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Optimization of Multicast Transmissions in NC-HMIPv6 Environment
Multicast transmissions allow an host (the source) to send only one flow bound for a group of hosts (the receivers). Any equipment eager to belong to the group may explicitly register itself to that group via its multicast router. This router will be given the responsibility to convey all information relating to the group to all registered hosts. However in an environment in which the final receiver or the source frequently moves, the multicast flows need particular treatment. This constitutes one of the multicast transmissions problems around which several proposals were made in the Mobile IPv6 case in general. In this article, we describe the problems involved in this IPv6 multicast mobility and the existing proposals for their resolution. Then architecture will be proposed aiming to satisfy and optimize these transmissions in the specific case of a mobile multicast receiver in NC-HMIPv6 environment.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):


[1] S. Bhattacharyya, "An Overview of Source-Specific Multicast (SSM)", RFC 3569, July 2003.
[2] O. Christ, T. C. Schmidt, and M. Waehlisch, "A Light-Weight Implementation Scheme of the Tree Morphing Protocol for Mobile Multicast Sources", Proc. of 33rd Euromicro Conf., IEEE/CS, Sept. 2007.
[3] G. Cizault, "IPv6: Théorie et pratique", 4ème Edition, 2006.
[4] S. Deering, W. Fenner and B. Haberman, "Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) for IPv6", RFC 2710, October 1999.
[5] B. Fenner, M. Handley, H. Holbrook, and I. Kouvelas, "Protocol Independent Multicast - Sparse Mode PIM-SM): Protocol Specification (Revised)", RFC 4601, August 2006.
[6] A. Garyfalos, and K. Almeroth, "A Flexible Overlay Architecture for Mobile IPv6 Multicast", IEEE Journ. on Selected Areas in Comm., 23 (11), pp. 2194-2205, November 2005.
[7] A. Garyfalos, K. Almeroth, and K. Sanzgiri, "Deployment Complexity Versus Performance Efficiency in Mobile Multicast",
[8] K. Guillouard, Y. Khouaja, P. Bertin, and J. M. Bonnin, "Gestion Hiérarchique de la Mobilité IPv6 Contr├┤lée par le réseau", http://wwwrp., 2002.
[9] M. Handley, I. Kouvelas, T. Speakman, and L. Vicisano, "Bi-directional Protocol Independent Multicast (BIDIR-PIM)", draft-ietf-pim-bidir- 09.txt, February 2007.
[10] H. Holbrook and B. Cain, "Source-Specific Multicast for IP", RFC 4607, August 2006.
[11] C. Jannetau, Y. Tian,, S. Csaba, "Comparison of Three Approaches Towards Mobile Multicast", www.comnets.rwth- publications/ist-summit-2003-IPMobile Multicast-paperv2.0.pdf.
[12] C. Jelger, "Multipoint et Mobilité: Optimsations pour IPv6", LSIITUMR 7005 - CNRS/ULP, Université Louis Pasteur, mai 2002.
[13] C. Jelger, T. Noel, "Multicast for Mobile Hosts in IP Networks: Progress and Challenges", IEEE Wireless Comm., pp 58-64, Oct. 2002.
[14] C. Jelger, and T. Noel, "Supporting Mobile SSM sources for IPv6 (MSSMSv6)", Internet Draft (work in progress, expired), January 2002.
[15] D.B. Johnson, C. Perkins and J. Arkko,"Mobility Support in IPv6", RFC 3775, June 2004.
[16] Kellil, M., Romdhani, Kellil, H.-Y. Lach, A. Bouabdallah, and H. Bettahar, "Multicast Receiver and Sender Access Control and its Applicability to Mobile IP Environments: A Survey", IEEE Comm. Surveys & Tutorials 7(2), pp. 46-70, 2005.
[17] R. Koodli, "Fast Handovers for Mobile IPv6", RFC 4068, July 2004.
[18] G. Leoleis, G. Prezerakos, and I. Venieris, "Seamless multicast mobility support using fast MIPv6 extensions", Computer Comm. 29, pp. 3745-3765, 2006.
[19] R.C. Lin and K. Cheng, "Scalable Multicast Protocol in IP-Based Mobile Networks", Wireless Networks and Applications, 5, pp. 259-271, 2000.
[20] T. Noel, N. Montavont, and P. Bertin, "Mobilité IPv6 et WLAN: Expérimentation et évaluation ├á l'échelle d'un campus", LSIIT. Université Louis Pasteur. Strasbourg, décembre 2002, http://wwwrp.
[21] C. Perkins, "IP Mobility Support for IPv4", RFC 3344, August 2002.
[22] I. Romdhani, M. Kellil, H.-Y. Lach et. al. "IP Mobile Multicast: Challenges and Solutions", IEEE Comm. Surveys, 6(1), 2004.
[23] Romdhani, I., Bettahar, H. and Bouabdallah, A. "Transparent handover for mobile multicast sources", in P. Lorenz and P. Dini, eds, 'Proceedings of the IEEE ICN'06', IEEE Press, 2006.
[24] H. Soliman, C. Castelluccia, K. El-Malki, and L. Bellier, "Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 mobility management", RFC 4140, August 2005.
[25] T.C. Schmidt, and M. Waehlisch, "Multicast Mobility in MIPv6: Problem Statement and Brief Survey", draft-irtf-mobopts-mmcastv6-ps- 00.txt, May 2007.
[26] T.C. Schmidt, and M. Waehlisch, "Seamless Multicast Handover in a Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 Environment (M-HMIPv6)", draft-schmidtwaehlisch- mhmipv6-04.txt, December 2005.
[27] Thaler, D. "Supporting Mobile SSM Sources for IPv6", Proceedings of IETF meeting Dec. 2001, individual.
[28] R. Vida and L. Costa (Eds.) "Multicast Listener Discovery Version 2 (MLDv2) for IPv6", RFC3810, June 2004.
[29] R. Vida, L. Costa, and S. Fdida, "M-HBH - Efficient Mobility Management in Multicast", Proc. of NGC '02, pp. 105-112, ACM Press 2002.
[30] F. Xia, and B. Sarikaya, "FMIPv6 extensions for Multicast Handover", draft-xia-mipshop-fmip-multicast-00.txt, September 2006.
[31] Zhang, H. et al "Mobile IPv6 Multicast with Dynamic Multicast Agent", draft-zhang-mipshop-multicast-dma-03.txt, (work in progress), January 2007.
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