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Commenced in January 2007 Frequency: Monthly Edition: International Publications Count: 29847

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Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism
Economic development and globalization of international markets have created a favourable atmosphere for the emergence of new forms of crime such as money laundering or financing of terrorism, which may contribute to destabilized and damage economic systems. In particular, money laundering have acquired great importance since the 11S attacks, what has caused on the one hand, the establishment and development of preventive measures and, on the other hand, a progressive hardening of penal measures. Since then, the regulations imposed to fight against money laundering have been viewed as key components also in the fight against terrorist financing. Terrorism, at the beginning, was a “national” crime connected with internal problems of the State (for instance the RAF in Germany or ETA in Spain) but in the last 20 years has started to be an international problem that is connected with the defence and security of the States. Therefore, the new strategic concept for the defense and security of NATO has a comprehensive list of security threats to the Alliance, such as terrorism, international instability, money laundering or attacks on cyberspace, among others. With this new concept, money laundering and terrorism has become a priority in the national defense. In this work we will analyze the methods to combat these new threats to the national security. We will study the preventive legislations to combat money laundering and financing of terrorism, the UIF that exchange information between States, and the hawala-Banking.
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[1] Barnier, M., 2013. Anti-Money Laundering: Stronger rules to respond to new threats. European Commission Press Release. rapid/press-release_IP-13-87_en.htm accessed July 10, 2013)
[2] Campón Domínguez J.A., 2004. El blanqueo de capitales y la financiación del terrorismo como amenazas a la seguridad. Cuadernos de la Guardia Civil: Revista de seguridad pública, ISSN 1136-4645, Nº 30, pp. 119-144
[3] Cano Paños, M.A., 2008. Los inicios de la lucha antiterrorista en Alemania. Revista Electrónica de Ciencia Penal y Criminológica, p. 1-31 (accessed July 10, 2013)
[4] Enders, W., Sandler, T. 2002. Patterns of Transnational Terrorism, 1970-1999: Alternative Time-Series Estimates, International Studies Quarterly, 46(2), 145-165.
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