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10003792
Climate Adaptive Building Shells for Plus-Energy-Buildings, Designed on Bionic Principles
Abstract:
Six peculiar architecture designs from the Frankfurt University will be discussed within this paper and their future potential of the adaptable and solar thin-film sheets implemented facades will be shown acting and reacting on climate/solar changes of their specific sites. The different aspects, as well as limitations with regard to technical and functional restrictions, will be named.  The design process for a “multi-purpose building”, a “high-rise building refurbishment” and a “biker’s lodge” on the river Rheine valley, has been critically outlined and developed step by step from an international studentship towards an overall energy strategy, that firstly had to push the design to a plus-energy building and secondly had to incorporate bionic aspects into the building skins design. Both main parameters needed to be reviewed and refined during the whole design process. Various basic bionic approaches have been given [e.g. solar ivy TM, flectofin TM or hygroskin TM, which were to experiment with, regarding the use of bendable photovoltaic thin film elements being parts of a hybrid, kinetic façade system.
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References:

[1] J. Knippers, J. Lienhard, S. Schleicher, S. Poppinga, T. Masselter, L. Müller, J. Sartori, T. Speck, M. Milwich; flectofinTM: A Hinge-less Flapping Mechanism Inspired by Nature; ITKE- Institut für Tragkonstruktionen und konstruktives Entwerfen, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, University Stuttgart, Germany.
[2] S.M.I.T. (Sustainably Minded Interactive Technology); Solar IvyTM, New York, USA; 2011.
[3] W. Nachtigall; Baubionik, Natur- Analogien- Technik; Springer-Verlag, Berlin 2003.
[4] W. Nachtigall; Bionik, Grundlagen und Beispiele für Ingenieure und Naturwissenschaftler, Springer-Verlag, Berlin 2002.
[5] K. Korpa, E5-Design – Biker Lodge Bingen, FRA-UAS Frankfurt/Main, Germany; Design-Studies 2014.
[6] M. Aubertin, E5-Design – Biker Lodge Bingen, FRA-UAS Frankfurt/Main, Germany; Design-Studies 2014.
[7] A. Dellert, E5-Design – Biker Lodge Bingen, FRA-UAS Frankfurt/Main, Germany; Design-Studies 2014.
[8] S. Frischholz, E5-Design – Biker Lodge Bingen, FRA-UAS Frankfurt/Main, Germany; Design-Studies 2014.
[9] M. Müller, E5-Design – High Rise Revisited Mainz, FRA-UAS Frankfurt/Main, Germany; Design-Studies 2014.
[10] H. Dittmar, E5-Design – High Rise Revisited Mainz, FRA-UAS Frankfurt/Main, Germany; Design-Studies 2014.
[11] U. Neverbickaite, E5-Design – High Rise Revisited Mainz, FRA-UAS Frankfurt/Main, Germany; Design-Studies 2014.
[12] A. Menges, O.D. Krieg, Steffen Reichert; HygroSkin- Meteorosensitiver Pavilion für FRAC Centre Orleans; ICD-Institute of Computational Design, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, University Stuttgart, Germany; 2012.
[13] D.H. Braun, Dissertation- Bionisch inspirierte Gebäudehüllen; IBK2-Institute for Building Construction, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, University Stuttgart, Germany; 2008, pp.186-187 and pp.293-306 and pp.365.
[14] A. Hammer, Feasibility studies of photovoltaic and bionic aspects of future energy-generating building skins, Conference proceedings of the 9th Energy Forum on Advanced Building Skins, Bresannone, Italy; 2014.
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