Evaluation of the End Effect Impact on the Torsion Test for Determining the Shear Modulus of a Timber Beam through a Photogrammetry Approach
The timber beam end effect in the torsion test is
evaluated using binocular stereo vision system. It is recommended by
BS EN 408:2010+A1:2012 to exclude a distance of two to three times
of cross-sectional thickness (b) from ends to avoid the end effect;
whereas, this study indicates that this distance is not sufficiently far
enough to remove this effect in slender cross-sections. The shear
modulus of six timber beams with different aspect ratios is determined
at the various angles and cross-sections. The result of this experiment
shows that the end affected span of each specimen varies depending
on their aspect ratios. It is concluded that by increasing the aspect
ratio this span will increase. However, by increasing the distance
from the ends to the values greater than 6b, the shear modulus trend
becomes constant and end effect will be negligible. Moreover, it is
concluded that end affected span is preferred to be depth-dependent
rather than thickness-dependant.
End effect, structural-size torsion test, shear
properties, timber engineering, binocular stereo vision.
Study on the Impact of Size and Position of the Shear Field in Determining the Shear Modulus of Glulam Beam Using Photogrammetry Approach
The shear modulus of a timber beam can be determined
using torsion test or shear field test method. The shear field test
method is based on shear distortion measurement of the beam at the
zone with the constant transverse load in the standardized four-point
bending test. The current code of practice advises using two metallic
arms act as an instrument to measure the diagonal displacement of
the constructing square. The size and the position of the constructing
square might influence the shear modulus determination. This study
aimed to investigate the size and the position effect of the square
in the shear field test method. A binocular stereo vision system has
been employed to determine the 3D displacement of a grid of target
points. Six glue laminated beams were produced and tested. Analysis
of Variance (ANOVA) was performed on the acquired data to evaluate
the significance of the size effect and the position effect of the square.
The results have shown that the size of the square has a noticeable
influence on the value of shear modulus, while, the position of the
square within the area with the constant shear force does not affect
the measured mean shear modulus.
Shear field test method, structural-sized test, shear
modulus of Glulam beam, photogrammetry approach.