Implication to Environmental Education of Indigenous Knowledge and the Ecosystem of Upland Farmers in Aklan, Philippines
This paper defined the association between the
indigenous knowledge, cultural practices and the ecosystem its
implication to the environmental education to the farmers. Farmers
recognize the need for sustainability of the ecosystem they inhabit.
The cultural practices of farmers on use of indigenous pest control,
use of insect-repellant plants, soil management practices that suppress
diseases and harmful pests and conserve soil moisture are deemed
to be ecologically-friendly. Indigenous plant materials that were
more drought- and pest-resistant were grown. Crop rotation was
implemented with various crop seeds to increase their disease
resistance. Multi-cropping, planting of perennial crops, categorization
of soil and planting of appropriate crops, planting of appropriate
and leguminous crops, alloting land as watershed, and preserving
traditional palay seed varieties were found to be beneficial in
preserving the environment. The study also found that indigenous
knowledge about crops are still relevant and useful to the current
generation. This ensured the sustainability of our environment and
incumbent on policy makers and educators to support and preserve
for generations yet to come.
Cultural practices, ecosystem, environmental
education, indigenous knowledge.