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Nearly Zero-Energy Regulation and Buildings Built with Prefabricated Technology: The Case of Hungary
There is an urgent need nowadays to reduce energy demand and the current level of greenhouse gas emission and use renewable energy sources increase in energy efficiency. On the other hand, the European Union (EU) countries are largely dependent on energy imports and are vulnerable to disruption in energy supply, which may, in turn, threaten the functioning of their current economic structure. Residential buildings represent a significant part of the energy consumption of the building stock. Only a small part of the building stock is exchanged every year, thus it is essential to increase the energy efficiency of the existing buildings. Present paper focuses on the buildings built with industrialized technology only, and their opportunities in the boundaries of nearly zero-energy regulation. Current paper shows the emergence of panel construction method, and past and present of the ‘panel’ problem in Hungary with a short outlook to Europe. The study shows as well as the possibilities for meeting the nearly zero and cost optimized requirements for residential buildings by analyzing the renovation scenarios of an existing residential typology.
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[1] P. Birghoffer, A panelos lakóépületek felújítása. Budapest: Műszaki Könyvkiadó, 1994, pp. 16-28.
[2] A. Dési, Panelkalauz. Budapest: Építésügyi Tájékoztatási Központ, 1996, pp. 11-22.
[3] G. Csermely, Iparosított technológiával készült épületek felújítása. Budapest: ÉMI Kht., 2005, pp. 9-14.
[4] Központi Statisztikai Hivatal, 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS – 12. Lakásviszonyok. Budapest: KSH, 2014, pp. 52-53. (Hungarian Statistical Office, NEGLIGENCE IN 2011. – 12. Housing conditions) Source: (Last downloaded: 2017.03.18).
[5] A. Talamon, T. Csoknyai, “Monitoring of a performance-oriented policy model for retrofitting ‘panel buildings’’ Environmental Engineering & Management Journal 10 (9), pp. 1355-1362, 2011.
[6] A. Talamon et al., ‘Nearly Zero-Energy Buildings & Buildings Built with Industrialized Technology: The Case of Hungary’, Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 824, pp. 469-476, 2016.
[7] Nemzeti Épületenergetikai Stratégia (National Building Energy Strategy), Budapest, 2015. Source: (Last downloaded: 2017.12.16).
[8] Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings. Source: (Last downloaded: 2017.06.03).
[9] 7/2006. (V. 24.) TNM rendelet: Az épületek energetikai jellemzőinek meghatározásáról (Minister without Portfolio Decree No. 7/2006. (V. 24.) TNM on the establishment of energy characteristics of buildings) Source: (Last downloaded: 2018.03.02.)
[10] T. Csoknyai, et al, A Hazai Lakóépület Állomány Tipológiája (Tabula/Episcope Project, HUN: National Typology of Residential Buildings in Hungary). Budapest, 2014. Source: (Last downloaded: 2017.02.15).
[11] Economidou, M., Europe's buildings under the microscope. Bruxelles: Buildings Performance Institute Europe (BPIE), 2001, pp. 8-9.
[12] Z. Zorkóczy, Miért volt szükség egységes európai szabályozásra? Hol tart Magyarország a gyakorlatban? (Why was there a need for a single European regulation? Where does Hungary practice in practice?) Budapest, 2016. Épületenergetikai forradalom előtt állunk! konferencia (We are at the Building Energy Revolution! conference).
[13] Hermelink, A., A Retrofit for Sustainability: Meeting Occupants' Needs Within Environmental Limits. Submitted in Proceedings of the 14th ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Building, 2006.
[14] (Last downloaded: 2017.03.05).
[15] (Last downloaded: 2017.03.06).
[16] 176/2008. (VI. 30.) Korm. rendelet az épületek energetikai jellemzőinek tanúsításáról (Government Decree No. 176/2008. (VI. 30.) on the certification of the energy performance of buildings) Source: (Last downloaded: 2017.03.02).
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