|Commenced in January 1999 || Frequency: Monthly || Edition: International|| Paper Count: 4 |
Medical, Health, Biomedical, Bioengineering and Pharmaceutical Engineering
A Novel Compression Algorithm for Electrocardiogram Signals based on Wavelet Transform and SPIHT
Electrocardiogram (ECG) data compression algorithm
is needed that will reduce the amount of data to be transmitted, stored
and analyzed, but without losing the clinical information content. A
wavelet ECG data codec based on the Set Partitioning In Hierarchical
Trees (SPIHT) compression algorithm is proposed in this paper. The
SPIHT algorithm has achieved notable success in still image coding.
We modified the algorithm for the one-dimensional (1-D) case and
applied it to compression of ECG data.
By this compression method, small percent root mean square
difference (PRD) and high compression ratio with low
implementation complexity are achieved. Experiments on selected
records from the MIT-BIH arrhythmia database revealed that the
proposed codec is significantly more efficient in compression and in
computation than previously proposed ECG compression schemes.
Compression ratios of up to 48:1 for ECG signals lead to acceptable
results for visual inspection.
Stable Robust Adaptive Controller and Observer Design for a Class of SISO Nonlinear Systems with Unknown Dead Zone
This paper presents a new stable robust adaptive controller and observer design for a class of nonlinear systems that contain i. Coupling of unmeasured states and unknown parameters ii. Unknown dead zone at the system actuator. The system is firstly cast into a modified form in which the observer and parameter estimation become feasible. Then a stable robust adaptive controller, state observer, parameter update laws are derived that would provide global adaptive system stability and desirable performance. To validate the approach, simulation was performed to a single-link mechanical system with a dynamic friction model and unknown dead zone exists at the system actuation. Then a comparison is presented with the results when there is no dead zone at the system actuation.
Force Analysis of an Automated Rapid Maxillary Expansion (ARME) Appliance
An Automated Rapid Maxillary Expander (ARME) is
a specially designed microcontroller-based orthodontic appliance to
overcome the shortcomings imposed by the traditional maxillary
expansion appliances. This new device is operates by automatically
widening the maxilla (upper jaw) by expanding the midpalatal suture
. The ARME appliance that has been developed is a combination
of modified butterfly expander appliance, micro gear, micro motor,
and microcontroller to automatically produce light and continuous
pressure to expand the maxilla. For this study, the functionality of the
system is verified through laboratory tests by measure the forced
applied to the teeth each time the maxilla expands. The laboratory
test results show that the developed appliance meets the desired
performance specifications consistently.
A Study of Visual Attention in Diagnosing Cerebellar Tumours
Visual attention allows user to select the most relevant
information to ongoing behaviour. This paper presents a study on; i)
the performance of people measurements, ii) accurateness of people
measurement of the peaks that correspond to chemical quantities
from the Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) graphs and iii)
affects of people measurements to the algorithm-based diagnosis.
Participant-s eye-movement was recorded using eye-tracker tool
(Eyelink II). This experiment involves three participants for
examining 20 MRS graphs to estimate the peaks of chemical
quantities which indicate the abnormalities associated with
Cerebellar Tumours (CT). The status of each MRS is verified by
using decision algorithm. Analysis involves determination of
humans-s eye movement pattern in measuring the peak of
spectrograms, scan path and determining the relationship of
distributions of fixation durations with the accuracy of measurement.
In particular, the eye-tracking data revealed which aspects of the
spectrogram received more visual attention and in what order they
were viewed. This preliminary investigation provides a proof of
concept for use of the eye tracking technology as the basis for
expanded CT diagnosis.