Excellence in Research and Innovation for Humanity

ICSM 2017 : 19th International Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing

Bangkok, Thailand
December 18 - 19, 2017

1097
[Keynote Talk]: Production Flow Coordination on Supply Chains: Brazilian Case Studies
Author: Prof. Dr. Maico Roris Severino
Institution: Federal University of Goiás
Conference: ICSCLE 2017 : 19th International Conference on Supply Chain and Logistics Engineering
Dates:Dec 11-12, 2017
Location:Rome, Italy
Abstract:
One of the biggest barriers that companies find nowadays is the coordination of production flow in their Supply Chains (SC). In this study, coordination is understood as a mechanism for incorporating the entire production channel, with everyone involved focused on achieving the same goals. Sometimes, this coordination is attempted by the use of logistics practices or production plan and control methods. No papers were found in the literature that presented the combined use of logistics practices and production plan and control methods. The main objective of this paper is to propose solutions for six case studies combining logistics practices and Ordering Systems (OS). The methodology used in this study was a conceptual model of decision making. This model contains six phases: a) the analysis the types and characteristics of relationships in the SC; b) the choice of the OS; c) the choice of the logistics practices; d) the development of alternative proposals of combined use; e) the analysis of the consistency of the chosen alternative; f) the qualitative and quantitative assessment of the impact on the coordination of the production flow and the verification of applicability of the proposal in the real case. This study was conducted on six Brazilian SC of different sectors: footwear, food and beverages, garment, sugarcane, mineral and metal mechanical. The results from this study showed that there was improvement in the coordination of the production flow through the following proposals: a) for the footwear industry the use of Period Bath Control (PBC), Quick Response (QR) and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP); b) for the food and beverage sector firstly the use of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), ERP, Continuous Replenishment (CR) and Drum-Buffer-Rope Order (DBR) (for situations in which the plants of both companies are distant), and secondly EDI, ERP, Milk-Run and Review System Continues (for situations in which the plants of both companies are close); c) for the garment industry the use of Collaborative Planning, Forecasting, and Replenishment (CPFR) and Constant Work-In-Process (CONWIP) System; d) for the sugarcane sector the use of EDI, ERP and CONWIP System; e) for the mineral processes industry the use of Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI), EDI and MaxMin Control System; f) for the metal mechanical sector the use of CONWIP System and Continuous Replenishment (CR). It should be emphasized that the proposals are exclusively recommended for the relationship between client and supplier studied. Therefore, it cannot be generalized to other cases. However, what can be generalized is the methodology used to choose the best practices for each case. Based on the study, it can be concluded that the combined use of OS and logistics practices enable a better coordination of flow production on SC.

2304
[Keynote Talk]: Animation of Objects on the Website by Application of CSS3 Language
Author: Prof. Dr. Vladimir Simovic
Institution: University North
Conference: ICDSIM 2017 : 19th International Conference on Data System and Information Management
Dates:Dec 11-12, 2017
Location:Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Abstract:
Scientific work analytically explores and demonstrates techniques that can animate objects and geometric characters using CSS3 language by applying proper formatting and positioning of elements. This paper presents examples of optimum application of the CSS3 descriptive language when generating general web animations (e.g., billiards and movement of geometric characters, etc.). The paper presents analytically, the optimal development and animation design with the frames within which the animated objects are. The originally developed content is based on the upgrading of existing CSS3 descriptive language animations with more complex syntax and project-oriented work. The purpose of the developed animations is to provide an overview of the interactive features of CSS3 descriptive language design for computer games and the animation of important analytical data based on the web view. It has been analytically demonstrated that CSS3 as a descriptive language allows inserting of various multimedia elements into websites for public and internal sites.

4386
[Keynote Talk]: Existence of Random Fixed Point Theorem for Contractive Mappings
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dilip Palimkar
Institution: Vasantrao Naik College ,Nanded.
Conference: ICAM 2017 : 19th International Conference on Applied Mathematics
Dates:Nov 29-30, 2017
Location:Bangkok, Thailand
Abstract:
Random fixed point theory has received much attention in recent years, and it is needed for the study of various classes of random equations. The study of random fixed point theorems was initiated by the Prague school of probabilistic in the 1950s. The existence and uniqueness of fixed points for the self-maps of a metric space by altering distances between the points with the use of a control function is an interesting aspect in the classical fixed point theory. In a new category of fixed point problems for a single self-map with the help of a control function that alters the distance between two points in a metric space which they called an altering distance function. In this paper, we prove the results of existence of random common fixed point and its uniqueness for a pair of random mappings under weakly contractive condition for generalizing alter distance function in polish spaces using Random Common Fixed Point Theorem for Generalized Weakly Contractions.

