Excellence in Research and Innovation for Humanity

International Science Index


Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
10008423
Multi-Criteria Selection and Improvement of Effective Design for Generating Power from Sea Waves
Abstract:
Sustainable development is the nominal goal of most countries at present. In general, fossil fuels are the development mainstay of most world countries. Regrettably, the fossil fuel consumption rate is very high, and the world is facing the problem of conventional fuels depletion soon. In addition, there are many problems of environmental pollution resulting from the emission of harmful gases and vapors during fuel burning. Thus, clean, renewable energy became the main concern of most countries for filling the gap between available energy resources and their growing needs. There are many renewable energy sources such as wind, solar and wave energy. Energy can be obtained from the motion of sea waves almost all the time. However, power generation from solar or wind energy is highly restricted to sunny periods or the availability of suitable wind speeds. Moreover, energy produced from sea wave motion is one of the cheapest types of clean energy. In addition, renewable energy usage of sea waves guarantees safe environmental conditions. Cheap electricity can be generated from wave energy using different systems such as oscillating bodies' system, pendulum gate system, ocean wave dragon system and oscillating water column device. In this paper, a multi-criteria model has been developed using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to support the decision of selecting the most effective system for generating power from sea waves. This paper provides a widespread overview of the different design alternatives for sea wave energy converter systems. The considered design alternatives have been evaluated using the developed AHP model. The multi-criteria assessment reveals that the off-shore Oscillating Water Column (OWC) system is the most appropriate system for generating power from sea waves. The OWC system consists of a suitable hollow chamber at the shore which is completely closed except at its base which has an open area for gathering moving sea waves. Sea wave's motion pushes the air up and down passing through a suitable well turbine for generating power. Improving the power generation capability of the OWC system is one of the main objectives of this research. After investigating the effect of some design modifications, it has been concluded that selecting the appropriate settings of some effective design parameters such as the number of layers of Wells turbine fans and the intermediate distance between the fans can result in significant improvements. Moreover, simple dynamic analysis of the Wells turbine is introduced. Furthermore, this paper strives for comparing the theoretical and experimental results of the built experimental prototype.
Digital Article Identifier (DAI):

References:

[1] E. Michaelides, Green Energy and Technology, Alternative Energy Sources, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, Deutschland, 2012, pp.33-63. (online). Available: www.worldenergy.org. (Accessed: 16- Jun.- 2017).
[2] B. Drew, A. Plummer and M. Sahinkaya, “A review of wave energy converter technology”, Journal of Power and Energy, Proc. IMechE, vol. 223 Part A:JPE782, pp. 887-902, 2009.
[3] S. Quershi, S. Danish and M. Khalid, “A new method for extracting ocean wave energy utilizing the wave shoaling phenomenon”, International Journal of Scholarly and Scientific Research & Innovation, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 667-673, 2010.
[4] W. Council, World Energy Council, Energy Resources-2016, UK, pp.3-6. (online). Available: www.worldenergy.org. (Accessed: 05- Sept.- 2017).
[5] A. Musalam, “Design simulation station to produce electricity and water desalination to solve the problem of shortage of energy and drinking water in the gaza strip”, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, vol. 4, no.1, pp. 191–197, 2014.
[6] I. Abo-Elnga, New & Renewable Energy Authority in Egypt (NREA), Annual Report, Egypt, 2013, pp.12-13. (online). Available: www.nrea.gov.eg/annual%20report/Annual_Report_2012_2013_eng.pdf (Accessed: 10- Aug.- 2017).
[7] K. Misra, Handbook of Performability Engineering, Springer Science & Business Media, London, UK, 2008, pp.1179-1180. (online). Available: https://books.google.com.eg/books?id=cPgXg3GIMAsC&pg=PA1179&dq=%22#v=onepage&q&f=false, (Accessed: 12- Jun.- 2017).
[8] L. Rodrigues, “Wave power conversion systems for electrical energy production”, in Journal of RE&PQJ, vol. 1, no. 6, p. 601-607, 2008.
