There are a number of Distributed Generations (DGs)
installed in microgrid, which may have diverse path and direction of
power flow or fault current. The overcurrent protection scheme for the
traditional radial type distribution system will no longer meet the
needs of microgrid protection. Integrating the Intelligent Electronic
Device (IED) and a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
(SCADA) with IEC 61850 communication protocol, the paper
proposes a Microgrid Protection Management System (MPMS) to
protect power system from the fault. In the proposed method, the
MPMS performs logic programming of each IED to coordinate their
tripping sequence. The GOOSE message defined in IEC 61850 is used
as the transmission information medium among IEDs. Moreover, to
cope with the difference in fault current of microgrid between
grid-connected mode and islanded mode, the proposed MPMS applies
the group setting feature of IED to protect system and robust
adaptability. Once the microgrid topology varies, the MPMS will
recalculate the fault current and update the group setting of IED.
Provided there is a fault, IEDs will isolate the fault at once. Finally, the
Matlab/Simulink and Elipse Power Studio software are used to
simulate and demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed method.
IEC 61850, IED, Group Setting, Microgrid.