Use of Integrated Knowledge Networks to Increase Innovation in Nanotechnology Research and Development
Innovation, particularly in technology development, is a crucial aspect of nanotechnology R&D and, although several approaches to effective innovation management exist, organizational structures that promote knowledge exchange have been found to be most effect in supporting new and emerging technologies. This paper discusses Integrated Knowledge Networks (IKNs) and evaluates its use within nanotechnology R&D to increase technology innovation. Specifically, this paper reviews the role of IKNs in bolstering national and international nanotechnology development and in enhancing nanotechnology innovation. Both physical and virtual IKNs, particularly IT-based network platforms for community-based innovation, offer strategies for enhanced technology innovation, interdisciplinary cooperation, and enterprise development. Effectively creating and managing technology R&D networks can facilitate successful knowledge exchange, enhanced innovation, commercialization, and technology transfer. As such, IKNs are crucial to technology development processes and, thus, in increasing the quality and access to new, innovative nanoscience and technologies worldwide.
 R. Cappellin. Knowledge and Innovation Networks and Territorial Knowledge Management. Royal Institute of Technology Masters Thesis. Sweden. 2002. Pages 1-36.
 H. Chan. Community Based Innovation and Speed to Market: The Mediating Role of New Product Development Process. The International Journal of Organizational Innovation. 2(3):49-61. 2010.
 B. Asheim. Regional Innovation Systems: The Integration of Local “Sticky” and Global “Ubiquitous” Knowledge. The Journal of Technology Transfer. 1(1):1-14. 2002.
 J. Fuller. Community-Based Innovation: A Method to Utilize the Innovative Potential of Online Communities. ICSS. 00(c):1-10. 2004.
 M. Kodama. Customer Value Creation Through Community-Based Information Networks. International Journal of Information Management. 19(6):495-508. 1999.
 Grutzmann. Knowledge Management and Innovation: The Role of Virtual Social Networks in Innovative Consumer Behavior. Journal of Technology, Management, and Innovation. 8(1): 209-220. 2013.
 Bradshaw. Questioning the Credibility and Capacity of Community-Based Resource Management. The Canadian Geographer. 47(2):137-150. 2003.
 H. Aalst. Networks of Innovation. OECD. 2003. Pages 33-40.
 J. Gous. Using Knowledge Networks to Support Innovation. University of Stellenbosch Masters Thesis. South Africa. 2011. Pages 1-71.
 Schutte.. Knowledge Networks for Managing Innovation Projects. PICMET. 1(1):27-31. 2008.
 M. Kafouros. The Impact of the Internet on R&D Efficiency: Theory and Evidence. Technovation. 26(7):827-835. 2006.
 M. Sawhney. Collaborating to Create: the internet as a platform for customer engagement. J of Interactive Marketing. 19(4):4-34. 2005.
 J. Swan. Limits of IT-driven knowledge management initiatives for interactive innovation processes. ICSS. 00(c):1-11. 2000.
 G. Seyfang. Growing Grassroots Innovations: Exploring the role of community-based initaitves in governing sustainable energy transitions. Journal of Environment and Planning: Government and Policy. 30(3):381-400. 2012.
 APCTT. Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology. United Nations. http://www.apctt.org/ Accessed April 11, 2015.
 R. Boland. Technology Sharing Transforms Asia-Pacific Region. AFCEA. http://www.afcea.org/content/?q=technology-sharing-transforms-asia-pacific-region Accessed April 11, 2015.
 UN. Asia-Pacific Reaches Whooping 2.5 Billion Mobile Phone Users. Net Finance 2013 Report. http://www.uncapsa.org/Palawija/pn1408.pdf
 U. Wickramasinghe. The Role of Regional Cooperation in Promoting Agricultural Technology Transfer to Meet Food Security Goals. CAPSA Palawija Newsletter. 31(2): 1-5. 2014.