[9] K. Khader, “Power Generation from Sea Waves Using Experimental Prototype of Wells Turbine or Suggested Special Rotating Mechanism”, International Journal of Mining, Metallurgy & Mechanical Engineering (IJMMME), vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 161-166, 2015.
[10] J. Falnes, “A review of wave-energy extraction”, Journal of Marine Structures, vol. 20, pp. 185-201, 2007.
[11] C. Cargo, A. Plummer, A. Hillis and M. Schlotter, “Determination of optimal parameters for a hydraulic power take-off unit of a wave energy converter in regular waves”, Journal of Power and Energy, Proc. IMechE, vol. 2263 Part A, pp. 98-111, 2011.
[12] R. Yeung, A. Peiffer, N. Tom and T. Matlak, “Design, analysis and evaluation of the uc-berkeley wave-energy extractor”, in the 29th ASME International Conference on Oceans Offshore and arctic Engineering OMAE210, Shanghai, China, June 2010, p. 1-11.
[13] L. Rodrigues, “Devices for sea wave power extraction to electrical energy conversion”, International Journal of Engineering and Industrial Management, vol. 3, pp. 193-210, 2010.
[14] A. Muetze and J. Vining, “Ocean wave energy conversion - a survey”, in the Conference of Industry Application IEEE, Tampa, Florida, October 2006, pp.1410-1417.
[15] A. Falcao and J. Henriques, “Oscillating-Water-Column Wave Energy Converters and Air Turbines: A review”, International Journal of Renewable Energy, vol. 3, pp. 1-34, 2015.
[16] J. Henriques, J. Portillo, L. Gato, R. Gomes, D. Ferreira and A. Falclao, “Design of Oscillating-Water-Column Wave Energy Converters with an Application to Self-Powered Sensor Buoys”, International Journal of Energy, vol. 112, pp. 852-867, 2016.
[17] A. Elhanafi, A. Fleming, G. Macfarlane, and Z. Leong, “Numerical Hydrodynamic Analysis of an Offshore Stationary-Floating Oscillating Water Column-Wave Energy Converter Using CFD”, International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, vol. 9, pp. 77-99, 2017.
[18] I. López, B. Pereiras, F. Castro and G. Lglesias, “Performance of OWC Wave Energy Converters: Influence of Turbine Damping and Tidal Variability”, International Journal of Energy Research, vol. 39, pp. 472-483, 2015.
[19] S. Okamoto, T. Kanemoto, H. Bin and T. Umekage, “Flow around wells type runner installed in floating type unique ocean wave power station”, Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, vol. 8, pp. 1974-1981, 2014.
[20] H. Polinder and M. Scuotto, “Wave energy converters and their impact on power systems”, in International Conference of Future Power Systems, Amsterdam, Netherlands, November 2005, p. 1-9.
[21] M. French, “On the difficulty of inventing an economical sea wave energy converter: a personal view”, Proceedings of the institution of mechanical engineers, part M, Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environmental, vol. 220, no. 3, pp. 149-155, 2006.
[22] A. Kumar, B. Sah, R. Singh, Y. Deng, X. He, P. Kumar and R. Bansal, “A review of multi criteria decision making (MCDM) towards sustainable renewable energy development”, Journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 69, pp. 596-609, 2017.
[23] S. Pohekar and M. Ramachandran, “Application of multi-criteria decision making to sustainable energy planning—a review”, Journal of Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 365-381, 2004.
[24] J. Wang, Y. Jing, F. Zhang, and H. Zhao, “Review on multi-criteria decision analysis aid in sustainable energy decision-making.”, Journal of Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 2263-2278, 2009.
[25] T. Saaty, “Decision making with the analytic hierarchy process”, International Journal of services sciences, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 83-98, 2008.
[26] D. Gravin, “Competing on the eight dimensions of quality”, Harvard Business Review, vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 101-109, 1987.
[27] Super Decisions Software v2.8, by Creative Decisions Foundation, Retrieved from, https://www.superdecisions.com/. (Accessed: 04- Sept.- 2017).
