Open Science Research Excellence

Open Science Index

Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29210


Select areas to restrict search in scientific publication database:
10009561
Physical Activity and Cognitive Functioning Relationship in Children
Abstract:
This study investigated the relation between processing information and fitness level of active (fit) and sedentary (unfit) children drawn from rural and urban areas in Botswana. It was hypothesized that fit children would display faster simple reaction time (SRT), choice reaction times (CRT) and movement times (SMT). 60, third grade children (7.0 – 9.0 years) were initially selected and based upon fitness testing, 45 participated in the study (15 each of fit urban, unfit urban, fit rural). All children completed anthropometric measures, skinfold testing and submaximal cycle ergometer testing. The cognitive testing included SRT, CRT, SMT and Choice Movement Time (CMT) and memory sequence length. Results indicated that the rural fit group exhibited faster SMT than the urban fit and unfit groups. For CRT, both fit groups were faster than the unfit group. Collectively, the study shows that the relationship that exists between physical fitness and cognitive function amongst the elderly can tentatively be extended to the pediatric population. Physical fitness could be a factor in the speed at which we process information, including decision making, even in children.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

References:

[1] Chodzko-Zacjko (1991) Physical fitness, cognitive performance, and aging. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 23,868-872.
[2] Etnier L, Salazar W, Landers D, Petruzzello S, Han M, Nowell P (1997) The influence of physical fitness and exercise upon cognitive functioning: a meta-analysis. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 19, 249-277. Human Kinetics.
[3] Hilman C. H., Casteli D. M., &Buck S. M. (2005) Aerobic Fitness and Nuerocognitive Function in healthy Preadolescent Children. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.
[4] Van Dusen DP, Kelder SH, Kohl HW, Ranjit N, Perry CL. (2011) Associations of physical fitness and academic performance among schoolchildren. J Sch Health 81: 733–740.
[5] Jolles J, Houx M, Boxtel J, Ponds H, (Eds) (1995) Maastrich Aging Study: Determinants of cognitive aging. Maastrich Neuropsycology.
[6] Frischenschlager, E.; Gosch, J. (2012) Active Learning—Leichter lernen durch Bewegung. Active Learning—Easier learning through physical activity. Erzieh. Unterr. 162, 131–13.
[7] Myer, G.D.; Faigenbaum, A. D.; Edwards, N.M.; Clark, J.F.; Best, T.M.; Sallis, R.E (2015) Sixty minutes of what? A developing brain perspective for activating children with an integrative exercise approach. Br. J. Sports Med. 49, 1510–1516.
[8] California Department of Education (CDE): (2001) California Physical Fitness Test: Report to the Governor and Legislature. Sacramento. CA: California Department of Education and Assessment Division.
[9] Cooper Institute for Aerobic Research (1999) Fitnessgram: Test Administration Manual. Champaign IL. Human Kinetics
[10] Coe, P., D., Pivarnick, J., M., Womack, C., J., Reeves, M., J., & Malina, R., M. (2006) Effect of Physical Education and Activity Levels on Academic Achievement in Children Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 38: 1515-1519.
[11] Kramer AF, Hillman CH. Aging, physical activity, and neurocognitive function. In: Acevado E, Ekkekakis P, editors. Psychobiology of exercise and sport. Human Kinetics; Champaign, IL: 2006. pp. 45–59.
[12] Dwyer T, Sallis JF, Blizzard L, Lazarus R, Dean K. (2001) Relation of academic performance to physical activity and fitness in children: Pediatric Exercise Science 13 225-237. Human Kinetics.
[13] Castelli, D. M., Hillman, C. H., Buck, S. M., & Erwin, H. E. (2007). Physical fitness and academic achievement in third- and fifth-grade students. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 29, 239-252.
[14] Fedewa A. L., Ahn S. (2011) The Effects of Physical Activity and Physical Fitness on Children's Achievement and Cognitive Outcomes- A Met Analysis. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport Volume 82.
[15] Pivarnik JM, Womack CJ, Reeves MJ, Malina RM (2006) Effect of physical education and activity levels on academic achievement in children. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 38(8):1515-9.