1052
[Keynote Talk]: Bioactive Cyclic Dipeptides of Microbial Origin in Discovery of Cytokine Inhibitors
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. A. Sajeli Begum
Institution: Birla Institute of Technology and Science
Conference: ICDDT 2017 : 19th International Conference on Drug Development Technology
Dates:Oct 16-17, 2017
Location:Dubai, UAE
Abstract:
Cyclic dipeptides are simple diketopiperazine derivatives being investigated by several scientists for their biological effects which include anticancer, antimicrobial, haematological, anticonvulsant, immunomodulatory effect, etc. They are potentially active microbial metabolites having been synthesized too, for developing into drug candidates. Cultures of Pseudomonas species have earlier been reported to produce cyclic dipeptides, helping in quorum sensing signals and bacterial–host colonization phenomena during infections, causing cell anti-proliferation and immunosuppression. Fluorescing Pseudomonas species have been identified to secrete lipid derivatives, peptides, pyrroles, phenazines, indoles, aminoacids, pterines, pseudomonic acids and some antibiotics. In the present work, results of investigation on the cyclic dipeptide metabolites secreted by the culture broth of Pseudomonas species as potent pro-inflammatory cytokine inhibitors are discussed. The bacterial strain was isolated from the rhizospheric soil of groundnut crop and identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa by 16S rDNA sequence (GenBank Accession No. KT625586). Culture broth of this strain was prepared by inoculating into King’s B broth and incubating at 30 ºC for 7 days. The ethyl acetate extract of culture broth was prepared and lyophilized to get a dry residue (EEPA). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ELISA assay proved the inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) secretion in culture supernatant of RAW 264.7 cells by EEPA (IC50 38.8 μg/mL). The effect of oral administration of EEPA on plasma TNF-α level in rats was tested by ELISA kit. The LPS mediated plasma TNF-α level was reduced to 45% with 125 mg/kg dose of EEPA. Isolation of the chemical constituents of EEPA through column chromatography yielded ten cyclic dipeptides, which were characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopic techniques. These cyclic dipeptides are biosynthesized in microorganisms by multifunctional assembly of non-ribosomal peptide synthases and cyclic dipeptide synthase. Cyclo (Gly-L-Pro) was found to be more potentially (IC50 value 4.5 μg/mL) inhibiting TNF-α production followed by cyclo (trans-4-hydroxy-L-Pro-L-Phe) (IC50 value 14.2 μg/mL) and the effect was equal to that of standard immunosuppressant drug, prednisolone. Further, the effect was analyzed by determining mRNA expression of TNF-α in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages using quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. EEPA and isolated cyclic dipeptides demonstrated diminution of TNF-α mRNA expression levels in a dose-dependent manner under the tested conditions. Also, they were found to control the expression of other pro-inflammatory cytokines like IL-1β and IL-6, when tested through their mRNA expression levels in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages under LPS-stimulated conditions. In addition, significant inhibition effect was found on Nitric oxide production. Further all the compounds exhibited weak toxicity to LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells. Thus the outcome of the study disclosed the effectiveness of EEPA and the isolated cyclic dipeptides in down-regulating key cytokines involved in pathophysiology of autoimmune diseases.In another study led by the investigators, microbial cyclic dipeptides were found to exhibit excellent antimicrobial effect against Fusarium moniliforme which is an important causative agent of Sorghum grain mold disease. Thus, cyclic dipeptides are emerging small molecular drug candidates for various autoimmune diseases.

1015
[Keynote Talk]: Different Trace Elements Profile in Healthy Patients Compared with Metabolic Syndrome without Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Author: Prof. Dr. Armando Gomez
Institution: University of Guanajuato
Conference: ICPHCMS 2017 : 19th International Conference on Prehypertension, Hypertension and Cardio Metabolic Syndrome
Dates:Oct 09-10, 2017
Location:Osaka, Japan

1015
[Keynote Talk]: Study of Cooperative Career Education between Universities and Companies
Author: PhD Candidate Azusa Katsumata
Institution: Keio University
Conference: ICEHE 2017 : 19th International Conference on Education and Higher Education
Dates:Oct 09-10, 2017
Location:Osaka, Japan
Abstract:
Where there is collaboration between universities and companies in the educational context, companies seek ‘knowledge’ from universities and provide a ‘place of practice’ to them. Several universities have introduced activities aimed at the mutual enlightenment of a diversity of people in career education. However, several programs emphasize on delivering results, and on practicing the prepared materials as planned. Few programs focus on unexpected failures and setbacks. This way of learning is important in career education so that classmates can help each other, overcome difficulties, draw out each other’s strengths, and learn from them. Seijo University in Tokyo offered Tokyo Tourism, a Project-Based Learning course, as a first-year career education course until 2016. In cooperation with a travel agency, students participate in planning actual tourism products for foreigners visiting Japan, undertake tours serving as guides. This paper aims to study the 'learning platform' created by a series of processes such as the fieldwork, planning tours, the presentation, selling the tourism products, and guiding the tourists. We conducted a questionnaire to measure the development of work-related skills in class. From the results of the questionnaire, we can see, in the example of this class, that students demonstrated an increased desire to be pro-active and an improved motivation to learn. Students have not, however, acquired policy or business skills. This is appropriate for first-year careers education, but we need to consider how this can be incorporated into future courses. In the questionnaire filled out by the students after the class, the following results were found. Planning and implementing travel products while learning from each other, and helping the teams has led to improvements in the student workforce. This course is a collaborative project between Japanese universities and the 2020 Tokyo Olympics and Paralympic Games committee.

