Mathematical, Computational, Physical, Electrical and Computer Engineering

Commenced in January 1999 | Frequency: Monthly | Edition: International | Paper Count: 9 |

9

10005968

Gravitational Frequency Shifts for Photons and Particles

The research, in this case, considers the integration of the Quantum Field Theory and the General Relativity Theory. As two successful models in explaining behaviors of particles, they are incompatible since they work at different masses and scales of energy, with the evidence that regards the description of black holes and universe formation. It is so considering previous efforts in merging the two theories, including the likes of the String Theory, Quantum Gravity models, and others. In a bid to prove an actionable experiment, the paper’s approach starts with the derivations of the existing theories at present. It goes on to test the derivations by applying the same initial assumptions, coupled with several deviations. The resulting equations get similar results to those of classical Newton model, quantum mechanics, and general relativity as long as conditions are normal. However, outcomes are different when conditions are extreme, specifically with no breakdowns even for less than Schwarzschild radius, or at Planck length cases. Even so, it proves the possibilities of integrating the two theories.

8

10005973

Analytical Solutions for Corotational Maxwell Model Fluid Arising in Wire Coating inside a Canonical Die

The present paper applies the optimal homotopy perturbation method (OHPM) and the optimal homotopy asymptotic method (OHAM) introduced recently to obtain analytic approximations of the non-linear equations modeling the flow of polymer in case of wire coating of a corotational Maxwell fluid. Expression for the velocity field is obtained in non-dimensional form. Comparison of the results obtained by the two methods at different values of non-dimensional parameter l10, reveal that the OHPM is more effective and easy to use. The OHPM solution can be improved even working in the same order of approximation depends on the choices of the auxiliary functions.

7

10006052

Stability of Stochastic Model Predictive Control for Schrödinger Equation with Finite Approximation

Recent technological advance has prompted significant
interest in developing the control theory of quantum systems.
Following the increasing interest in the control of quantum
dynamics, this paper examines the control problem of Schrödinger
equation because quantum dynamics is basically governed by
Schrödinger equation. From the practical point of view, stochastic
disturbances cannot be avoided in the implementation of control
method for quantum systems. Thus, we consider here the robust
stabilization problem of Schrödinger equation against stochastic
disturbances. In this paper, we adopt model predictive control method
in which control performance over a finite future is optimized with
a performance index that has a moving initial and terminal time.
The objective of this study is to derive the stability criterion for
model predictive control of Schrödinger equation under stochastic
disturbances.

6

10006198

A Hyperexponential Approximation to Finite-Time and Infinite-Time Ruin Probabilities of Compound Poisson Processes

This article considers the problem of evaluating
infinite-time (or finite-time) ruin probability under a given compound
Poisson surplus process by approximating the claim size distribution
by a finite mixture exponential, say Hyperexponential, distribution. It
restates the infinite-time (or finite-time) ruin probability as a solvable
ordinary differential equation (or a partial differential equation).
Application of our findings has been given through a simulation study.

5

10006334

Topological Sensitivity Analysis for Reconstruction of the Inverse Source Problem from Boundary Measurement

In this paper, we consider a geometric inverse source
problem for the heat equation with Dirichlet and Neumann boundary
data. We will reconstruct the exact form of the unknown source
term from additional boundary conditions. Our motivation is to
detect the location, the size and the shape of source support.
We present a one-shot algorithm based on the Kohn-Vogelius
formulation and the topological gradient method. The geometric
inverse source problem is formulated as a topology optimization
one. A topological sensitivity analysis is derived from a source
function. Then, we present a non-iterative numerical method for the
geometric reconstruction of the source term with unknown support
using a level curve of the topological gradient. Finally, we give
several examples to show the viability of our presented method.

4

10006367

Warning about the Risk of Blood Flow Stagnation after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

In this work, the hemodynamics in the sinuses of Valsalva after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation is numerically examined. We focus on the physical results in the two-dimensional case. We use a finite element methodology based on a Lagrange multiplier technique that enables to couple the dynamics of blood flow and the leaflets’ movement. A massively parallel implementation of a monolithic and fully implicit solver allows more accuracy and significant computational savings. The elastic properties of the aortic valve are disregarded, and the numerical computations are performed under physiologically correct pressure loads. Computational results depict that blood flow may be subject to stagnation in the lower domain of the sinuses of Valsalva after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation.

3

10006556

Moment Estimators of the Parameters of Zero-One Inflated Negative Binomial Distribution

In this paper, zero-one inflated negative binomial distribution is considered, along with some of its structural properties, then its parameters were estimated using the method of moments. It is found that the method of moments to estimate the parameters of the zero-one inflated negative binomial models is not a proper method and may give incorrect conclusions.

2

10006623

Consensus of Multi-Agent Systems under the Special Consensus Protocols

Two consensus problems are considered in this
paper. One is the consensus of linear multi-agent systems with
weakly connected directed communication topology. The other
is the consensus of nonlinear multi-agent systems with strongly
connected directed communication topology. For the first problem,
a simplified consensus protocol is designed: Each child agent can
only communicate with one of its neighbors. That is, the real
communication topology is a directed spanning tree of the original
communication topology and without any cycles. Then, the necessary
and sufficient condition is put forward to the multi-agent systems can
be reached consensus. It is worth noting that the given conditions do
not need any eigenvalue of the corresponding Laplacian matrix of the
original directed communication network. For the second problem,
the feedback gain is designed in the nonlinear consensus protocol.
Then, the sufficient condition is proposed such that the systems can
be achieved consensus. Besides, the consensus interval is introduced
and analyzed to solve the consensus problem. Finally, two numerical
simulations are included to verify the theoretical analysis.

1

10006686

Group Invariant Solutions of Nonlinear Time-Fractional Hyperbolic Partial Differential Equation

In this paper, we have investigated the nonlinear
time-fractional hyperbolic partial differential equation (PDE) for
its symmetries and invariance properties. With the application of
this method, we have tried to reduce it to time-fractional ordinary
differential equation (ODE) which has been further studied for exact
solutions.