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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29137

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Remediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbon-contaminated Soil Slurry by Fenton Oxidation
Theobjective of this study was to evaluate the optimal treatment condition of Fenton oxidation process to removal contaminant in soil slurry contaminated by petroleum hydrocarbons. This research studied somefactors that affect the removal efficiency of petroleum hydrocarbons in soil slurry including molar ratio of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to ferrous ion(Fe2+), pH condition and reaction time.The resultsdemonstrated that the optimum condition was that the molar ratio of H2O2:Fe3+ was 200:1,the pHwas 4.0and the rate of reaction was increasing rapidly from starting point to 7th hour and destruction kinetic rate (k) was 0.24 h-1. Approximately 96% of petroleum hydrocarbon was observed(initialtotal petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) concentration = 70±7gkg-1)
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[1] S. Peng, Q. Zhou, Z. Caia, and Z. Zhanga, "Phytoremediation of petroleum contaminated soil byMirabilis Jalapa L. in a greenhouse plot experiment," Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 168, pp. 1490-1496, Mar. 2009.
[2] W. Duan, G. Chen, Q. Ye, and Q. Chen, "The situation of hazardous chemical accidents in China between 2000 and 2006" Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 186, pp. 1489-1494, Dec. 2010.
[3] E. Okstad, E. Jersin, and R.K. Tinmannsvik, "Accident investigation in the Norwegian petroleum industry - Common features and future challenges" Safety Science, vol. 50, pp. 1408 - 1414, Jan. 2011.
[4] N. Merkl, R. Schultze-Kraft, and C. Infante, "Phytoremediation in the tropics - influence of heavy crude oil on root morphological characteristics of graminoids" Environmental Pollution 138, vol. 138, pp. 86-91, Feb. 2005.
[5] K. Das, and A.K. Mukherjee, "Crude petroleum-oil biodegradation efficiency of Bacillus subtilisand Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated from a petroleum-oilcontaminated soil from North-East India"Bioresource Technology, vol. 98, pp. 1339-1345, May. 2006.
[6] E.J. Jonera, D, Hirmannb, O. H.J. Szolarb, D.Todorovicb, C.Leyvala, and A.P. Loibnerb, "Priming effects on PAH degradation and ecotoxicity during a phytoremediation experiment"Environmental Pollution, vol. 128, pp. 429-435, Sep. 2003.
[7] M. Lu, Z. Zhang, W.Qiao, Y.Guanb, M. Xiao, and C.Peng, "Removal of residual contaminants in petroleum-contaminated soil by Fenton-like oxidation" Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 179, pp. 604-611, Mar. 2010.
[8] M. Lu, Z. Zhang, W. Qiao, X. Wei, Y. Guan, Q. Ma, and Y. Guan, "Remediation of petroleum-contaminated soil after composting by sequential treatment with Fenton-like oxidation and biodegradation"Bioresource Technology, vol. 101, pp. 2016-2113, Nov. 2009.
[9] R. Baciocchi, M.R. Boni, and L.D. April, "Hydrogen peroxide lifetime as an indicator of the efficiency of 3-chlorophenol Fenton-s and Fentonlike oxidation in soils" Journal of Hazardous Materials, B96, pp. 305- 329, 2003.
[10] L. Di Palma, In situ chemical oxidation of environments combined withhazardous materials. In: Lens, P., Grotenhuis, T., Malina, G., Tabak, H. (Eds.), Soil and Sediment Remediation: Mechanisms, Technologies and Applications. IWA Publishing, London, pp. 200-222, 2005.
[11] J.H. Langwaldt, Stimulated in situ soil treatment: biodegradation coupled to Fenton-sreaction. In: Lens, P., Grotenhuis, T., Malina, G., Tabak, H. (Eds.), Soil and Sediment Remediation: Mechanisms, Technologies and Applications. IWA Publishing, London, pp. 223-247, 2005.
[12] Venny, S. Gan and H.K. Ng, "Inorganic chelated modified-Fenton treatment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-contaminated soils" Chemical Engineering, vol. 180, pp. 1-8, Oct. 2011.

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