1067
[Keynote Talk]: Contested Aural Narratives of Japanese Masculinity in the Soundtracks of Rurouni Kenshin
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Stacey Jocoy
Institution: Texas Tech University
Conference: ICTPC 2017 : 19th International Conference on Transmediality in Popular Culture
Dates:Sep 07-08, 2017
Location:Tokyo, Japan

1027
[Keynote Talk]: How to Be a Successful Researcher
Author: Dr. Ellie Abdi
Institution: Montclair State University, East Orange School District
Conference: ICHEC 2017 : 19th International Conference on Higher Education Counseling
Dates:Aug 28-29, 2017
Location:Paris, France

1092
[Keynote Talk]: Diversity in American Schools in Relations to History and Social Development
Author: Dr. Ellie Abdi
Institution: Montclair State University, East Orange School District
Conference: ICHSD 2017 : 19th International Conference on History and Social Development
Dates:Aug 21-22, 2017
Location:London, United Kingdom

2300
[Keynote Talk]: Explore the Other Side of a Successful Academia
Author: Dr. Ellie Abdi
Institution: Montclair State University, East Orange School District
Conference: ICETI 2017 : 19th International Conference on Education and Teaching Innovation
Dates:Aug 07-08, 2017
Location:New York, USA

1048
[Keynote Talk]: Water Resources Vulnerability Assessment to Climate Change in a Semi-Arid Basin of South India
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Shimola Kannan
Institution: Malla Reddy Engineering College
Conference: ICESCC 2017 : 19th International Conference on Environment, Sustainability and Climate Change
Dates:Jul 04-05, 2017
Location:Singapore, SG
Abstract:
This paper examines vulnerability assessment of water resources in a semi-arid basin using the 4-step approach. The vulnerability assessment framework is developed to study the water resources vulnerability which includes the creation of GIS-based vulnerability maps. These maps represent the spatial variability of the vulnerability index. This paper introduces the 4-step approach to assess vulnerability that incorporates a new set of indicators. The approach is demonstrated using a framework composed of a precipitation data for (1975–2010) period, temperature data for (1965–2010) period, hydrological model outputs and the water resources GIS data base. The vulnerability assessment is a function of three components such as exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. The current water resources vulnerability is assessed using GIS based spatio-temporal information. Rainfall Coefficient of Variation, monsoon onset and end date, rainy days, seasonality indices, temperature are selected for the criterion ‘exposure’. Water yield, ground water recharge, evapotranspiration (ET) are selected for the criterion ‘sensitivity’. Type of irrigation and storage structures are selected for the criterion ‘Adaptive capacity’. These indicators were mapped and integrated in GIS environment using overlay analysis. The five sub-basins, namely Arjunanadhi, Kousiganadhi, Sindapalli-Uppodai and Vallampatti Odai, fall under medium vulnerability profile, which indicates that the basin is under moderate stress of water resources. The paper also explores prioritization of sub-basinwise adaptation strategies to climate change based on the vulnerability indices.

1080
[Keynote Talk]: What Are Mental Health Key Challenges in Dubai, 2017?
Author: Dr. Kadhim Alabady
Institution: Dubai Health Authority (DHA)
Conference: ICAPMPI 2017 : 19th International Conference on Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychosomatic Illness
Dates:Jun 28-29, 2017
Location:Dubai, UAE

1019
[Keynote Talk]: How to Survive an Academic Life
Author: Dr. Ellie Abdi
Institution: Montclair State University, East Orange School District
Conference: ICEPD 2017 : 19th International Conference on Education Policy Decisions
Dates:Jun 04-05, 2017
Location:New York, USA

1018
[Keynote Talk]: Characterization of Extreme Low-Resolution Digital Encoder for Control System with Sinusoidal Reference Signal
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Qingbin Gao
Institution: California State University, Long Beach
Conference: ICNSC 2017 : 19th International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control
Dates:May 28-29, 2017
Location:Tokyo, Japan

