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10006818
New Vision of 'Social Europe': Renationalising the Integration Process in the Internal Market of the European Union
Abstract:
The article deals with one of the most significant issues concerning the functioning of the internal market of the European Union – the free movement of workers and free movement of persons. The purpose is to identify the political and legal effects of the “renationalisation process” on the EU and its Member States. The concept of renationalisation is expressed through Member States’ aim to verify the relationship with the EU. The tendency is more visible in the public opinion of several MS’s of the ‘EU core’ and may be confirmed by the changes applied by the regulatory body. The thesis for the article is the return of renationalisation tendencies in the area of the Single Market, which is supported by, among others, an open criticism of the foundations of EU integration or considerations on withdrawal from the EU by some MS. This analysis will focus primarily on the effects that renationalisation may have on the free movement of persons. The free movement of persons is one of the key issues for the development of the European integration. It is still subject to theoretical reflections, new doubts and practical issues. The latest developments in politics, law and jurisprudence demonstrate the need to reflect on the attempts to redefine certain principles regarding migrant EU workers and their protection against nationality-based discrimination.
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References:

[1] Directive 2004/38/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States amending Regulation (EEC) No 1612/68 and repealing Directives 64/221/EEC, 68/360/EEC, 72/194/EEC, 73/148/EEC, 75/34/EEC, 75/35/EEC, 90/364/EEC, 90/365/EEC and 93/96/EEC, OJ L 158, 30.4.2004, p. 77–123.
[2] E. Voss, M. Faioli, J-P. Lhernould, F. Iudicone, Posting of Workers Directive – current situation and challenges, European Parliament's Committee on Employment and Social Affairs 2016, http://www.europarl.europa.eu/studies , p. 62, Accessed on 19/01/2017.
[3] J. J. Vella, K. Briffa, A. Bruno Posting Of Workers: The New Proposal Of EU Commission For Revision Of EU Directive 96/71/EC, http://www.mondaq.com/x/558222/employee+rights+labour+relations/Posting+Of+Workers+The+New+Proposal+Of+EU+Commission+For+Revision+Of+EU+Directive+9671EC, p. 1, Accessed on 19/01/2017.
[4] Directive 96/71/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 1996 concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services, OJ L 18, 21.1.1997, p. 1–6.
[5] See Commission Staff Working Document Impact Assessment, Accompanying the document Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and the Council amending Directive 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services, SWD/2016/052 final - 2016/070 (COD)E.
[6] More - see K. E. Sørensen, 'The fight against letterbox companies in the internal market, Common Market Law Review 1/2015, p. 97-100.
[7] Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 96/71/EC of The European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 1996 concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services, COM/2016/0128 final - 2016/070 (COD).
[8] The limits of harmonization in social issues see: S. Weatherill, The Limits of Legislative Harmonization Ten Years after Tobacco Advertising: How the Court’s Case Law has become a “Drafting Guide” (in:) German Law Journal, 2011, Vol. 12, No. 3, p. 853-862.
[9] P. Kwasiborski, The good governance rule and balancing interests of employers and employees in the EU (in:) R. Grzeszczak (ed.), Challenges of good governance in the European Union, Baden-Baden 2016, pp. 173-199.
[10] F. Eyraud, C. Saget, The Fundamentals of Minimum Wage Fixing, International Labour Office 2005, p. 40 et seq.
[11] Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council and the European Economic and Social Committee - Free movement of EU citizens and their families: Five actions to make a difference, COM (2013) 837.
[12] M. Dougan, The Bubble that Burst: Exploring the Legitimacy of the Case Law on the Free Movement of Union Citizens in M. Adams, H. de Waele, J. Meeusen, G. Straetmans (eds), Judging Europe’s Judges: The Legitimacy of the Case Law of the European Court of Justice, Oxford 2013, p. 127-154.
[13] M. Gniadzik, The development of the concept of EU citizenship through incremental acceptance of citizens’ rights (in:) R. Grzeszczak (ed.), Challenges of good governance in the European Union, Baden-Baden 2016, p. 121.
[14] E. Guild, S. Peers, J. Tomkin, The EU Citizenship Directive: A Commentary, Oxford 2014, p. 109-244.
[15] Regulation (EC) No 883/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the coordination of social security systems, OJ L 166, 30.4.2004, p. 1–123.
[16] Judgment of the Court of 19 September 2013 in case C-140/12 Pensionsversicherungsanstalt v Peter Brey, ECLI:EU:C:2013:565
[17] Judgment of the Court of 11 November 2014 in case C-333/13 Elisabeta Dano and Florin Dano v Jobcenter Leipzig, ECLI:EU:C:2014:2358.
[18] D. Thym, The elusive limits of solidarity: Residence rights of and social benefits for economically inactive Union citizens, Common Market Law Review 1/2015, p. 17–50.
[19] Judgment of the Court of 15 September 2015 in case C-67/14 Jobcenter Berlin Neukölln v Nazifa Alimanovic and Others, ECLI:EU:C:2015:597.
[20] Judgment of the Court of 25 February 2016 in case C-299/14 Vestische Arbeit Jobcenter Kreis Recklinghausen v Jovanna García-Nieto and Others, ECLI:EU:C:2016:114.
[21] M. Gniadzik, p. 122.
[22] Opinion of Advocate General Wathelet delivered on 26 March 2015, ECLI:EU:C:2015:210.
[23] M. Gniadzik, pp. 118-123.
[24] “True is it that we have seen better days” Editorial Comments, Common Market Law Review vol 3 No 53, 2016, pp. 875–886.

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