A Fast Code Acquisition Scheme for O-CDMA Systems
This paper proposes a fast code acquisition scheme for
optical code division multiple access (O-CDMA) systems. Unlike the
conventional scheme, the proposed scheme employs multiple thresholds
providing a shorter mean acquisition time (MAT) performance.
The simulation results show that the MAT of the proposed scheme
is shorter than that of the conventional scheme.
Optical CDMA, acquisition, MAT, multiple-shift
Spectrum Sensing Based On the Cyclostationarity of PU Signals in High Traffic Environments
In cognitive radio (CR) systems, the primary user (PU) signal would randomly depart or arrive during the sensing period of a CR user, which is referred to as the high traffic environment. In this paper, we propose a novel spectrum sensing scheme based
on the cyclostationarity of PU signals in high traffic environments. Specifically, we obtain a test statistic by applying an estimate of spectral autocoherence function of the PU signal to the generalized- likelihood ratio. From numerical results, it is confirmed that the proposed scheme provides a better spectrum sensing performance compared with the conventional spectrum sensing scheme based on the energy of the PU signals in high traffic environments.
Spectrum sensing, cyclostationarity, high traffic environments.
A Novel Estimation Method for Integer Frequency Offset in Wireless OFDM Systems
Ren et al. presented an efficient carrier frequency offset
(CFO) estimation method for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing
(OFDM), which has an estimation range as large as the
bandwidth of the OFDM signal and achieves high accuracy without
any constraint on the structure of the training sequence. However,
its detection probability of the integer frequency offset (IFO) rapidly
varies according to the fractional frequency offset (FFO) change. In
this paper, we first analyze the Ren-s method and define two criteria
suitable for detection of IFO. Then, we propose a novel method for
the IFO estimation based on the maximum-likelihood (ML) principle
and the detection criteria defined in this paper. The simulation results
demonstrate that the proposed method outperforms the Ren-s method
in terms of the IFO detection probability irrespective of a value of
Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing, integer frequency offset, estimation, training symbol
A Novel Frequency Offset Estimation Scheme for OFDM Systems
In this paper, we propose a novel frequency offset
estimation scheme for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing
(OFDM) systems. By correlating the OFDM signals within the coherence
phase bandwidth and employing a threshold in the frequency
offset estimation process, the proposed scheme is not only robust to
the timing offset but also has a reduced complexity compared with
that of the conventional scheme. Moreover, a timing offset estimation
scheme is also proposed as the next stage of the proposed frequency
offset estimation. Numerical results show that the proposed scheme
can estimate frequency offset with lower computational complexity
and does not require additional memory while maintaining the same
level of estimation performance.
OFDM, frequency offset estimation, threshold.
Novel Schemes of Pilot-Aided Integer Frequency Offset Estimation for OFDM-Based DVB-T Systems
This paper proposes two novel schemes for pilot-aided
integer frequency offset (IFO) estimation in orthogonal frequency
division multiplexing (OFDM)-based digital video broadcastingterrestrial
(DVB-T) systems. The conventional scheme proposed for
estimating the IFO uses only partial information of combinations
that pilots can provide, which stems from a rigorous assumption
that the channel responses of pilots used for estimating the IFO
change very rapidly. Thus, in this paper, we propose the novel IFO
estimation schemes exploiting all information of combinations that
pilots can provide to improve the performance of IFO estimation.
The simulation results show that the proposed schemes are highly
accurate in terms of the IFO detection probability.
OFDM, DVB-T, pilot, IFO, estimation
Bit-Error-Rate Performance Analysis of an Overlap-based CSS System
In a chirp spread spectrum (CSS) system, the overlap
technique is used for increasing bit rate. More overlaps can offer
higher data throughput; however, they may cause more intersymbol
interference (ISI) at the same time, resulting in serious bit error
rate (BER) performance degradation. In this paper, we perform the
BER analysis and derive a closed form BER expression for the
overlap-based CSS system. The derived BER expression includes
the number of overlaps as a parameter, and thus, would be very
useful in determining the number of overlaps for a specified BER.
The numerical results demonstrate that the BER derived in a closed
form closely agrees with the simulated BER.
CSS, DM, chirp, overlap.
A Side-Peak Cancellation Scheme for CBOC Code Acquisition
In this paper, we propose a side-peak cancellation
scheme for code acquisition of composite binary offset carrier
(CBOC) signals. We first model the family of CBOC signals in a
generic form, and then, propose a side-peak cancellation scheme
by combining correlation functions between the divided sub-carrier
and received signals. From numerical results, it is shown that the
proposed scheme removes the side-peak completely, and moreover,
the resulting correlation function demonstrates the better power ratio
performance than the CBOC autocorrelation.
CBOC, side-peak, ambiguity problem, synchronization
The Performance Analysis of CSS-based Communication Systems in the Jamming Environment
Due to its capability to resist jamming signals, chirp
spread spectrum (CSS) technique has attracted much attention in
the area of wireless communications. However, there has been little
rigorous analysis for the performance of the CSS communication
system in jamming environments. In this paper, we present analytic
results on the performance of a CSS system by deriving symbol
error rate (SER) expressions for a CSS M-ary phase shift keying
(MPSK) system in the presence of broadband and tone jamming
signals, respectively. The numerical results show that the empirical
SER closely agrees with the analytic result.
CSS, DM, jamming, broadband jamming, tone jamming.