1018
[Keynote Talk]: The Intoxicated Eyewitness: Effect of Alcohol Consumption on Identification Accuracy in Lineup
Author: Prof. Dr. Vikas Minchekar
Institution: Smt. Kasturbai Walchand College
Conference: ICFPFP 2017 : 19th International Conference on Forensic Psychology and Forensic Practice
Dates:May 28-29, 2017
Location:Tokyo, Japan
Abstract:
The eyewitness is a crucial source of evidence in the criminal judicial system. However, rely on the reminiscence of an eyewitness especially intoxicated eyewitness is not always judicious. It might lead to some serious consequences. Day by day, alcohol-related crimes or the criminal incidences in bars, nightclubs, and restaurants are increasing rapidly. Tackling such cases is very complicated to any investigation officers. The people in that incidents are violated due to the alcohol consumption hence, their ability to identify the suspects or recall these phenomena is affected. The studies on the effects of alcohol consumption on motor activities such as driving and surgeries have received much attention. However, the effect of alcohol intoxication on memory has received little attention from the psychology, law, forensic and criminology scholars across the world. In the Indian context, the published articles on this issue are equal to none up to present day. This field experiment investigation aimed at to finding out the effect of alcohol consumption on identification accuracy in lineups. Forty adult, social drinkers, and twenty sober adults were randomly recruited for the study. The sober adults were assigned into 'placebo' beverage group while social drinkers were divided into two group e. g. 'low dose' of alcohol (0.2 g/kg) and 'high dose' of alcohol (0.8 g/kg). The social drinkers were divided in such a way that their level of blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) will become different. After administering the beverages for the placebo group and liquor to the social drinkers for 40 to 50 minutes of the period, the five-minute video clip of mock crime is shown to all in a group of four to five members. After the exposure of video, clip subjects were given 10 portraits and asked them to recognize whether they are involved in mock crime or not. Moreover, they were also asked to describe the incident. The subjects were given two opportunities to recognize the portraits and to describe the events; the first opportunity is given immediately after the video clip and the second was 24 hours later. The obtained data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Scheffe’s posthoc multiple comparison tests. The results indicated that the 'high dose' group is remarkably different from the 'placebo' and 'low dose' groups. But, the 'placebo' and 'low dose' groups are equally performed. The subjects in a 'high dose' group recognized only 20% faces correctly while the subjects in a 'placebo' and 'low dose' groups are recognized 90 %. This study implied that the intoxicated witnesses are less accurate to recognize the suspects and also less capable of describing the incidents where crime has taken place. Moreover, this study does not assert that intoxicated eyewitness is generally less trustworthy than their sober counterparts.

1046
[Keynote Talk]: Unlocking Transformational Resilience in the Aftermath of a Flood Disaster: A Case Study from Cumbria
Author: Ms. Kate Crinion
Institution: Ulster University
Conference: ICNHD 2017 : 19th International Conference on Natural Hazards and Disasters
Dates:May 14-15, 2017
Location:Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Abstract:
Past research has demonstrated that disasters are continuing to escalate in frequency and magnitude worldwide, representing a key concern for the global community. Understanding and responding to the increasing risk posed by disaster events has become a key concern for disaster managers. An emerging trend within literature, acknowledges the need to move beyond a state of coping and reinstatement of the status quo, towards incremental adaptive change and transformational actions for long-term sustainable development. As such, a growing interest in research concerns the understanding of the change required to address ever increasing and unpredictable disaster events. Capturing transformational capacity and resilience, however is not without its difficulties and explains the dearth in attempts to capture this capacity. Adopting a case study approach, this research seeks to enhance an awareness of transformational resilience by identifying key components and indicators that determine the resilience of flood-affected communities within Cumbria. Grounding and testing a theoretical resilience framework within the case studies, permits the identification of how perceptions of risk influence community resilience actions. Further, it assesses how levels of social capital and connectedness impacts upon the extent of interplay between resources and capacities that drive transformational resilience. Thus, this research seeks to expand the existing body of knowledge by enhancing the awareness of resilience in post-disaster affected communities, by investigating indicators of community capacity building and resilience actions that facilitate transformational resilience during the recovery and reconstruction phase of a flood disaster.

1056
[Keynote Talk]: Thermal Performance of Common Building Insulation Materials: Operating Temperature and Moisture Effect
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Maatouk Khoukhi
Institution: Sultan Qaboos University
Conference: ICCEA 2017 : 19th International Conference on Civil Engineering and Architecture
Dates:May 11-12, 2017
Location:Montreal, Canada
Abstract:
An accurate prediction of the heat transfer through the envelope components of building is required to achieve an accurate cooling/heating load calculation which leads to precise sizing of the hvac equipment. This also depends on the accuracy of the thermal conductivity of the building insulation material. The proper use of thermal insulation in buildings (k-value) contribute significantly to reducing the HVAC size and consequently the annual energy cost. The first part of this paper presents an overview of building thermal insulation and their applications. The second part presents some results related to the change of the polystyrene insulation thermal conductivity with the change of the operating temperature and the moisture. Best-fit linear relationship of the k-value in term of the operating temperatures and different percentage of moisture content by weight has been established. The thermal conductivity of the polystyrene insulation material increases with the increase of both operating temperature and humidity content.

992
[Keynote Speech]: Simulation Studies of Pulsed Voltage Effects on Cells
Author: Dr. Jiahui Song
Institution: Wentworth Institute of Technology
Conference: ICBBB 2017 : 19th International Conference on Bioelectronics, Bioinstrumentation and Biosensors
Dates:Apr 24-25, 2017
Location:Boston, USA
Abstract:
In order to predict or explain a complicated biological process, it is important first to construct mathematical models that can be used to yield analytical solutions. Through numerical simulation, mathematical model results can be used to test scenarios that might not be easily attained in a laboratory experiment, or to predict parameters or phenomena. High-intensity, nanosecond pulse electroporation has been a recent development in bioelectrics. The dynamic pore model can be achieved by including a dynamic aspect and a dependence on the pore population density into pore formation energy equation to analyze and predict such electroporation effects. For greater accuracy, with inclusion of atomistic details, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were also carried out during this study. Besides inducing pores in cells, external voltages could also be used in principle to modulate action potential generation in nerves. This could have an application in electrically controlled ‘pain management’. Also a simple model-based rate equation treatment of the various cellular bio-chemical processes has been used to predict the pulse number dependent cell survival trends.

