An Approach to Solving a Permutation Problem of Frequency Domain Independent Component Analysis for Blind Source Separation of Speech Signals
Independent component analysis (ICA) in the
frequency domain is used for solving the problem of blind source
separation (BSS). However, this method has some problems. For
example, a general ICA algorithm cannot determine the permutation
of signals which is important in the frequency domain ICA. In this
paper, we propose an approach to the solution for a permutation
problem. The idea is to effectively combine two conventional
approaches. This approach improves the signal separation
performance by exploiting features of the conventional approaches.
We show the simulation results using artificial data.
Blind source separation, Independent componentanalysis, Frequency domain, Permutation ambiguity.
Two Stage Control Method Using a Disturbance Observer and a Kalman Filter
This paper describes the two stage control using a disturbance observer and a Kalman filter. The system feedback uses the estimated state when it controls the speed. After the change-over point, its feedback uses the controlled plant output when it controls the position. To change the system continually, a change-over point has to be determined pertinently, and the controlled plant input has to be adjusted by the addition of the appropriate value. The proposed method has noise-reduction effect. It changes the system continually, even if the controlled plant identification has the error. Although the conventional method needs a speed sensor, the proposed method does not need it. The proposed method has a superior robustness compared with the conventional two stage control.
Disturbance observer, kalman filter, optimal control, two stage control.
Control of Chaotic Dynamical Systems using RBF Networks
This paper presents a novel control method based on radial basis function networks (RBFNs) for chaotic dynamical systems. The proposed method first identifies the nonlinear part of the chaotic system off-line and then constructs a model-following controller using only the estimated system parameters. Simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme.
Chaos, nonlinear plant, radial basis function network.
A Fast Directionally Constrained Minimization of Power Algorithm for Extracting a Speech Signal Perpendicular to a Microphone Array
In this paper, an extended method of the directionally constrained minimization of power (DCMP) algorithm for broadband signals is proposed. The DCMP algorithm is one of the useful techniques of extracting a target signal from observed signals of a microphone array system. In the DCMP algorithm, output power of the microphone array is minimized under a constraint of constant responses to directions of arrival (DOAs) of specific signals. In our algorithm, by limiting the directional constraint to the perpendicular direction to the sensor array system, the calculating time is reduced.
Beamformer, directionally constrained minimizationof power, direction of arrival, microphone array.
A Model-following Adaptive Controller for Linear/Nonlinear Plantsusing Radial Basis Function Neural Networks
In this paper, we proposed a method to design a
model-following adaptive controller for linear/nonlinear plants.
Radial basis function neural networks (RBF-NNs), which are known
for their stable learning capability and fast training, are used to
identify linear/nonlinear plants. Simulation results show that the
proposed method is effective in controlling both linear and nonlinear
plants with disturbance in the plant input.
Linear/nonlinear plants, neural networks, radial basisfunction networks.
Enhanced Parallel-Connected Comb Filter Method for Multiple Pitch Estimation
This paper presents an improvement method of
the multiple pitch estimation algorithm using comb filters.
Conventionally the pitch was estimated by using parallel
-connected comb filters method (PCF). However, PCF has
problems which often fail in the pitch estimation when there is
the fundamental frequency of higher tone near harmonics of
lower tone. Therefore the estimation is assigned to a wrong
note when shared frequencies happen. This issue often occurs
in estimating octave 3 or more. Proposed method, for solving
the problem, estimates the pitch with every harmonic instead of
every octave. As a result, our method reaches the accuracy of
more than 80%.
music transcription, pitch estimation, comb filter, fractional delay
Discrete Modified Internal Model Control for a nth-order Plant with an Integrator and Dead-time
This paper deals with a design method of a discrete
modified Internal Model Control (IMC) for a plant with an integrator
and dead time. If there is a load disturbance in the input or output side
of the plant, the proposed control system can eliminate the steady-state
error caused by it. The disturbance compensator in this method is
simple and its order is low regardless of that of a plant. The simulation
studies show that the proposed method has superior performance for a
load disturbance rejection and robustness.
Internal Model Control, Smith Predictor, Dead time,Integrator.
A Servo Control System Using the Loop Shaping Design Procedure
This paper describes an expanded system for a servo
system design by using the Loop Shaping Design Procedure (LSDP).
LSDP is one of the H∞ design procedure. By conducting Loop
Shaping with a compensator and robust stabilization to satisfy the
index function, we get the feedback controller that makes the control
system stable. In this paper, we propose an expanded system for a
servo system design and apply to the DC motor. The proposed method
performs well in the DC motor positioning control. It has no
steady-state error in the disturbance response and it has robust
Loop Shaping Design Procedure (LSDP), servosystem, DC motor.
An Approach for Blind Source Separation using the Sliding DFT and Time Domain Independent Component Analysis
''Cocktail party problem'' is well known as one of the human auditory abilities. We can recognize the specific sound that we want to listen by this ability even if a lot of undesirable sounds or noises are mixed. Blind source separation (BSS) based on independent component analysis (ICA) is one of the methods by which we can separate only a special signal from their mixed signals with simple hypothesis. In this paper, we propose an online approach for blind source separation using the sliding DFT and the time domain independent component analysis. The proposed method can reduce calculation complexity in comparison with conventional methods, and can be applied to parallel processing by using digital signal processors (DSPs) and so on. We evaluate this method and show its availability.
Cocktail party problem, blind Source Separation(BSS), independent component analysis, sliding DFT, onlineprocessing.