An Advanced Time-Frequency Domain Method for PD Extraction with Non-Intrusive Measurement
Partial discharge (PD) detection is an important
method to evaluate the insulation condition of metal-clad apparatus.
Non-intrusive sensors which are easy to install and have no
interruptions on operation are preferred in onsite PD detection.
However, it often lacks of accuracy due to the interferences in PD
signals. In this paper a novel PD extraction method that uses frequency
analysis and entropy based time-frequency (TF) analysis is introduced.
The repetitive pulses from convertor are first removed via frequency
analysis. Then, the relative entropy and relative peak-frequency of
each pulse (i.e. time-indexed vector TF spectrum) are calculated and
all pulses with similar parameters are grouped. According to the
characteristics of non-intrusive sensor and the frequency distribution
of PDs, the pulses of PD and interferences are separated. Finally the
PD signal and interferences are recovered via inverse TF transform.
The de-noised result of noisy PD data demonstrates that the
combination of frequency and time-frequency techniques can
discriminate PDs from interferences with various frequency
Entropy, Fourier analysis, non-intrusive
measurement, time-frequency analysis, partial discharge
Adaptive Fourier Decomposition Based Signal Instantaneous Frequency Computation Approach
There have been different approaches to compute the
analytic instantaneous frequency with a variety of background reasoning
and applicability in practice, as well as restrictions. This paper presents an adaptive Fourier decomposition and (α-counting) based
instantaneous frequency computation approach. The adaptive Fourier
decomposition is a recently proposed new signal decomposition
approach. The instantaneous frequency can be computed through the so called mono-components decomposed by it. Due to the fast energy
convergency, the highest frequency of the signal will be discarded by the adaptive Fourier decomposition, which represents the noise of
the signal in most of the situation. A new instantaneous frequency
definition for a large class of so-called simple waves is also proposed
in this paper. Simple wave contains a wide range of signals for which
the concept instantaneous frequency has a perfect physical sense.
The α-counting instantaneous frequency can be used to compute the highest frequency for a signal. Combination of these two approaches one can obtain the IFs of the whole signal. An experiment is demonstrated the computation procedure with promising results.
Adaptive Fourier decomposition, Fourier series, signal processing, instantaneous frequency
A New Time-Frequency Speech Analysis Approach Based On Adaptive Fourier Decomposition
In this paper, a new adaptive Fourier decomposition
(AFD) based time-frequency speech analysis approach is proposed.
Given the fact that the fundamental frequency of speech signals often
undergo fluctuation, the classical short-time Fourier transform (STFT)
based spectrogram analysis suffers from the difficulty of window size
selection. AFD is a newly developed signal decomposition theory. It is
designed to deal with time-varying non-stationary signals. Its
outstanding characteristic is to provide instantaneous frequency for
each decomposed component, so the time-frequency analysis becomes
easier. Experiments are conducted based on the sample sentence in
TIMIT Acoustic-Phonetic Continuous Speech Corpus. The results
show that the AFD based time-frequency distribution outperforms the
STFT based one.
Adaptive fourier decomposition, instantaneous
frequency, speech analysis, time-frequency distribution.
A Novel Instantaneous Frequency Computation Approach for Empirical Mode Decomposition
This paper introduces a new instantaneous frequency
computation approach -Counting Instantaneous Frequency for a
general class of signals called simple waves. The classsimple wave
contains a wide range of continuous signals for which the concept
instantaneous frequency has a perfect physical sense. The concept of
-Counting Instantaneous Frequency also applies to all the discrete data.
For all the simple wave signals and the discrete data, -Counting
instantaneous frequency can be computed directly without signal
decomposition process. The intrinsic mode functions obtained through
empirical mode decomposition belongs to simple wave. So
-Counting instantaneous frequency can be used together with
empirical mode decomposition.
Instantaneous frequency, empirical mode decomposition, intrinsic mode function.
Experimental Study on Slicing of Sapphire with Fixed Abrasive Diamond Wire Saw
Experimental study on slicing of sapphire with fixed
abrasive diamond wire saw was conducted in this paper. The process
parameters were optimized through orthogonal experiment of three
factors and four levels. The effects of wire speed, feed speed and
tension pressure on the surface roughness were analyzed. Surface
roughness in cutting direction and feed direction were both detected.
The results show that feed speed plays the most significant role on the
surface roughness of sliced sapphire followed by wire speed and
tension pressure. The optimized process parameters are as follows:
wire speed 1.9 m/s, feed speed 0.187 mm/min and tension pressure
0.18 MPa. In the end, the results were verified by analysis of variance.
Fixed abrasive, diamond wire saw, slicing, sapphire,
Effects of Manufacture and Assembly Errors on the Output Error of Globoidal Cam Mechanisms
The output error of the globoidal cam mechanism can
be considered as a relevant indicator of mechanism performance,
because it determines kinematic and dynamical behavior of
mechanical transmission. Based on the differential geometry and the
rigid body transformations, the mathematical model of surface
geometry of the globoidal cam is established. Then we present the
analytical expression of the output error (including the transmission
error and the displacement error along the output axis) by considering
different manufacture and assembly errors. The effects of the center
distance error, the perpendicular error between input and output axes
and the rotational angle error of the globoidal cam on the output error
are systematically analyzed. A globoidal cam mechanism which is
widely used in automatic tool changer of CNC machines is applied for
illustration. Our results show that the perpendicular error and the
rotational angle error have little effects on the transmission error but
have great effects on the displacement error along the output axis. This
study plays an important role in the design, manufacture and assembly
of the globoidal cam mechanism.
Globoidal cam mechanism, manufacture error,
transmission error, automatic tool changer.
Visualization of Latent Sweat Fingerprints Deposit on Paper by Infrared Radiation and Blue Light
A simple device termed infrared radiation (IR) was developed for rapid visualization of sweat fingerprints deposit on paper with blue light (450 nm, 11 W). In this approach, IR serves as the pretreatment device before the sweat fingerprints was illuminated by blue light. An annular blue light source was adopted for visualizing latent sweat fingerprints. Sample fingerprints were examined under various conditions after deposition, and experimental results indicate that the recovery rate of the latent sweat fingerprints is in the range of 50%-100% without chemical treatments. A mechanism for the observed visibility is proposed based on transportation and re-impregnation of fluorescer in paper at the region of water. And further exploratory experimental results gave the full support to the visible mechanism. Therefore, such a method as IR-pretreated in detecting latent fingerprints may be better for examination in the case where biological information of samples is needed for consequent testing.
Forensic science, visualization, infrared radiation, blue light, latent sweat fingerprints, detection.