992
[Keynote Speech]: Feature Selection and Predictive Modeling of Housing Data Using Random Forest
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Bharatendra Rai
Institution: University of Massachusetts Dartmouth
Conference: ICDSA 2017 : 19th International Conference on Decision Sciences and Analytics
Dates:Apr 24-25, 2017
Location:Boston, USA
Abstract:
Predictive data analysis and modeling involving machine learning techniques become challenging in presence of too many explanatory variables or features. Presence of too many features in machine learning is known to not only cause algorithms to slow down, but they can also lead to decrease in model prediction accuracy. This study involves housing dataset with 79 quantitative and qualitative features that describe various aspects people consider while buying a new house. Boruta algorithm that supports feature selection using a wrapper approach build around random forest is used in this study. This feature selection process leads to 49 confirmed features which are then used for developing predictive random forest models. The study also explores five different data partitioning ratios and their impact on model accuracy are captured using coefficient of determination (r-square) and root mean square error (rsme).

999
[Keynote Talk]: Three Key Ideas to Undergraduate Thesis Project Tutoring
Author: Other Maria-Teresa Becerra-Traver
Institution: University of Extremadura
Conference: ICEP 2017 : 19th International Conference on Education and Pedagogy
Dates:Apr 13-14, 2017
Location:Venice, Italy
Abstract:
The introduction of new subjects at university level, brought about with the implementation of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), has meant changes for students and lecturers that, in the case of the latter, have also revealed a need for further training. In our context, one of the main changes has been the introduction of Undergraduate Thesis Projects (UTPs) in the degrees taught in our faculty: Pre-Primary and Primary Education. The aim of this paper is to analyze UTPs and to provide some suggestions that can help both students and lecturers in the process. UTPs complete the university training cycle of the Degree Studies and entail the elaboration of a written piece of work, supervised by a professor and presented to a panel in order to ensure that students acquire the required competences of these Degrees to develop an autonomous, responsible and comprehensive activity. In addition, UTPs develop students’ abilities for oral presentations and to defend and argue their own ideas. One of the first difficulties in the supervision of UTPs is that most of the students do not know how to write an academic text. To solve this problem, we propose a three-phase model based on planning, textualization and review. The implementation of this model has enabled us to see a successful evolution in the correct development of the academic dissertations that students submit at the end their degrees.

1004
[Keynote Talk]: Three Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Functionally Graded Radiation Shielding Nanoengineered Sandwich Composites
Author: Prof. Dr. Ajit Kelkar
Institution: Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering
Conference: ICTCM 2017 : 19th International Conference on Theoretical and Computational Mechanics
Dates:Mar 05-06, 2017
Location:Rome, Italy
Abstract:
In recent years, nanotechnology has played an important role in the design of an efficient radiation shielding polymeric composites. It is well known that, high loading of nanomaterials with radiation absorption properties can enhance the radiation attenuation efficiency of shielding structures. However, due to difficulties in dispersion of nanomaterials into polymer matrices, there has been a limitation in higher loading percentages of nanoparticles in the polymer matrix. Therefore, the objective of the present work is to provide a methodology to fabricate and then to characterize the functionally graded radiation shielding structures, which can provide an efficient radiation absorption property along with good structural integrity. Sandwich structures composed of Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE) fabric as face sheets and functionally graded epoxy nanocomposite as core material were fabricated. A method to fabricate a functionally graded core panel with controllable gradient dispersion of nanoparticles is discussed. In order to optimize the design of functionally graded sandwich composites and to analyze the stress distribution throughout the sandwich composite thickness, a finite element method was used. The sandwich panels were discretized using 3-Dimensional 8 nodded brick elements. Classical laminate analysis in conjunction with simplified micromechanics equations were used to obtain the properties of the face sheets. The presented finite element model would provide insight into deformation and damage mechanics of the functionally graded sandwich composites from the structural point of view.

1063
[Keynote Speech]: An Odyssey to Sustainability: The Urban Archipelago of India
Author: Dr. Sudhakara Reddy
Institution: Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research
Conference: ICEBESE 2017 : 19th International Conference on Environmental, Biological, Ecological Sciences and Engineering
Dates:Feb 07-08, 2017
Location:Mumbai, India

1063
[Keynote Speech]: Language Diversity and Language of Diversity: Contending with the Conundrum
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Vasumathi Badrinathan
Institution: University of Mumbai
Conference: ICLLL 2017 : 19th International Conference on Languages, Literature and Linguistics
Dates:Feb 07-08, 2017
Location:Mumbai, India

1063
[Keynote Speech]: Performance Measures for Green Manufacturing Practices in the Indian Manufacturing Industries
Author: Prof. Dr. Vivek Sunnapwar
Institution: Lokmanya Tilak College of Engineering
Conference: ICIET 2017 : 19th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Technology
Dates:Feb 07-08, 2017
Location:Mumbai, India

