nairobi, Kenya,” PLoS One, vol. 9, no. 1, p. 83428, 2014.
[18] T. Gebrehiwot and A. van der Veen, “Coping with food insecurity on a micro-scale: Evidence from Ethiopian rural households,” Ecol. Food Nutr., vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 214–240, 2014.
[19] T. Chagomoka, S. Unger, A. Drescher, R. Glaser, B. Marschner, and J. Schlesinger, “Food coping strategies in northern Ghana. A socio-spatial analysis along the urban–rural continuum,” Agric. Food Secur., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 1–18, 2016.
[20] S. H. Eriksen, K. Brown, and P. M. Kelly, “The dynamics of vulnerability: Locating coping strategies in Kenya and Tanzania,” Geogr. J., vol. 171, no. 4, pp. 287–305, 2005.
[21] URT, Comprehensive Food Security and Nutrition Assessment Report of the April, 2012 Main (Masika) Season. Dar es Salaam: Ministry of Agriculture Food Security and Co-operatives, 2012.
[22] C. Hadley, M. B. Mulder, and E. Fitzherbert, “Seasonal food insecurity and perceived social support in rural Tanzania,” Public Health Nutr., vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 544–551, 2007.
[23] G. H. Leyna, E. J. Mmbaga, K. S. Mnyika, and K.-I. Klepp, “Validation of the Radimer/Cornell food insecurity measure in rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania.,” Public Health Nutr., vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 684–9, 2008.
[24] D. Knueppel, M. Demment, and L. Kaiser, “Validation of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale in rural Tanzania.,” Public Health Nutr., vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 360–367, 2009.
[25] I. A. Semali, T. Edwin, and L. E. G. Mboera, “Food insecurity and coping strategies among people living with HIV in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania,” Tanzan. J. Health Res., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 1–13, 2011.
[26] D. Maxwell, R. Caldwell, and M. Langworth, “Measuring food insecurity: Can an indicator based on localized coping behaviours be used to compare across contexts?,” Food Policy, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 533–540, 2008.
[27] NBS, The 2002 Population and Housing Census: Basic Demographic and Socio -Economic Profile. Dar es Salaam: National Bureau of Statistics, 2014.
[28] J. Schlesinger, “Agriculture along the Urban-Rural Continuum A GIS-based analysis of spatio-temporal dynamics in two medium-sized African cities Johannes Schlesinger,” Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, 2013.
[29] U. Tumaini and J. Msuya, “Household Food Access Insecurity along the Urban-Rural Continuum in Morogoro and Iringa, Tanzania,” Dev. Ctry. Stud., vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 14–21, 2016.
[30] L. J. Garrett and M. T. Ruel, “Are determinants of rural and urban food security and nutrition status different? Some insights from Mozambique,” World Dev., vol. 27, no. 11, p. 1999, 1990.
[31] B. Fekadu and Muche Mequanent, “Determinants of food security among rural households of Central Ethiopia: An empirical analysis,” Q. J. Int. Agric., vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 299–318, 2010.
[32] N. Regassa, “Small holder farmers coping strategies to household food insecurity and hunger in Southern Ethiopia,” Ethiop. J. Environ. Stud. Manag., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 39–48, 2011.
[33] P. Gupta, K. Singh, V. Seth, S. Agarwal, and P. Mathur, “Coping strategies adopted by households to prevent food insecurity in urban slums of New Delhi, India,” J. Food Secur., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 6–10, 2015.
[34] V. I. Kraak, D. L. Pelletier, E. A. J. Frongillo, and S. Rajabiun, The Potential Role of Food Aid for AIDS Mitigation in East Africa: Stakeholder Views. Washington, D.C.: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA) Project, Academy for Educational Development, 1999.
[35] P. Hotzmann, J. Holt, M. Lawrence, and M. O’Donnell, The Household Economy Approach: A Guide for Programme Planners and Policy-makers. London: Save the Children, 2008.
[36] A. Khatri-Chhetri and K. L. Maharjan, “Food insecurity and coping strategies in rural areas of Nepal. A case study of Dailekh District in Mid-Western Development Region,” J. Int. Dev. Coop., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 25–45, 2006.
[37] W. H. Oldewage-Theron, E. G. Dicks, and C. E. Napier, “Poverty, household food insecurity and nutrition: Coping strategies in an informal settlement in the Vaal Triangles, South Africa.,” Public Health, vol. 120, no. 9, pp. 795–804, 2006.
[38] L. Richard, “Household food strategies in response to seasonality and famine,” IDS Bull., vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 27–35, 2009.
[39] D. R. Ghimire, “Household Food Security and Coping Strategies: Vulnerabilities and Capacities in Rural Communities,” vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 1–8, 2014.
[40] S. Afrane, “Microfinance Interventions in Ghana and South Africa: A Synthesis of Major Impacts and Lessons,” J. Microfinance/ESR Rev., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 37–58, 2002.
[41] S. K. Dary and H. Issahaku, “Exploring Innovations in Microfinance Institutions in Northern Ghana,” Bus. Econ. Res., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 442–460, 2013.

Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007