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Prediction Modeling of Compression Properties of a Knitted Sportswear Fabric Using Response Surface Method
Different knitted structures and knitted parameters play a vital role in the stretch and recovery management of compression sportswear in addition to the materials use to generate this stretch and recovery behavior of the fabric. The present work was planned to predict the different performance indicators of a compression sportswear fabric with some ground parameters i.e. base yarn stitch length (polyester as base yarn and spandex as plating yarn involve to make a compression fabric) and linear density of the spandex which is a key material of any sportswear fabric. The prediction models were generated by response surface method for performance indicators such as stretch & recovery percentage, compression generated by the garment on body, total elongation on application of high power force and load generated on certain percentage extension in fabric. Certain physical properties of the fabric were also modeled using these two parameters.
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[1] M Senthilkumar and N. Anbumani, “Elastic knitted fabrics for tight fit sportswear,” The Indian Textile Journal.” vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 1-6
[2] M. Hassan, K. Qashqary, H. A. Hassan, E. Shady, and M. Alansary, “Influence of Sportswear Fabric Properties on the Health and Performance of Athletes.” Fibres and Textiles, vol. 20, pp. 82–88.
[3] S. Basant, Tripti; Gahlot, Manisha; Mehtab, “Sportswear or Active wear- An Overview,” Man-Made Textiles in India, vol. 41, pp. 192–196.
[4] B. A MacRae, J. D Cotter and R. M Laing, “Compression garments and exercise: garment considerations, physiology and performance.” Sports Medicine, pp. 815–845.
[5] T. Dias, D. Yahathugoda, A. Fernando, and S. K. Mukhopadhyay, “Modelling the Interface Pressure Applied by Knitted Structures Designed for Medical-textile Applications,” Journal of Textile. Institute, vol. 94, no. 3–4, pp. 77–86.
[6] W. J. Kraemer et al, “Influence of Compression Garments on Vertical Jump Performance in NCAA Division I Volleyball Players,” The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 180–183.
[7] W. Kemmler, S. Stengel, J. Mayhew, A. Wassermann and J. Zapf, “Effect of compression stocking on running performance in male runners,” The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 101-105.
[8] J. Umar, T. Hussain, M. Maqsood, “Modeling the mechanical and compression properties of polyamide/elastane knitted fabrics used in compression sportswear,” Journal of Textile Institute, vol. 106, pp. 1–13.
[9] M. M. A. Haji, “Physical and Mechanical Properties of Cotton / Spandex Fabrics," Apparel and Knitwear, pp. 52–55.
[10] J. Abramavičiūtė, D. Mikučionienė, and R. Čiukas, “Structure Properties of Knits from Natural Yarns and their Combination with Elastane and Polyamide Threads,” Materials Engineering, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–4.
[11] M. Senthilkumar, S. Sounderraj, and N. Anbumani, “Effect of Spandex Input Tension, Spandex Linear Density and Cotton Yarn Loop Length on Dynamic Elastic Behavior of Cotton/Spandex Knitted Fabrics,” Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1–16.
[12] S. B. Abdessalem, Y. B. Abdelkader, S. Mokhtar, and S. Elmarzougui, “Influence of Elastane Consumption on Plated Plain Knitted Fabric Characteristics,” Journal of Engineered Fibres and Fabrics, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 30–35.
[13] E. Maklewska, A. Nawrocki, and J. Ledwoń and K. Kowalski, “Modelling and Designing of Knitted Products Used in Compressive Therapy,” Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 111–113.
[14] N. Yildiz, “A novel technique to determine pressure in pressure garments for hypertrophic burn scars and comfort properties,” Burns, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 59–64.
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