In this research paper, a slotted coaxial line fed cross
dipole excitation structure for short backfire antenna is proposed and
developed to achieve reconfigurable circular polarization. The cross
dipole, which is fed by the slotted coaxial line, consists of two
orthogonal dipoles. The dipoles are mounted on the outer conductor
of the coaxial line. A unique technique is developed to generate
reconfigurable circular polarization using cross dipole configuration.
The sub-reflector is supported by the feed line, thus requiring no
extra support. The antenna is developed on elliptical ground plane
with dielectric rim making antenna compact. It is demonstrated that
cross dipole excited short backfire antenna can achieve voltage
standing wave ratio (VSWR) bandwidth of 14.28% for 2:1 VSWR,
axial ratio of 0.2 dB with axial ratio (≤ 3dB) bandwidth of 2.14% and
a gain of more than 12 dBi. The experimental results for the designed
antenna structure are in close agreement with computer simulations.