Open Science Research Excellence
@article{(International Science Index):http://waset.org/publications/15858,
  title    = {Audio Watermarking Using Spectral Modifications},
  author    = {Jyotsna Singh and  Parul Garg and  Alok Nath De},
  country   = {},
  institution={},
  abstract  = {In this paper, we present a non-blind technique of
adding the watermark to the Fourier spectral components of audio
signal in a way such that the modified amplitude does not exceed the
maximum amplitude spread (MAS). This MAS is due to individual
Discrete fourier transform (DFT) coefficients in that particular frame,
which is derived from the Energy Spreading function given by
Schroeder. Using this technique one can store double the information
within a given frame length i.e. overriding the watermark on the
host of equal length with least perceptual distortion. The watermark
is uniformly floating on the DFT components of original signal.
This helps in detecting any intentional manipulations done on the
watermarked audio. Also, the scheme is found robust to various signal
processing attacks like presence of multiple watermarks, Additive
white gaussian noise (AWGN) and mp3 compression.},
  {International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering },  volume    = {3},
  number    = {11},
  year      = {2009},
  pages     = {2207 - 2211},
  ee        = {http://waset.org/publications/15858},
  url       = {http://waset.org/Publications?p=35},
  bibsource = {http://waset.org/Publications},
  issn      = {eISSN:1307-6892},
  publisher = {World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology},
  index     = {International Science Index 35, 2009},
}