Thermodynamic Performance of a Combined Power and Ejector Refrigeration Cycle
In this study thermodynamic performance analysis of a
combined organic Rankine cycle and ejector refrigeration cycle is
carried out for use of low-grade heat source in the form of sensible
energy. Special attention is paid to the effects of system parameters
including the turbine inlet temperature and turbine inlet pressure on the
characteristics of the system such as ratios of mass flow rate, net work
production, and refrigeration capacity as well as the coefficient of
performance and exergy efficiency of the system. Results show that
for a given source the coefficient of performance increases with
increasing of the turbine inlet pressure. However, the exergy
efficiency has an optimal condition with respect to the turbine inlet
Coefficient of performance, ejector refrigeration
cycle, exergy efficiency, low-grade energy, organic rankine cycle.
Thermodynamic Performance of Regenerative Organic Rankine Cycles
ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) has potential of
reducing consumption of fossil fuels and has many favorable
characteristics to exploit low-temperature heat sources. In this work
thermodynamic performance of ORC with regeneration is
comparatively assessed for various working fluids. Special attention is
paid to the effects of system parameters such as the turbine inlet
pressure on the characteristics of the system such as net work
production, heat input, volumetric flow rate per 1 MW of net work and
quality of the working fluid at turbine exit as well as thermal
efficiency. Results show that for a given source the thermal efficiency
generally increases with increasing of the turbine inlet pressure
however has optimal condition for working fluids of low critical
pressure such as iso-pentane or n-pentane.
low-grade energy source, organic Rankine cycle(ORC), regeneration, Patel-Teja equation.
Influence of Flash Temperature on Exergetical Performance of Organic Flash Cycle
Organic Flash Cycle (OFC) has potential of improving
efficiency for recovery of low temperature heat sources mainly due to
reducing temperature mismatch in the heat exchanger. In this work
exergetical performance analysis of ORC is conducted for recovery of
low grade heat source. Effects of system parameters such as flash
evaporation temperature or heating temperature are theoretically
investigated on the exergy destructions (anergies) at various
components of the system as well as exergy efficiency. Results show
that exergy efficiency has a peak with respect to the flash temperature,
and the optimum flash temperature increases with the heating
temperature. The component where the largest exergy destruction
occurs varies with the flash temperature or heating temperature.
Organic flash cycle (OFC), low grade heat source,
exergy, anergy, flash temperature.
Performance Assessment of Wet-Compression Gas Turbine Cycle with Turbine Blade Cooling
Turbine blade cooling is considered as the most
effective way of maintaining high operating temperature making use
of the available materials, and turbine systems with wet compression
have a potential for future power generation because of high efficiency
and high specific power with a relatively low cost. In this paper
performance analysis of wet-compression gas turbine cycle with
turbine blade cooling is carried out. The wet compression process is
analytically modeled based on non-equilibrium droplet evaporation.
Special attention is paid for the effects of pressure ratio and water
injection ratio on the important system variables such as ratio of
coolant fluid flow, fuel consumption, thermal efficiency and specific
power. Parametric studies show that wet compression leads to
insignificant improvement in thermal efficiency but significant
enhancement of specific power in gas turbine systems with turbine
Water injection, wet compression, gas turbine,
turbine blade cooling.
Influence of Ambient Condition on Performance of Wet Compression Process
Gas turbine systems with wet compression have a
potential for future power generation, since they can offer a high
efficiency and a high specific power with a relatively low cost. In this
study influence of ambient condition on the performance of the wet
compression process is investigated with a non-equilibrium analytical
modeling based on droplet evaporation. Transient behaviors of droplet
diameter and temperature of mixed air are investigated for various
ambient temperatures. Special attention is paid for the effects of
ambient temperature, pressure ratio, and water injection ratios on the
important wet compression variables including compressor outlet
temperature and compression work. Parametric studies show that
downing of the ambient temperature leads to lower compressor outlet
temperature and consequently lower consumption of compression
work even in wet compression processes.
water injection, droplet evaporation, wet
compression, gas turbine, ambient condition
Thermodynamic Performance Assessment of Steam-Injection Gas-Turbine Systems
The cycles of the steam-injection gas-turbine systems are studied. The analyses of the parametric effects and the optimal operating conditions for the steam-injection gas-turbine (STIG) system and the regenerative steam-injection gas-turbine (RSTIG) system are investigated to ensure the maximum performance. Using the analytic model, the performance parameters of the system such as thermal efficiency, fuel consumption and specific power, and also the optimal operating conditions are evaluated in terms of pressure ratio, steam injection ratio, ambient temperature and turbine inlet temperature (TIT). It is shown that the computational results are presented to have a notable enhancement of thermal efficiency and specific power.
gas turbine, RSTIG, steam injection, STIG, thermal efficiency.
