The article deals with the problems of labour migration in the Russian Federation in the context of Russia's national security, provides the typology of migrants residing in the territory of the Russian Federation and analyzes the risk factors. The author considers the structure of migration flows and the terms of legal, economic and socio-cultural adaptation of migrants in the Russian Federation. In this connection, the status of the Russian migration legislation, the concept of the comprehensive exam in Russian as a foreign language, history of Russia and the basics of the Russian Federation legislation for foreign citizens which was introduced in Russia on January 1, 2015, are analyzed. The article discloses its role as the adaptation strategy and the factor of Russia's migration security.
 Banulescu-Bogdan N. Shaping Citizenship Policies to Strengthen Immigration Integration. August 2, 2012, http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/shaping-citizenship-policies-strengthen-immigrant-integration (2016)
 Borodin S.S., Gromyko S.S., Loit H.H. The migration policy of Russia and foreign countries, St. Petersburg, SUAE, 2011.
 Dancygier R.M. Immigration and conflict in Europe, NY, Cambridge University Press, 2010.
 Dmitriev A.V. Conflictogenity of migration // Global aspect // Sociological studies (10) (2004), р. 47.
 Dolzhikova А.V., Kiseleva E.V: Integration Examination for Migrants in Russia: Legal Regulation and Methodical Provision, Аnnales - Аnali za istrske in mediteranske studije-Series historia et sociologia. 25, 2015, Slovenia, р. 369-376.
 Federal Law of December 30, 2015 № 465-FZ "On Amendments to Article 15.1 of the Federal Law" On the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation http://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/ 71196032(2016)
 For information on the migration situation in Russia for 12 months of 2015, http://www.fms.gov.ru/about/activity/stats/Statistics/ Statisticheskie_svedenija_po_migracionno/item/54483/(2016)
 In Russia, still reduced the number of labor migrants from Central Asia, http://migrant.ferghana.ru/newslaw (2016)
 International migration and development. Report of the UN Secretary-General A / 60/871 of 18 May 2006. Table 10, p.56.
 Kiselyova E.V. International legal regulation of migration: study guide. 2nd ed., revised and enlarged, Moscow, People's Friendship University of Russia, 2015, p. 24.
 Kozmenko V.M. Kompleksny exam for foreign citizens in the Russian language, Russian history and basics of Russian legislation as an important factor of socio-cultural adaptation, Bulletin of Peoples' Friendship University. Series "History of Russia" (3) (2014) 140-148.
 Kvachyov V. Problem of migration in the post-Soviet space// Eurasia. DE FACTO (1)(001) (2014) 50-53.
 Modelling of migration flows from Central Asia to Russia: economic and sociological research / SV Ryazantsev, Horie Norio; Institute of Social and Political Studies, Centre of Social Demography and Economic Sociology, Moscow, Sci. World, 2011.
 Mukomel V.I. Migrantophobia and ethnophobia in modern Russia, Moscow, 2002.
 On Amending the Federal Law 'On the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation": The Federal Law of the Russian Federation dated April 20, 2014 № 74-FZ, www.rg.ru/2014/04/23/inostrantsy-dok.html (2016).
 Presidential Decree "On ensuring interethnic accord" of May 7, 2012 № 602, Moscow, the Russian newspaper. May 9, 2012.
 Tkachev N.A. Migration security as a factor preventing social conflicts, http://rudocs.exdat.com/docs/index-26339.html?page=15(2015)
 Voloh V.A. New Russia: Policy and Management of Migration protsessami, Moscow, Publishing house "Bahr-M", 2015.
 Voronin N.A. Migration Legislation Russia: state, problems and prospects, Moscow, Sputnik +, 2010.
 World Migration Report 2014: The Future of Migration: Building Сapacities for Change, IOM, 2014.