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9998617
The Conception of Implementation of Vision for European Forensic Science 2020 in Lithuania
Abstract:
The Council of European Union (EU Council) has stressed on several occasions the need for a concerted, comprehensive and effective solution to delinquency problems in EU communities. In the context of establishing a European Forensic Science Area and the development of forensic science infrastructure in Europe, EU Council believes that forensic science can significantly contribute to the efficiency of law enforcement, crime prevention and combating crimes. Lithuanian scientists have consolidated to implement a project named “Conception of the vision for European Forensic Science 2020 implementation in Lithuania” (the project is funded for the period of 1 March 2014 - 31 December 2016) with the objective to create a conception of implementation of the vision for European Forensic Science 2020 in Lithuania by 1) evaluating the current status of Lithuania’s forensic system and opportunities for its improvement; 2) analysing achievements and knowledge in investigation of crimes listed in conclusions of EU Council on the vision for European Forensic Science 2020 including creation of a European Forensic Science Area and the development of forensic science infrastructure in Europe: trafficking in human beings, organised crime and terrorism; 3) analysing conceptions of criminalistics, which differ in different EU member states due to the variety of forensic schools, and finding means for their harmonization. Apart from the conception of implementation of the vision for European Forensic Science 2020 in Lithuania, the Project is expected to suggest provisions that will be relevant to other EU countries as well. Consequently, the presented conception of implementation of vision for European Forensic Science 2020 in Lithuania could initiate a project for a common vision of European Forensic Science and contribute to the development of the EU as an area of freedom, security and justice. The article presents main ideas of the project of the conception of the vision for European Forensic Science 2020 of EU Council and analyses its legal background, as well as prospects of and challenges for its implementation in Lithuania and the EU.
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References:

[1] National Research Council. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2009.
[2] Laurin, J. E., "Remapping the Path Forward: Toward a Systemic View of Forensic Science Reform and Oversight (September 22, 2012)”, Texas Law Review, 2013; U of Texas Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 246. Available at SSRN: .
[3] T. B. P. M. Tjin-A-Tsoi, Trends, Challenges and Strategy in the Forensic Science Sector. March 2013. Available at .
[4] Improving Forensic Methodologies across Europe (IFMAE). Available at .
[5] Draft Council conclusions on the vision for European Forensic Science 2020 including the creation of a European Forensic Science Area and the development of forensic science infrastructure in Europe. Council document 17537/11 of 2011-12-01. Available at .
[6] E. V. Kurapka, H. Malevski, E. Kažemikaitienė, „Kriminalistikos irteismo ekspertizės žinių poreikio ir jų taikymo praktikos Lietuvoje vertinimas", Jurisprudencija, 12 (102), 2007, pp. 22–31.
[7] V. E. Kurapka, E. Bilevičiūtė, S.Matulienė, J.Juškevičiūtė and E. Dereškevičius, Specialių žinių taikymo tiriant nusikaltimus mokslinė koncepcija ir jos įgyvendinimo mechanizmas: mokslo studija. Vilnius: Mykolo Romerio universitetas, 2012.
[8] Council framework Decision 2009/905/JHA of 30 November 2009 on Accreditation of forensic service providers carrying out laboratory activities. OJ 2009 L 322 of 2009-12-09, p. 14-16.
[9] G. Juodkaitė – Granskienė, H. Malevski, R. Merkevičius, „Teismoekspertizėsreglamentavimas – būklėirperspektyvos", Criminalistics and forensic examination: science, studies, practice VII, D. 1. Science of criminalistics for practice, Vilnius: Lietuvosteismo ekspertizės centras, 2011, pp. 9-21.
[10] FINAL REPORT – Study an Obstacles to Cooperation and Information – sharing among Forensic Science Laboratories and other Relevant Bodies of Different Member States and between these and Counterparts in Third Countries Contract JLS/D1/2007/025.Available at .
[11] Horizon 2020. Call for Fight against Crime and Terrorism is divided in forensics, law enforcement capabilities, urban security and Ethical / societal dimension.
[12] Horizon 2020 Work Program 2014-2015(European Commission Decision C (2013)8631 of 10 December 2013).
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