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Treatment of Petroleum Refinery Wastewater by using UASB Reactors
Petroleum refineries discharged large amount of wastewater -during the refining process- that contains hazardous constituents that is hard to degrade. Anaerobic treatment process is well known as an efficient method to degrade high strength wastewaters. Up-flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanker (UASB) is a common process used for various wastewater treatments. Two UASB reactors were set up and operated in parallel to evaluate the treatment efficiency of petroleum refinery wastewater. In this study four organic volumetric loading rates were applied (i.e. 0.58, 0.89, 1.21 and 2.34 kg/m3·d), two loads to each reactor. Each load was applied for a period of 60 days for the reactor to acclimatize and reach steady state, and then the second load applied. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) removals were satisfactory with the removal efficiencies at the loadings applied were 78, 82, 83 and 81 % respectively.
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[1] TV Otokunefor, C. Obiukwu, "Impact of refinery effluent on the physicochemical properties of a water body in the Niger delta". Applied ecology and environmental research 3(1): 61-72. ISSN 1589 1623. 2005.
[2] CJ.G. Jou, and G.C Huang, (2003), A pilot study for oil refinery wastewater treatment using a fixed film bioreactor. Adv. Environ. Res., 7: 463-469.
[3] S. T. Sami Sarfaraz, "Anoxic Treatment of Phenolic Wastewater in Sequencing Batch Reactor". Water Research 38, 965-971. 2004.
[4] H.H.P. Fang, D.W. Liang, T. Zhang, Y. Liu, "Anaerobic treatment of phenol in wastewater under thermophilic condition", Water Research, Volume 40, Issue 3, Pages 427-434, ISSN 0043-1354. DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2005.11.025. February 2006.
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[7] L. Metcalf, H. Eddy, "Wastewater Engineering, Treatment, Disposal and Reuse", fourth ed., McGraw Hill, New York, 2003, Pp 637.
[8] S.O. Rastegar, S.M. Mousavi, S.A. Shojaosadati, S. Sheibani, "Optimization of petroleum refinery effluent treatment in a UASB reactor using response surface methodology", Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 197, Pages 26-32, ISSN 0304-3894, 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.09.052. 15 December 2011.
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