Laser-Ultrasonic Method for Measuring the Local Elastic Moduli of Porous Isotropic Composite Materials
The laser-ultrasonic method is realized for
quantifying the influence of porosity on the local Young’s
modulus of isotropic composite materials. The method is based on
a laser thermooptical method of ultrasound generation combined
with measurement of the phase velocity of longitudinal and shear
acoustic waves in samples. The main advantage of this method
compared with traditional ultrasonic research methods is the
efficient generation of short and powerful probing acoustic pulses
required for reliable testing of ultrasound absorbing and
scattering heterogeneous materials. Using as an example samples
of a metal matrix composite with reinforcing microparticles of
silicon carbide in various concentrations, it is shown that to
provide an effective increase in Young’s modulus with increasing
concentration of microparticles, the porosity of the final sample
should not exceed 2%.
Laser ultrasonic, longitudinal and shear ultrasonic
waves, porosity, composite, local elastic moduli.
Laser Ultrasonic Diagnostics and Acoustic Emission Technique for Examination of Rock Specimens under Uniaxial Compression
Laboratory studies of the stress-strain behavior of rocks specimens were conducted by using acoustic emission and laser-ultrasonic diagnostics. The sensitivity of the techniques allowed changes in the internal structure of the specimens under uniaxial compressive load to be examined at micro- and macro scales. It was shown that microcracks appear in geologic materials when the stress level reaches about 50% of breaking strength. Also, the characteristic stress of the main crack formation was registered in the process of single-stage compression of rocks. On the base of laser-ultrasonic echoscopy, 2D visualization of the internal structure of rocky soil specimens was realized, and the microcracks arising during uniaxial compression were registered.
Acoustic emission, geomaterial, laser ultrasound, uniaxial compression.