1063
[Keynote Speech]: Learnings from Lean Six Sigma Projects
Author: Dr. Santosh Rane
Institution: Sardar Patel College of Engineering
Conference: ICIEOM 2017 : 19th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management
Dates:Feb 07-08, 2017
Location:Mumbai, India

1063
[Keynote Speech]: Manufacturing Flexibility: Issues in Modelling Real Environment
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Pradip P. Patil
Institution: SIES Graduate School of Technology
Conference: ICIEOM 2017 : 19th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management
Dates:Feb 07-08, 2017
Location:Mumbai, India

1063
[Keynote Talk]: Smart Magnetic Sensors and Their Diverse Applications
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Pratap Kollu
Institution: Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay)
Conference: ICACME 2017 : 19th International Conference on Advanced Composites and Materials Engineering
Dates:Feb 07-08, 2017
Location:Mumbai, India

1063
[Keynote Speech]: Innovative Pedagogy and Educational Technology for the 21st Century
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Reni Francis
Institution: Pillai College of Education and Research
Conference: ICIES 2017 : 19th International Conference on Innovative Educational Systems
Dates:Feb 07-08, 2017
Location:Mumbai, India

1063
[Keynote Talk]: Implementation of 5 Level and 7 Level Multilevel Inverter in Local Trains of Mumbai
Author: PhD Candidate Sharvari Sane
Institution: Jodhpur National University
Conference: ICEEPEE 2017 : 19th International Conference on Electrical Energy Processing and Energy Efficiency
Dates:Feb 07-08, 2017
Location:Mumbai, India
Abstract:
Local trains are the lifelines of Mumbai city. Earlier 1500 Volt D.C. supply, is now completely and successfully converted into 25 KV A.C. in central, western and harbour routes. This task is the outcome of the advancement in the area of power electronics. Author has already done the comparative study between D.C. and A.C. supply of traction and predicted the serious problem regarding the harmonics. In this paper, the simulation for 5 level as well as 7 level multilevel inverter has been done which is the substitute for the present cascade type inverter. This paper also showed the reduced level of Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) in the traction system.

1063
[Keynote Speech]: Impact of Emerging Technology Trends on Industries in 2017
Author: Prof. Dr. Poornachandra Sarang
Institution: ABCOM Information Systems Pvt Ltd
Conference: ICASE 2017 : 19th International Conference on Advances in Software Engineering
Dates:Feb 07-08, 2017
Location:Mumbai, India

1060
[Keynote Talk]: sEMG Interface Design for Locomotion Identification
Author: Prof. Dr. Ravinder Agarwal
Institution: Thapar University
Conference: ICCSED 2017 : 19th International Conference on Circuit Systems and Electronic Devices
Dates:Feb 02-03, 2017
Location:Melbourne, Australia
Abstract:
Surface electromyographic (sEMG) signal has the potential to identify the human activities and intention. This potential is further exploited to control the artificial limbs using the sEMG signal from residual limbs of amputees. The paper deals with the development of multichannel cost efficient sEMG signal interface for research application, along with evaluation of proposed class dependent statistical approach of the feature selection method. The sEMG signal acquisition interface was developed using ADS1298 of Texas Instruments, which is a front-end interface integrated circuit for ECG application. Further, the sEMG signal is recorded from two lower limb muscles for three locomotions namely: Plane Walk (PW), Stair Ascending (SA), Stair Descending (SD). A class dependent statistical approach is proposed for feature selection and also its performance is compared with 12 preexisting feature vectors. To make the study more extensive, performance of five different types of classifiers are compared. The outcome of the current piece of work proves the suitability of the proposed feature selection algorithm for locomotion recognition, as compared to other existing feature vectors. The SVM Classifier is found as the outperformed classifier among compared classifiers with an average recognition accuracy of 97.40%. Feature vector selection emerges as the most dominant factor affecting the classification performance as it holds 51.51% of the total variance in classification accuracy. The results demonstrate the potentials of the developed sEMG signal acquisition interface along with the proposed feature selection algorithm.