A Novel Spectrum Sensing Scheme Based on Periodicity of DVB-T Pilot Signals
This paper proposes a novel spectrum sensing technique
for the digital video broadcasting-terrestrial (DVB-T) systems, which
utilizes the periodicity of pilot signals in the orthogonal frequency
division multiplexing (OFDM) symbols. The proposed scheme can
overcome the effect of the timing synchronization error by recorrelating
the correlation values in the same sample distances. The
numerical results demonstrate that the detection probability performance
of the proposed scheme outperforms that of the conventional
scheme when there exists a timing synchronization error.
DVB-T, spectrum sensing, OFDM, timing synchronizationerror.
Frequency Offset Estimation Schemes Based On ML for OFDM Systems in Non-Gaussian Noise Environments
In this paper, frequency offset (FO) estimation schemes
robust to the non-Gaussian noise environments are proposed for
orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. First,
a maximum-likelihood (ML) estimation scheme in non-Gaussian
noise environments is proposed, and then, the complexity of the
ML estimation scheme is reduced by employing a reduced set of
candidate values. In numerical results, it is demonstrated that the
proposed schemes provide a significant performance improvement
over the conventional estimation scheme in non-Gaussian noise
environments while maintaining the performance similar to the
estimation performance in Gaussian noise environments.
Frequency offset estimation, maximum-likelihood,
non-Gaussian noise environment, OFDM, training symbol.
Unambiguous Signal Acquisition Based On Recombination of Sub-Correlations of BOC Signals
Due to side-peaks of autocorrelation function, the binary offset carrier (BOC) signal acquisition suffers from an ambiguity when one of the side-peaks is acquired. In this paper, we first analyze that the BOC autocorrelation is made up of the sum of subcorrelations, and then, remove the side-peaks causing the ambiguity by recombining the sub-correlations. The proposed scheme is shown to remove the side-peaks completely. From numerical results, it is confirmed that the proposed scheme outperforms the conventional schemes in terms of the receiver operating characteristic and mean acquisition time.
Binary offset carrier (BOC), acquisition, ambiguity problem, side-peak.
Distance Estimation for Radar Systems Using DS-UWB Signals
In this paper, we propose a distance estimation scheme
for radar systems using direct sequence ultra wideband (DS-UWB)
signals. The proposed distance estimation scheme averages out the
noise by accumulating the correlator outputs of the radar, and thus,
helps the radar to employ a short-length DS-UWB signal reducing
the correlation processing time. Numerical results confirm that the
proposed distance estimation scheme provides a better estimation
performance and a reduced correlation processing time compared
with those of the conventional DS-UWB radars.
Radar, DS-UWB, distance estimation, correlation accumulation.
ML-Based Blind Frequency Offset Estimation Schemes for OFDM Systems in Non-Gaussian Noise Environments
This paper proposes frequency offset (FO) estimation
schemes robust to the non-Gaussian noise for orthogonal frequency
division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. A maximum-likelihood (ML)
scheme and a low-complexity estimation scheme are proposed by
applying the probability density function of the cyclic prefix of
OFDM symbols to the ML criterion. From simulation results, it is
confirmed that the proposed schemes offer a significant FO estimation
performance improvement over the conventional estimation scheme
in non-Gaussian noise environments.
Frequency offset, cyclic prefix, maximum-likelihood,
non-Gaussian noise, OFDM.
A Cooperative Space-Time Transmission Scheme Based On Symbol Combinations
This paper proposes a cooperative Alamouti space time
transmission scheme with low relay complexity for the cooperative
communication systems. In the proposed scheme, the source node
combines the data symbols to construct the Alamouti-coded form at
the destination node, while the conventional scheme performs the
corresponding operations at the relay nodes. In simulation results,
it is shown that the proposed scheme achieves the second order
cooperative diversity while maintaining the same bit error rate (BER)
performance as that of the conventional scheme.
Space-time transmission, cooperative communication
A Rapid Code Acquisition Scheme in OOC-Based CDMA Systems
We propose a code acquisition scheme called improved
multiple-shift (IMS) for optical code division multiple access
systems, where the optical orthogonal code is used instead of the
pseudo noise code. Although the IMS algorithm has a similar process
to that of the conventional MS algorithm, it has a better code
acquisition performance than the conventional MS algorithm. We
analyze the code acquisition performance of the IMS algorithm and
compare the code acquisition performances of the MS and the IMS
algorithms in single-user and multi-user environments.
Code acquisition, optical CDMA, optical orthogonal
code, serial algorithm.
A Robust Frequency Offset Estimator for Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
We address the integer frequency offset (IFO)
estimation under the influence of the timing offset (TO) in orthogonal
frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. Incorporating the
IFO and TO into the symbol set used to represent the received
OFDM symbol, we investigate the influence of the TO on the IFO,
and then, propose a combining method between two consecutive
OFDM correlations, reducing the influence. The proposed scheme
has almost the same complexity as that of the conventional
schemes, whereas it does not need the TO knowledge contrary to
the conventional schemes. From numerical results it is confirmed
that the proposed scheme is insensitive to the TO, consequently,
yielding an improvement of the IFO estimation performance over
the conventional schemes when the TO exists.
Estimation, integer frequency offset, OFDM, timing
A New IFO Estimation Scheme for Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Systems
We address a new integer frequency offset (IFO)
estimation scheme with an aid of a pilot for orthogonal frequency
division multiplexing systems. After correlating each continual pilot
with a predetermined scattered pilot, the correlation value is again
correlated to alleviate the influence of the timing offset. From
numerical results, it is demonstrated that the influence of the timing
offset on the IFO estimation is significantly decreased.
Estimation, integer frequency offset, OFDM, timing