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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29912

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Study of Dual Fuel Engine as Environmentally Friendly Engine
The diesel engine is an internal combustion engine that uses compressed air to combust. The diesel engines are widely used in the world because it has the most excellent combustion efficiency than other types of internal combustion engine.  However, the exhaust emissions of it produce pollutants that are harmful to human health and the environment. Therefore, natural gas used as an alternative fuel using on compression ignition engine to respond those environment issues. This paper aims to discuss the comparison of the technical characteristics and exhaust gases emission from conventional diesel engine and dual fuel diesel engine. According to the study, the dual fuel engine applications have a lower compression pressure and has longer ignition delay compared with normal diesel mode. The engine power is decreased at dual fuel mode. However, the exhaust gases emission on dual fuel engine significantly reduce the nitrogen oxide (NOx), carbon dioxide (CO2) and particular metter (PM) emissions.
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[1] Weil L., Geng P., A review on natural gas/diesel dual fuel combustion, emission and performance, Fuel Processing Technology 2016; 142; pp 264-278
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[3] Sahoo B.B., Sahoo N., Saha U.K., Effect of engine parameters and type of gaseous fuel on performance of dual fuel gas diesel engine – A critical review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2009; 13 ; pp 1151-1184.
[4] Ohashi I, Dual fuel marine engine (highly reliable environmentally friendly engine), YANMAR Technical Review 2015.
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[6] Wang Z., Zhao Z., Wang D., Tan M., Han Y., Liu Z., Dou H., Impact of pilot diesel ignition mode on combustion and emissions characteristics of a diesel/natural gas dual fuel heavy-duty engine, Fuel 2016; 167; pp 248-256.
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[9] Siddiek I.S., Elgohary M.M., Eco-friendly selection of ship emissions reduction strategies with emphasis on SOx and NOx emissions, International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering 2014; Volume 6; pp 737-748.
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[11] Zhang Q., Li M., Shao S., Combustion Process and emission of heavy-duty engine fueled ith directly injected NG and pilot diesel, Applied Energy 2015; 157; pp 217-228.
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[16] Nwafor OMI. Combustion characteristics of dual-fuel diesel engine using pilot injection ignition. Institution of Engineers (India) Journal 2003; 84; 22–5.
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