A Study on Unidirectional Analog Output Voltage Inverter for Capacitive Load
For Common R or R-L load to apply arbitrary voltage,
the bridge traditional inverters don’t have any difficulties by PWM
method. However for driving some piezoelectric actuator, arbitrary
voltage not a pulse but a steady voltage should be applied.
Piezoelectric load is considered as R-C load and its voltage does not
decrease even though the applied voltage decreases. Therefore it needs
some special inverter with circuit that can discharge the capacitive
energy. Especially for unidirectional arbitrary voltage driving like as
sine wave, it becomes more difficult problem. In this paper, a charge
and discharge circuit for unidirectional arbitrary voltage driving for
piezoelectric actuator is proposed. The circuit has charging and
discharging switches for increasing and decreasing output voltage.
With the proposed simple circuit, the load voltage can have any
unidirectional level with tens of bandwidth because the load voltage
can be adjusted by switching the charging and discharging switch
appropriately. The appropriateness is proved from the simulation of
the proposed circuit.
DC-DC converter, analog output voltage, sinusoidal
drive, piezoelectric load, discharging circuit.
Motor Gear Fault Diagnosis by Current, Noise and Vibration on AC Machine Considering Environment
Lots of motors have been being used in industry.
Therefore many researchers have studied about the failure diagnosis of
motors. In this paper, the effect of measuring environment for
diagnosis of gear fault connected to a motor shaft is studied. The fault
diagnosis is executed through the comparison of normal gear and
abnormal gear. The measured FFT data are compared with the normal
data and analyzed for q-axis current, noise and vibration. For bad and
good environment, the diagnosis results are compared. From these, it
is shown that the bad measuring environment may not be able to detect
exactly the motor gear fault. Therefore it is emphasized that the
measuring environment should be carefully prepared.
Motor fault, Diagnosis, FFT, Vibration, Noise, q-axis
current, measuring environment.
Performance Enhancement of Analog Voltage Inverter with Adaptive Gain Control for Capacitive Load
Piezoelectric actuator is treated as RC load when it is
modeled electrically. For some piezoelectric actuator applications,
arbitrary voltage is required to actuate. Especially for unidirectional
arbitrary voltage driving like as sine wave, some special inverter with
circuit that can charge and discharge the capacitive energy can be
used. In this case, the difference between power supply level and the
object voltage level for RC load is varied. Because the control gain is
constant, the controlled output is not uniform according to the voltage
difference. In this paper, for charge and discharge circuit for
unidirectional arbitrary voltage driving for piezoelectric actuator, the
controller gain is controlled according to the voltage difference. With
the proposed simple idea, the load voltage can have controlled
smoothly although the voltage difference is varied. The
appropriateness is proved from the simulation of the proposed circuit.
Analog voltage inverter, Capacitive load, Gain
control, DC-DC converter, Piezoelectric, Voltage waveform.