|Commenced in January 1999 || Frequency: Monthly || Edition: International|| Paper Count: 8 |
Mathematical, Computational, Physical, Electrical and Computer Engineering
On Uniqueness and Continuous Dependence in the Theory of Micropolar Thermoelastic Mixtures
This paper studies questions of continuous data dependence and uniqueness for solutions of initial boundary value problems in linear micropolar thermoelastic mixtures. Logarithmic convexity arguments are used to establish results with no definiteness assumptions upon the internal energy.
Feasibility Investigation of Near Infrared Spectrometry for Particle Size Estimation of Nano Structures
Determination of nano particle size is substantial since
the nano particle size exerts a significant effect on various properties
of nano materials. Accordingly, proposing non-destructive, accurate
and rapid techniques for this aim is of high interest. There are some
conventional techniques to investigate the morphology and grain size
of nano particles such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM),
atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray diffractometry (XRD).
Vibrational spectroscopy is utilized to characterize different
compounds and applied for evaluation of the average particle size
based on relationship between particle size and near infrared spectra
[1,4] , but it has never been applied in quantitative morphological
analysis of nano materials. So far, the potential application of nearinfrared
(NIR) spectroscopy with its ability in rapid analysis of
powdered materials with minimal sample preparation, has been
suggested for particle size determination of powdered
pharmaceuticals. The relationship between particle size and diffuse
reflectance (DR) spectra in near infrared region has been applied to
introduce a method for estimation of particle size. Back propagation
artificial neural network (BP-ANN) as a nonlinear model was applied
to estimate average particle size based on near infrared diffuse
reflectance spectra. Thirty five different nano TiO2 samples with
different particle size were analyzed by DR-FTNIR spectrometry and
the obtained data were processed by BP- ANN.
A Cell-centered Diffusion Finite Volume Scheme and it's Application to Magnetic Flux Compression Generators
A cell-centered finite volume scheme for discretizing diffusion operators on distorted quadrilateral meshes has recently been designed and added to APMFCG to enable that code to be used as a tool for studying explosive magnetic flux compression generators. This paper describes this scheme. Comparisons with analytic results for 2-D test cases are presented, as well as 2-D results from a test of a "realistic" generator configuration.
A Comparison of Some Splines-Based Methods for the One-dimensional Heat Equation
In this paper, collocation based cubic B-spline and
extended cubic uniform B-spline method are considered for
solving one-dimensional heat equation with a nonlocal initial
condition. Finite difference and θ-weighted scheme is used for
time and space discretization respectively. The stability of the
method is analyzed by the Von Neumann method. Accuracy of
the methods is illustrated with an example. The numerical results
are obtained and compared with the analytical solutions.
Blind Image Deconvolution by Neural Recursive Function Approximation
This work explores blind image deconvolution by recursive function approximation based on supervised learning of neural networks, under the assumption that a degraded image is linear convolution of an original source image through a linear shift-invariant (LSI) blurring matrix. Supervised learning of neural networks of radial basis functions (RBF) is employed to construct an embedded recursive function within a blurring image, try to extract non-deterministic component of an original source image, and use them to estimate hyper parameters of a linear image degradation model. Based on the estimated blurring matrix, reconstruction of an original source image from a blurred image is further resolved by an annealed Hopfield neural network. By numerical simulations, the proposed novel method is shown effective for faithful estimation of an unknown blurring matrix and restoration of an original source image.
Cubic Trigonometric B-Spline Applied to Linear Two-Point Boundary Value Problems of Order Two
Linear two-point boundary value problems of order
two are solved using cubic trigonometric B-spline interpolation
method (CTBIM). Cubic trigonometric B-spline is a piecewise
function consisting of trigonometric equations. This method is tested
on some problems and the results are compared with cubic B-spline
interpolation method (CBIM) from the literature. CTBIM is found to
approximate the solution slightly more accurately than CBIM if the
problems are trigonometric.
A New Approach for Classifying Large Number of Mixed Variables
The issue of classifying objects into one of predefined
groups when the measured variables are mixed with different types
of variables has been part of interest among statisticians in many
years. Some methods for dealing with such situation have been
introduced that include parametric, semi-parametric and nonparametric
approaches. This paper attempts to discuss on a problem
in classifying a data when the number of measured mixed variables is
larger than the size of the sample. A propose idea that integrates a
dimensionality reduction technique via principal component analysis
and a discriminant function based on the location model is discussed.
The study aims in offering practitioners another potential tool in a
classification problem that is possible to be considered when the
observed variables are mixed and too large.
Positive Solutions for a Class of Semipositone Discrete Boundary Value Problems with Two Parameters
In this paper, the existence, multiplicity and
noexistence of positive solutions for a class of semipositone
discrete boundary value problems with two parameters is
studied by applying nonsmooth critical point theory and
sub-super solutions method.