[16] Morales J, Pellicer-Chenoll M, García-Massó X, Gomis M, and González L. M, (2011) “Relation between physical activity and academic performance in 3rd-year secondary education students,” Perceptual and Motor Skills, Vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 539–546.
[17] Silbey, B., & Etnier, J., L. (2003) The Relationship Between Physical and Cognition in Children: A Meta-Analysis
[18] Tremblay, M.S., Inman, J.W., Williams, D. (2000) The relationship Between Physical activity, self esteem, and academic achievement in 12 year-old children, Pediatric Exercise Science, 12, 312-323.
[19] Kumar N., Singh M., & Sood S. (2012) “Effect of acute moderate exercise on cognitive P300 in persons having sedentary lifestyles,” International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 67–69.
[20] Krafft C., E., Schwarz N., F., & Chi L (2013) “An eight month randomized controlled exercise trial alters brain activation during cognitive tasks in overweight children,” Obesity.
[21] Henderson S.E & Sugden D (1992) Movement Assessment Battery for Children. San Antonio. TX: Psychological Corporation
[22] Robertson R, Goss F. Boer N. Peoples J. Foreman A. Dabayebeh I. Millich N. Balasekaran G. Riechman S. Gallagher J. Thompkins T (1998) Children’s OMNI of perceived exertion: mixed gender/race validation.
[23] Collert J. T, Mokgwathi M. (1986) Growth of urban school children in Botswana. Annals of Human Biology 13, 73-82
[24] Washington R. Van Gundy J. Cohen C. Sondheimer H. Wolfe R. (1988) Normal Aerobic and anaerobic exercise data for North American school-age children. 112 The Journal of Pediatrics.
[25] Hamilton P., Andrew G., (1976) Influence of growth and athletic training on heart and lung functions. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 36. 27-38.
[26] Bluma-Bidzan, I., Lipowska, M. (2018) Physical Activity and Cognitive Functioning in Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 15(4).
Vol:13 No:01 2019
Vol:12 No:12 2018Vol:12 No:11 2018Vol:12 No:10 2018Vol:12 No:09 2018Vol:12 No:08 2018Vol:12 No:07 2018Vol:12 No:06 2018Vol:12 No:05 2018Vol:12 No:04 2018Vol:12 No:03 2018Vol:12 No:02 2018Vol:12 No:01 2018
Vol:11 No:12 2017Vol:11 No:11 2017Vol:11 No:10 2017Vol:11 No:09 2017Vol:11 No:08 2017Vol:11 No:07 2017Vol:11 No:06 2017Vol:11 No:05 2017Vol:11 No:04 2017Vol:11 No:03 2017Vol:11 No:02 2017Vol:11 No:01 2017
Vol:10 No:12 2016Vol:10 No:11 2016Vol:10 No:10 2016Vol:10 No:09 2016Vol:10 No:08 2016Vol:10 No:07 2016Vol:10 No:06 2016Vol:10 No:05 2016Vol:10 No:04 2016Vol:10 No:03 2016Vol:10 No:02 2016Vol:10 No:01 2016
Vol:9 No:12 2015Vol:9 No:11 2015Vol:9 No:10 2015Vol:9 No:09 2015Vol:9 No:08 2015Vol:9 No:07 2015Vol:9 No:06 2015Vol:9 No:05 2015Vol:9 No:04 2015Vol:9 No:03 2015Vol:9 No:02 2015Vol:9 No:01 2015
Vol:8 No:12 2014Vol:8 No:11 2014Vol:8 No:10 2014Vol:8 No:09 2014Vol:8 No:08 2014Vol:8 No:07 2014Vol:8 No:06 2014Vol:8 No:05 2014Vol:8 No:04 2014Vol:8 No:03 2014Vol:8 No:02 2014Vol:8 No:01 2014
Vol:7 No:12 2013Vol:7 No:11 2013Vol:7 No:10 2013Vol:7 No:09 2013Vol:7 No:08 2013Vol:7 No:07 2013Vol:7 No:06 2013Vol:7 No:05 2013Vol:7 No:04 2013Vol:7 No:03 2013Vol:7 No:02 2013Vol:7 No:01 2013
Vol:6 No:12 2012Vol:6 No:11 2012Vol:6 No:10 2012Vol:6 No:09 2012Vol:6 No:08 2012Vol:6 No:07 2012Vol:6 No:06 2012Vol:6 No:05 2012Vol:6 No:04 2012Vol:6 No:03 2012Vol:6 No:02 2012Vol:6 No:01 2012
Vol:5 No:12 2011Vol:5 No:11 2011Vol:5 No:10 2011Vol:5 No:09 2011Vol:5 No:08 2011Vol:5 No:07 2011Vol:5 No:06 2011Vol:5 No:05 2011Vol:5 No:04 2011Vol:5 No:03 2011Vol:5 No:02 2011Vol:5 No:01 2011
Vol:4 No:12 2010Vol:4 No:11 2010Vol:4 No:10 2010Vol:4 No:09 2010Vol:4 No:08 2010Vol:4 No:07 2010Vol:4 No:06 2010Vol:4 No:05 2010Vol:4 No:04 2010Vol:4 No:03 2010Vol:4 No:02 2010Vol:4 No:01 2010
Vol:3 No:12 2009Vol:3 No:11 2009Vol:3 No:10 2009Vol:3 No:09 2009Vol:3 No:08 2009Vol:3 No:07 2009Vol:3 No:06 2009Vol:3 No:05 2009Vol:3 No:04 2009Vol:3 No:03 2009Vol:3 No:02 2009Vol:3 No:01 2009
Vol:2 No:12 2008Vol:2 No:11 2008Vol:2 No:10 2008Vol:2 No:09 2008Vol:2 No:08 2008Vol:2 No:07 2008Vol:2 No:06 2008Vol:2 No:05 2008Vol:2 No:04 2008Vol:2 No:03 2008Vol:2 No:02 2008Vol:2 No:01 2008
Vol:1 No:12 2007Vol:1 No:11 2007Vol:1 No:10 2007Vol:1 No:09 2007Vol:1 No:08 2007Vol:1 No:07 2007Vol:1 No:06 2007Vol:1 No:05 2007Vol:1 No:04 2007Vol:1 No:03 2007Vol:1 No:02 2007Vol:1 No:01 2007