CFD Simulations of Flow in Capillary Flow Liquid Acquisition Device Channel
Future space vehicles will require the use of non-toxic, cryogenic propellants, because of the performance advantages over the toxic hypergolic propellants and also because of the environmental and handling concerns. A prototypical capillary flow liquid acquisition device (LAD) for cryogenic propellants was fabricated with a mesh screen, covering a rectangular flow channel with a cylindrical outlet tube, and was tested with liquid oxygen (LOX). In order to better understand the performance in various gravity environments and orientations with different submersion depths of the LAD, a series of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of LOX flow through the LAD screen channel, including horizontally and vertically submersions of the LAD channel assembly at normal gravity environment was conducted. Gravity effects on the flow field in LAD channel are inspected and analyzed through comparing the simulations.
Liquid acquisition device, cryogenic propellants,
CFD simulation, vertically submerged screen channel, gravity effects.
CFD simulation of Pressure Drops in Liquid Acquisition Device Channel with Sub-Cooled Oxygen
In order to better understand the performance of
screen channel liquid acquisition devices (LADs) in liquid oxygen (LOX), a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of LOX passing through a LAD screen channel was conducted. In the
simulation, the screen is taken as a 'porous jump' where the pressure
drop across the screen depends on the incoming velocity and is formulated by Δp = Av + Bv2
. The CFD simulation reveals the importance of the pressure losses due to the flow entering from
across the screen and impacting and merging with the channel flow
and the vortices in the channel to the cumulative flow resistance. In fact, both the flow resistance of flows impact and mergence and the
resistance created by vortices are much larger than the friction and dynamic pressure losses in the channel and are comparable to the
flow resistance across the screen. Therefore, these resistances in the
channel must be considered as part of the evaluation for the LAD
channel performance. For proper operation of a LAD in LOX these resistances must be less than the bubble point pressure for the screen
channel in LOX. The simulation also presents the pressure and velocity distributions within the LAD screen channel, expanding the understanding of the fluid flow characteristics within the channel.
Liquid acquisition devices, liquid oxygen, pressure drop, vortex, bubble point, flow rate limitation.