Discontinuous Galerkin Method for 1D Shallow Water Flow with Water Surface Slope Limiter
A water surface slope limiting scheme is tested and
compared with the water depth slope limiter for the solution of one
dimensional shallow water equations with bottom slope source term.
Numerical schemes based on the total variation diminishing Runge-
Kutta discontinuous Galerkin finite element method with slope
limiter schemes based on water surface slope and water depth are
used to solve one-dimensional shallow water equations. For each
slope limiter, three different Riemann solvers based on HLL, LF, and
Roe flux functions are used. The proposed water surface based slope
limiter scheme is easy to implement and shows better conservation
property compared to the slope limiter based on water depth. Of the
three flux functions, the Roe approximation provides the best results
while the LF function proves to be least suitable when used with
either slope limiter scheme.
Discontinuous finite element, TVD Runge-Kuttascheme, slope limiters, Riemann solvers, shallow water flow.
Optimized Detection in Multi-Antenna System using Particle Swarm Algorithm
In this paper we propose a Particle Swarm heuristic
optimized Multi-Antenna (MA) system. Efficient MA systems
detection is performed using a robust stochastic evolutionary
computation algorithm based on movement and intelligence of
swarms. This iterative particle swarm optimized (PSO) detector
significantly reduces the computational complexity of conventional
Maximum Likelihood (ML) detection technique. The simulation
results achieved with this proposed MA-PSO detection algorithm
show near optimal performance when compared with ML-MA
receiver. The performance of proposed detector is convincingly
better for higher order modulation schemes and large number of
antennas where conventional ML detector becomes non-practical.
Multi Antenna (MA), Multi-input Multi-output(MIMO), Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO), ML detection.
Dependence of Particle Initiated PD Characteristics on Size and Position of Metallic Particle Adhering to the Spacer Surface in GIS
It is well known that metallic particles reduce the
reliability of Gas-Insulated Substation (GIS) equipments by initiating
partial discharge (PDs) that can lead to breakdown and complete
failure of GIS. This paper investigates the characteristics of PDs
caused by metallic particle adhering to the solid spacer. The PD
detection and measurement were carried out by using IEC 60270
method with particles of different sizes and at different positions on
the spacer surface. The results show that a particle of certain size at
certain position possesses a unique PD characteristic as compared to
those caused by particles of different sizes and/or at different
positions. Therefore PD characteristics may be useful for the particle
size and position identification.
Particle, partial discharge, GIS, spacer.