1003
[Keynote Talk]: Mental Health Challenges among Women in Dubai, Mental Health Needs Assessment for Dubai (2015), Public Health and Safety Department - Dubai Health Authority (DHA)
Author: Dr. Kadhim Alabady
Institution: Dubai Health Authority (DHA)
Conference: ICWMH 2017 : 19th International Conference on Women´s Mental Health
Dates:Jan 30-31, 2017
Location:Dubai, UAE
Abstract:
Purpose: Mental health problems affect women and men equally, but some are more common among women. To Provide a baseline of the current picture of major mental health challenges among women in Dubai. which can then be used to measure the impact of interventions or service development. Method: We have used mixed methods evaluation approaches. This was used to increase the validity of findings by using a variety of data collection techniques. We have integrated qualitative and quantitative methods in this piece of work. Conducting the two approaches is to explore issues that might not be highlighted enough through one method. Results: The key findings are: The prevalence of people who suffer from different types of mental disorders remains largely unknown, many women are unwilling to seek professional help because of lack of awareness or the stigma attached to it. -It is estimated there were around 2,928–4,392 mothers in Dubai (2014) suffering from postnatal depression of which 858–1,287, early intervention can be effective. -The system for managing health care for women with mental illness is fragmented and contains gaps and duplications. -It is estimated 1,029 girl aged 13–19 years affected with anorexia nervosa and there would be an estimated 1,029 girl aged 13–19 years affected with anorexia nervosa. Recommendations: -Work is required with primary health care in order to identify women with undiagnosed mental illnesses. Further work is undertaken within primary health care to assess disease registries with the aim of helping GP practices to improve their disease registers. -It is important to conduct local psychiatric morbidity surveys in Dubai to obtain data and assess the prevalence of essential mental health symptoms and conditions that are not routinely collected to get a clear sense of what is needed and to assist decision and policy making in getting a complete picture on what services are required. -Emergency Mental Health Care – there is a need for a crisis response team to respond to emergencies in the community. -Continuum of care – a significant gap in the services for women once they diagnosed with mental disorder.

1001
[Keynote Talk]: Corporate Social Responsibility and Its Impact on Financial Performance: Evidence from Mauritian Commercial Banks
Author: Ms. Karishma Ansaram
Institution: University of Edinburgh
Conference: ICCSRSD 2017 : 19th International Conference on Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainable Development
Dates:Jan 19-20, 2017
Location:London, United Kingdom
Abstract:
In line with the growing dominance of the banking sector and other financial institutions in developing countries, the objective of this paper is to investigate the relationship between CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) and the financial performance of Mauritian banks. Empirical evidence on CSR and corporate financial performance in developing countries have generated mixed results. However the social responsibility of the banking sector in these countries has been scantily researched. In a similar vein, extant literature on CSR in Mauritius have focused mainly on CSR reporting but not the financial institutions. The enactment of the mandatory CSR levy in 2009 makes Mauritius an interesting case study. The contribution of this paper lies in evaluating the financial performance of banks post the CSR levy in 2009. Furthermore, this study investigates whether ‘Donations’ or ‘Finance to private sector to GDP’ is a better measurement for CSR. Two multiple linear regression models adapted from empirical research were used for a set of all 22 banks in Mauritius during the 10 years’ period 2005 to 2015. It was found that the CSR variable ‘Donations’ has a significant positive effect while the ‘Finance to private sector to GDP’ variable has an insignificant negative effect on financial performance. The outcome of the ‘Donations’ variable implies that banks in Mauritius are better off contributing to CSR activities. The mandatory CSR levy of 2% increases the profitability status of the banking sector. This will encourage the increase of the CSR levy percentage, which will generate greater benefits to banks.

1002
[Keynote Talk]: Mathematical and Numerical Modelling of the Cardiovascular System: Macroscale, Mesoscale and Microscale Applications
Author: Dr. Aymen Laadhari
Institution: Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
Conference: ICMMMAS 2017 : 19th International Conference on Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences
Dates:Jan 13-14, 2017
Location:Zurich, Switzerland
Abstract:
The cardiovascular system is centered on the heart and is characterized by a very complex structure with different physical scales in space (e.g. micrometers for erythrocytes and centimeters for organs) and time (e.g. milliseconds for human brain activity and several years for development of some pathologies). The development and numerical implementation of mathematical models of the cardiovascular system is a tremendously challenging topic at the theoretical and computational levels, inducing consequently a growing interest over the past decade. The accurate computational investigations in both healthy and pathological cases of processes related to the functioning of the human cardiovascular system can be of great potential in tackling several problems of clinical relevance and in improving the diagnosis of specific diseases. In this talk, we focus on the specific task of simulating three particular phenomena related to the cardiovascular system on the macroscopic, mesoscopic and microscopic scales, respectively. Namely, we develop numerical methodologies tailored for the simulation of (i) the haemodynamics (i.e., fluid mechanics of blood) in the aorta and sinus of Valsalva interacting with highly deformable thin leaflets, (ii) the hyperelastic anisotropic behaviour of cardiomyocytes and the influence of calcium concentrations on the contraction of single cells, and (iii) the dynamics of red blood cells in microvasculature. For each problem, we present an appropriate fully Eulerian finite element methodology. We report several numerical examples to address in detail the relevance of the mathematical models in terms of physiological meaning and to illustrate the accuracy and efficiency of the numerical methods.

