2

2

10001598

Two New Relative Efficiencies of Linear Weighted Regression

In statistics parameter theory, usually the
parameter estimations have two kinds, one is the least-square
estimation (LSE), and the other is the best linear unbiased
estimation (BLUE). Due to the determining theorem of
minimum variance unbiased estimator (MVUE), the parameter
estimation of BLUE in linear model is most ideal. But since
the calculations are complicated or the covariance is not
given, people are hardly to get the solution. Therefore, people
prefer to use LSE rather than BLUE. And this substitution
will take some losses. To quantize the losses, many scholars
have presented many kinds of different relative efficiencies in
different views. For the linear weighted regression model, this
paper discusses the relative efficiencies of LSE of β to BLUE
of β. It also defines two new relative efficiencies and gives
their lower bounds.

Linear weighted regression, Relative efficiency,
Lower bound, Parameter estimation.

1

10003235

An Estimation of Variance Components in Linear Mixed Model

In this paper, a linear mixed model which has two
random effects is broken up into two models. This thesis gets
the parameter estimation of the original model and an estimation’s
statistical qualities based on these two models. Then many important
properties are given by comparing this estimation with other general
estimations. At the same time, this paper proves the analysis of
variance estimate (ANOVAE) about σ2 of the original model is equal
to the least-squares estimation (LSE) about σ2 of these two models.
Finally, it also proves that this estimation is better than ANOVAE
under Stein function and special condition in some degree.

Linear mixed model, Random effects, Parameter
estimation, Stein function.