Design of a Tuning Fork type UWB Patch Antenna
In this paper a tuning fork type structure of Ultra
Wideband (UWB) antenna is proposed. The antenna offers excellent
performance for UWB system, ranging from 3.7 GHz to 13.8 GHz.
The antenna exhibits a 10 dB return loss bandwidth over the entire
frequency band. The rectangular patch antenna is designed on FR4
substrate and fed with 50 ohms microstrip line by optimizing the
width of partial ground, the width and position of the feedline to
operate in UWB. The rectangular patch is then modified to tuning
fork structure by maintaining UWB frequency range.
Ultra wide band, antenna, microstrip, partial groundplane.
Rule-Based Fuzzy Logic Controller with Adaptable Reference
This paper attempts to model and design a simple
fuzzy logic controller with Variable Reference. The Variable
Reference (VR) is featured as an adaptability element which is
obtained from two known variables – desired system-input and actual
system-output. A simple fuzzy rule-based technique is simulated to
show how the actual system-input is gradually tuned in to a value
that closely matches the desired input. The designed controller is
implemented and verified on a simple heater which is controlled by
PIC Microcontroller harnessed by a code developed in embedded C.
The output response of the PIC-controlled heater is analyzed and
compared to the performances by conventional fuzzy logic
controllers. The novelty of this work lies in the fact that it gives
better performance by using less number of rules compared to
conventional fuzzy logic controllers.
Fuzzy logic controller, Variable reference,
A High Accuracy Measurement Circuit for Soil Moisture Detection
The study of soil for agriculture purposes has
remained the main focus of research since the beginning of civilization as humans- food related requirements remained closely linked with the soil. The study of soil has generated an interest
among the researchers for very similar other reasons including transmission, reflection and refraction of signals for deploying
wireless underground sensor networks or for the monitoring of objects on (or in ) soil in the form of better understanding of soil
electromagnetic characteristics properties. The moisture content has
been very instrumental in such studies as it decides on the resistance of the soil, and hence the attenuation on signals traveling through soil
or the attenuation the signals may suffer upon their impact on soil. This work is related testing and characterizing a measurement circuit
meant for the detection of moisture level content in soil.
Analog–digital Conversion, Bridge Circuits, Intelligent sensors, Pulse Time Modulation, Relaxation Oscillator