Investigation of the Effect of Teaching a Thinking and Research Lesson by Cooperative and Traditional Methods on the Creativity of Sixth Grade Students
The present study investigates the effect of teaching a Thinking and Research lesson by cooperative and traditional methods on the creativity of sixth-grade students in Piranshahr province. The statistical society includes all the sixth-grade students of Piranshahr province. The sample of this studytable was selected by available sampling from among male elementary schools of Piranshahr. They were randomly assigned into two groups of cooperative teaching method and traditional teaching method. The design of the study is quasi-experimental with a control group. In this study, to assess students’ creativity, Abedi’s creativity questionnaire was used. Based on Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, the reliability of the factor flow was 0.74, innovation was 0.61, flexibility was 0.63, and expansion was 0.68. To analyze the data, t-test, univariate and multivariate covariance analysis were used for evaluation of the difference of means and the pretest and posttest scores. The findings of the research showed that cooperative teaching method does not significantly increase creativity (p > 0.05). Moreover, cooperative teaching method was found to have significant effect on flow factor (p < 0.05), but in innovation and expansion factors no significant effect was observed (p < 0.05).
 Mofidi, F. (2004). Education, Preschool and Elementary School, Tehran, Payame Noor Publications.
 Sam Khanian, m. (2005). Creativity and innovation at the company. Tehran: Spand Art Publishing.
 Hosseini, A (2002). The nature of creativity and ways to cultivate it. Mashhad: Astan Quds.
 Hosseini, A. (1997). What is creativity and what role does the school play in its cultivation? Journal of Psychology and Science Educational (University of Tehran), No. 57, Spring. Pp. 52-73:
 Shabani, Hassan (2011). Educational skills (methods and teaching techniques). Volume 2 & 1, Tehran: Position.
 Soleiman poor, J; Fardi, M. (2004). Providing a model for establishing healthy classroom management. Quarterly Journal of Educational Psychology No. 12. Volume 4.24-48.
 Srinivas, H. (2010). Collaborative Learning. Available from: http:// www.gdrc.org/kmgmt/c-learn/index.html.
 thinking and research teaching guide, (2012). Ministry of Education. Tehran.
 Nasr isfahani, a. (2008). Effective factors in teaching quality. Journal of Education, No.7. volume 4.31-51.
 Ghooshly, Abdolhamid (2005). The Effect of Teaching Sinatheques with Traditional Teaching Methods on General Creativity and Creativity. Department of Psychology, University of Ahvaz
 Abedi, a (1996). Talents and creativity skills and ways to test and educate them, translated by Hasan Ghasem zadeh, Tehran: New World Publishing.
 Araz Zadeh M, Kadivar p. (2011). Investigating the Effects of Creative Self-Education Training on Increasing Students' Creativity, The Paper presented at the Conference on Educational Methods. Tarbiat University of Rajai.
 Guneysua, S., Tekmen, B. (2010). Implementing an alternative cooperative learning method. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5670–5674.
 Rasooli, r; Zandanian, A, Fakhrasadat; P (2012). Comparison of the Effect of Participatory Learning Methods on Thought Creative and Educational Progress in the Profession and Fan of Students of the Third Daughter of Yazd City. New Educational Ideas, Faculty of Educational Sciences.And Psychology of Al-Zahra University, 8 (4), 82-29.
 Johnson, D., & Radolph., A. (2001). .beyond social promotion and retention - five strategies to help student succed. NapervillIL: Learning point associates. Available at: http:// www. Learning .org/pages/cl.hatml.