[28] T. Saaty, Decision Making for Leaders: The Analytic Hierarchy Process for Decisions in a Complex World, Third Revised Edition. Pittsburgh: RWS Publications, 2012.
[29] L. Holthuijsen, Waves in Oceanic and Coastal Waters, Cambridge University, UK, 2010, pp.119.
[30] K. Freeman, Numerical Modelling and Control of an Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converter, Ph.D. Thesis, Plymouth University, Plymouth UK, March 2014, pp.14.
[31] L. Yeung, P. Hodgson and R. Bradbeer, Report in: Generating Electricity Using Ocean Waves, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, 2007, pp.3-4. (online). Available: www.ee.cityu.edu.hk/~rtbrad/wave%20gen.pdf, (Accessed: 25- Jun.- 2017).
[32] T. Thorpe, An Overview of Wave Energy Technologies: Status, Performance and Costs, Wave Power: Moving towards Commercial Viability, Broadway House, Westminster, London, UK, 1999, pp.1-16.
[33] M. Takao and T. Setoguchi, “Review article: air turbines for wave energy conversion”, International Journal of Rotating Machinery, Hindawi Publishing, vol.1, pp. 1-10, 2012.
[34] A. Garrido, M. Alberdi, I. Garrido and M. Amundarain, “Control of Oscillating Water Column (OWC) Wave Energy Plants”, Journal of Aout. XXXV Automatic, CEA-IFAC Valencia, vol. Sept., pp. 1-7, 2014.
[35] A. Darabi and P. Proiavali, “Guide of Vanes Effect of wells Turbine on OWC Wave Power Plant Operation”, in Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering WCE, London, U.K, vol. I, June 2007, p. 1-5.
[36] Z. Carija, K. Kranjsivic, V. Banic and M. Cavarak, “Numerical Analysis of Wells Turbine for Wave Power Conversion”, Journal of Engineering Review, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 141-146, 2012.
[37] S. Raghunathan and C. Tan, “Performance of the Wells turbine at starting”, Journal of Energy, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 430-431, 1982.
[38] K. Takasaki, M. Takao and T. Setoguchi, “Effect of Blade Shape on the Performance of Wells Turbine for Wave Energy Conversion”, International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial, Mechatronic and Manufacturing Engineering, vol.8, no. 12, pp. 2073-2076, 2014.
[39] M. Lalanne and G. Ferraris, Handbook of Rotodynamics Prediction in Engineering, Wiley, London, UK, 1997, pp.95-187.
[40] O. Yaakob1, Y. Ahmed, M. Mazlan, K. Jaafar and R. Muda, “Model Testing of an Ocean Wave Energy System for Malaysian Sea”, World Applied Sciences Journal, vol. 22, no.5, pp. 667-671, 2013.
[41] A. Falcao and A. Henriques, “Model-Prototype Similarity of Oscillating-Water-Column Wave Energy Converters”, International Journal of Marine Energy, vol.6, pp. 18-34, 2014.
[42] T. Kelly, T. Dooley, J. Campbell and J. Ringwood, “Comparison of the Experimental and Numerical Results of Modeling a 32-OscillatingWater Column (OWC), V-Shaped Floating Wave Energy Converter”, Journal of Energies, vol. 6, pp. 4045-4077, 2013.
[43] Y. Kuo, C. Lin, C. Chung and Yu-Kai Wang, “Wave Loading Distribution of Oscillating Water Column Caisson Breakwaters Under Non-Breaking Wave Forces”, International Journal of Marine Science and Technology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 78-87, 2015
[44] I. Crema, I. Simonetti, L. Cappietti, H. Oumeraci, “Laboratory Experiments on Oscillating Water Column Wave Energy Converters Integrated in a Very Large Floating Structure”, in the 11th International Conference of European Wave and Tidal Energy EWTEC2015, Mantes, France, September 2015, p. 1-7.
[45] E. Lijin and S. Ashok, “Design of vertical axis wind turbine for low wind speed application in highway”, International Journal of Power Systems & Microelectronics, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 11-20, 2016.
Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007