Effects of Superheating on Thermodynamic Performance of Organic Rankine Cycles
Recently ORC(Organic Rankine Cycle) has attracted
much attention due to its potential in reducing consumption of fossil
fuels and its favorable characteristics to exploit low-grade heat sources.
In this work thermodynamic performance of ORC with superheating of
vapor is comparatively assessed for various working fluids. Special
attention is paid to the effects of system parameters such as the evaporating
temperature and the turbine inlet temperature on the characteristics
of the system such as maximum possible work extraction from
the given source, volumetric flow rate per 1 kW of net work and
quality of the working fluid at turbine exit as well as thermal and
exergy efficiencies. Results show that for a given source the thermal
efficiency increases with decrease of the superheating but exergy
efficiency may have a maximum value with respect to the superheating
of the working fluid. Results also show that in selection of working
fluid it is required to consider various criteria of performance characteristics
as well as thermal efficiency.
organic Rankine cycle (ORC), low-grade energysource, Patel-Teja equation, thermodynamic performance
A Second Law Assessment of Organic Rankine Cycle Depending on Source Temperature
Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) has potential in reducing fossil fuels and relaxing environmental problems. In this work performance analysis of ORC is conducted based on the second law of thermodynamics for recovery of low temperature heat source from 100oC to 140oC using R134a as the working fluid. Effects of system parameters such as turbine inlet pressure or source temperature are theoretically investigated on the exergy destructions (anergies) at various components of the system as well as net work production or exergy efficiency. Results show that the net work or exergy efficiency has a peak with respect to the turbine inlet pressure when the source temperature is low, however, increases monotonically with increasing turbine inlet pressure when the source temperature is high.
Organic Rankine cycle (ORC), low temperature heat source, exergy, source temperature.
Entropy Generation Analysis of Heat Recovery Vapor Generator for Ammonia-Water Mixture
This paper carries out a performance analysis based on
the first and second laws of thermodynamics for heat recovery vapor
generator (HRVG) of ammonia-water mixture when the heat source is
low-temperature energy in the form of sensible heat. In the analysis,
effects of the ammonia mass concentration and mass flow ratio of the
binary mixture are investigated on the system performance including
the effectiveness of heat transfer, entropy generation, and exergy
efficiency. The results show that the ammonia concentration and the
mass flow ratio of the mixture have significant effects on the system
performance of HRVG.
Entropy, exergy, ammonia-water mixture, heat
Performance Analysis of Absorption Power Cycle under Different Source Temperatures
The absorption power generation cycle based on the
ammonia-water mixture has attracted much attention for efficient
recovery of low-grade energy sources. In this paper a thermodynamic
performance analysis is carried out for a Kalina cycle using
ammonia-water mixture as a working fluid for efficient conversion of
low-temperature heat source in the form of sensible energy. The
effects of the source temperature on the system performance are
extensively investigated by using the thermodynamic models. The
results show that the source temperature as well as the ammonia mass
fraction affects greatly on the thermodynamic performance of the
Ammonia-water mixture, Kalina cycle, low-grade
heat source, source temperature.
Thermodynamic Analysis of Ammonia-Water Based Regenerative Rankine Cycle with Partial Evaporation
A thermodynamic analysis of a partial evaporating Rankine cycle with regeneration using zeotropic ammonia-water mixture as a working fluid is presented in this paper. The thermodynamic laws were applied to evaluate the system performance. Based on the thermodynamic model, the effects of the vapor quality and the ammonia mass fraction on the system performance were extensively investigated. The results showed that thermal efficiency has a peak value with respect to the vapor quality as well as the ammonia mass fraction. The partial evaporating ammonia based Rankine cycle has a potential to improve recovery of low-grade finite heat source.
Ammonia-water, Rankine cycle, partial evaporating, thermodynamic performance.
Comparative Exergy Analysis of Ammonia-Water Rankine Cycles and Kalina Cycle
This paper presents a comparative exergy analysis of ammonia-water Rankine cycles with and without regeneration and Kalina cycle for recovery of low-temperature heat source. Special attention is paid to the effect of system parameters such as ammonia mass fraction and turbine inlet pressure on the exergetical performance of the systems. Results show that maximum exergy efficiency can be obtained in the regenerative Rankine cycle for high turbine inlet pressures. However, Kalina cycle shows better exergy efficiency for low turbine inlet pressures, and the optimum ammonia mass fractions of Kalina cycle are lower than Rankine cycles.
Ammonia-water, Rankine cycle, Kalina cycle, exergy, exergy destruction, low-temperature heat source.