Support Vector Regression for Retrieval of Soil Moisture Using Bistatic Scatterometer Data at X-Band
An approach was evaluated for the retrieval of soil
moisture of bare soil surface using bistatic scatterometer data in the
angular range of 200 to 700 at VV- and HH- polarization. The
microwave data was acquired by specially designed X-band (10
GHz) bistatic scatterometer. The linear regression analysis was done
between scattering coefficients and soil moisture content to select the
suitable incidence angle for retrieval of soil moisture content. The 250
incidence angle was found more suitable. The support vector
regression analysis was used to approximate the function described
by the input output relationship between the scattering coefficient and
corresponding measured values of the soil moisture content. The
performance of support vector regression algorithm was evaluated by
comparing the observed and the estimated soil moisture content by
statistical performance indices %Bias, root mean squared error
(RMSE) and Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE). The values of %Bias,
root mean squared error (RMSE) and Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency
(NSE) were found 2.9451, 1.0986 and 0.9214 respectively at HHpolarization.
At VV- polarization, the values of %Bias, root mean
squared error (RMSE) and Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE) were
found 3.6186, 0.9373 and 0.9428 respectively.
Bistatic scatterometer, soil moisture, support vector
regression, RMSE, %Bias, NSE.