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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29381

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Need of National Space Legislation for Space Faring Nations
The need for national space legislation is pivotal, particularly in light of the fact that in recent years space activities have grown immensely both in volume and diversity. Countries are progressively developing capabilities in space exploration and scientific discoveries, market their capabilities to manufacture satellites, provide launch services from their facilities and are looking to privatize and commercialize their space resources. Today, nations are also seeking to comprehend the technological and financial potential of the private sector and are considering to share their financial burdens with them and to limit their exposures to risks, but they are lagging behind in legal framework in this regard. In the perspective of these emerging developments, it is therefore, felt that national space legislation should be enacted with the goal of building and implementing a vibrant and transparent legal framework at the national level to hasten investments and to ensure growth in this capital intensive - highly yield strategic sector. This study looks at (I) the international legal framework that governs space activities; (II) motivation behind making national space laws; and (III) the need for national space legislation. The paper concludes with some recommendations with regards to the conceivable future direction for national space legislation, in particular space empowered sub-areas for countries.
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[1] China’s Lunar Probe Chang’e-1 Impacts Moon, China National Space Administration Mar. 5, 2009 (cited 2017 10 March 2017).
[2] Madders, K. J., Commercial utilization of outer space: Law and practice: by H L Traa-Engelman Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht, 1993, 442 pp, £100, 0-7923-1892-7. Space Policy, 1994. 10(4): p. 340-341.
[3] Foundation, S., Space Foundation Report 2015. June 22, 2016.
[4] Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. 2017 (cited 2017 1); Available from:
[5] UNCOPUOS: United Nation: Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, 27 January 1967, (entered into force on 10 October 1967). 1967.
[6] UNCOPUOS: Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space, 22 April 1968, (entered into force on 3 December 1968). 1968.
[7] UNCOPUOS: Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects, 29 March 1972, 961 (entered into force 1 September 1972). 1972.
[8] UNCOPUOS: Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space, 14 January 1975, (entered into force on 15 September 1976). 1975.
[9] UNCOPUOS: Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, 18 December1979, 1986, (entered into force on 11 July 1984).
[10] Robert. Wickramatunga, See A/AC.105/1113 - Report of the Legal Subcommittee on its fifty-fifth session, held in Vienna from 5 to 15 April 2016. 2017.
[11] Quinn, A. G., The Outer Space Treaty and the Weaponization of Space. Minnesota Journal of International Law, 2008. 17(2): p. 475.
[12] Robert. Wickramatunga, Status of International Agreements relating to Activities in Outer Space. 2017.
[13] United Nation: See Eighteenth Session, Agenda Item 28 a1962 (XVIII). Declaration of Legal Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space (December 13, 1963). 1963.
[14] United Nations: A/RES/37/92Principles governing the use by states of artificial earth satellites for international direct television broadcasting. 1982.
[15] United Nations: A/RES/41/65P, principles relating to remote sensing of the earth from space. 1986.
[16] United Nations: Principles Relevant to the Use of Nuclear Power Sources in Outer Space. 1992.
[17] United Nations: A/RES/51/122, Declaration on International Cooperation in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space. 1996.
[18] Justice, I. C.o., See Article 38, Statute of the Court | International Court of Justice. 2017.
[19] Space Law Treaties and Principles: Treaty on principles governing the activities of States in the exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, see Article VI of the treaty Source: Accessed on 28-04-2017.
[20] Space Law Treaties and Principles: Treaty on principles governing the activities of States in the exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, see Article VII of the treaty Source: Accessed on 28-04-2017.
[21] Kaul, R., Does India need National Space Laws? , in 3rd Regional Space Conference on Bringing Space Benefits to the Asia-Pacific Region. 2005: Bangalore.
[22] United Nations: Outer Space Treaty, Article V, ‘ objects or component parts found beyond the limits of the state party of the treaty on whose registry they carried shall be returned to that state party, which shall, upon request, furnish identifying data prior to their return.”.
[23] The 1968 Vienna Convention on the Law of the treaties article 26: “Every treaty in force is binding upon the parties to it and must be performed by them in good faith”. Source: .Accessed on 02-05-2017.
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