A Distributed Topology Control Algorithm to Conserve Energy in Heterogeneous Wireless Mesh Networks
A considerable amount of energy is consumed during
transmission and reception of messages in a wireless mesh network
(WMN). Reducing per-node transmission power would greatly
increase the network lifetime via power conservation in addition to
increasing the network capacity via better spatial bandwidth reuse. In
this work, the problem of topology control in a hybrid WMN of
heterogeneous wireless devices with varying maximum transmission
ranges is considered. A localized distributed topology control
algorithm is presented which calculates the optimal transmission
power so that (1) network connectivity is maintained (2) node
transmission power is reduced to cover only the nearest neighbours
(3) networks lifetime is extended. Simulations and analysis of results
are carried out in the NS-2 environment to demonstrate the
correctness and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.
Topology Control, Wireless Mesh Networks,Backbone, Energy Efficiency, Localized Algorithm.