3D Face Recognition Using Modified PCA Methods
In this paper we present an approach for 3D face
recognition based on extracting principal components of range
images by utilizing modified PCA methods namely 2DPCA and
bidirectional 2DPCA also known as (2D) 2 PCA.A preprocessing
stage was implemented on the images to smooth them using median
and Gaussian filtering. In the normalization stage we locate the nose
tip to lay it at the center of images then crop each image to a standard
size of 100*100. In the face recognition stage we extract the principal
component of each image using both 2DPCA and (2D) 2 PCA.
Finally, we use Euclidean distance to measure the minimum distance
between a given test image to the training images in the database. We
also compare the result of using both methods. The best result
achieved by experiments on a public face database shows that 83.3
percent is the rate of face recognition for a random facial expression.
3D face recognition, 2DPCA, (2D) 2 PCA, Rangeimage