1044
[Keynote Talk]: Surveillance of Food Safety Compliance of Hong Kong Street Food
Author: Assist. Dr. Mabel Yau
Institution: Tung Wah College
Conference: ICFSP 2017 : 19th International Conference on Food Safety and Packaging
Dates:Jan 08-09, 2017
Location:Singapore, SG
Abstract:
This study is a pilot surveillance of hygiene compliance and food microbial safety of both licensed and mobile vendors selling Chinese ready–to-eat snack foods in Hong Kong. The study reflects similar situations in running mobile food vending business on trucks. Hong Kong is about to launch the Food Truck Pilot Scheme by the end of 2016 or early 2017. Technically, selling food on the vehicle is no different from hawking food on the street or vending food on the street. Each type of business bears similar food safety issues and cast the same impact on public health. Present findings demonstrate exemplarily situations that also apply to food trucks. 9 types of Cantonese style snacks of 32 samples in total were selected for microbial screening. A total of 16 vending sites including supermarkets, street markets, and snack stores were visited. The study finally focused on a traditional snack, the steamed rice cake with red beans called Put Chai Ko (PCK). PCK is a type of classical Cantonese pastry sold on push carts on the street. It used to be sold at room temperature and served with bamboo sticks in the old days. Some shops would have them sold steam fresh. Microbial examinations on aerobic counts, yeast, and mould, coliform, salmonella as well as Staphylococcus aureus detections were carried out. Salmonella was not detected in all samples. Since PCK does not contain ingredients of beef, poultry, eggs or dairy products, the risk of the presence of Salmonella in PCK was relatively lower although other source of contamination might be possible. Coagulase positive Staphylococcus aureus was found in 6 of the 14 samples sold at room temperature. Among these 6 samples, 3 were PCK. One of the samples was in an unacceptable range of total colony forming units higher than 105. The rest were only satisfactory. Observational evaluations were made with checklists on personal hygiene, premises hygiene, food safety control, food storage, cleaning and sanitization as well as waste disposals. The maximum score was 25 if total compliance were obtained. The highest score among vendors was 20. Three stores were below average, and two of these stores were selling PCK. Most of the non-compliances were on food processing facilities, sanitization conditions and waste disposal. In conclusion, although no food poisoning outbreaks happened during the time of the investigation, the risk of food hazard existed in these stores, especially among street vendors. Attention is needed in the traditional practice of food selling, and that food handlers might not have sufficient knowledge to properly handle food products. Variations in food qualities existed among supply chains or franchise eateries or shops. It was commonly observed that packaging and storage conditions are not properly enforced in the retails. The same situation could be reflected across the food business. It did indicate need of food safety training in the industry and loopholes in quality control among business.

1044
[Keynote Talk]: Surveillance of Food Safety Compliance of Hong Kong Street Food
Author: Prof. Dr. P. L. Tang, Mabel Yau
Institution: Tung Wah College
Conference: ICFSP 2017 : 19th International Conference on Food Safety and Packaging
Dates:Jan 08-09, 2017
Location:Singapore, SG

456
[Keynote Speech]: Experimental Study on the Effects of Water-in-Oil Emulsions to the Pressure Drop in Pipeline Flow
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sharul Sham Dol
Institution: Curtin University
Conference: ICOGPE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Engineering
Dates:Dec 26-27, 2016
Location:Dubai, UAE
Abstract:
Emulsion formation is unavoidable and can be detrimental to an oil field production. The presence of stable emulsions also reduces the quality of crude oil and causes more problems in the downstream refinery operations, such as corrosion and pipeline pressure drop. Hence, it is important to know the effects of emulsions in the pipeline. Light crude oil was used for the continuous phase in the W/O emulsions where the emulsions pass through a flow loop to test the pressure drop across the pipeline. The results obtained shows that pressure drop increases as water cut is increased until it peaks at the phase inversion of the W/O emulsion between 30% to 40% water cut. Emulsions produced by gradual constrictions show a lower stability as compared to sudden constrictions. Lower stability of emulsions in gradual constriction has the higher influence of pressure drop compared to a sudden sharp decrease in diameter in sudden constriction. Generally, sudden constriction experiences pressure drop of 0.013% to 0.067% higher than gradual constriction of the same ratio. Lower constriction ratio cases cause larger pressure drop ranging from 0.061% to 0.241%. Considering the higher profitability in lower emulsion stability and lower pressure drop at the developed flow region of different constrictions, an optimum design of constriction is found to be gradual constriction with a ratio of 0.5.

456
[Keynote Talk]: Internet of Things Based Digital Factories
Author: Prof. Dr. Abdul-Rahman Al-Ali
Institution: American University of Sharjah
Conference: ICCSE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Computer Science and Engineering
Dates:Dec 26-27, 2016
Location:Dubai, UAE

456
[Keynote Talk]: A Comparative Study on Air Permeability Properties of Multilayered Nonwoven Structures
Author: PhD Candidate Merve Küçükali Öztürk
Institution: Istanbul Technical University
Conference: ICMSE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Materials Science and Engineering
Dates:Dec 26-27, 2016
Location:Dubai, UAE
Abstract:
Air permeability plays an important role for applications such as filtration, thermal and acoustic insulation. The study discussed in this paper was conducted in an attempt to investigate air permeability property of various combinations of nonwovens. The PROWHITE air permeability tester was used for the measurement of the air permeability of the samples in accordance with the relevant standards and a comparative study of the results were made. It was found that the fabric mass per unit area was closely related to the air-permeability. The air permeability decreased with the increase in mass per unit area. Additionally, the air permeability of nonwoven fabrics decreased with the increase in thickness. Moreover, air permeability of multilayered SMS nonwoven structures was lower than those of single layered ones.

450
[Keynote Speech]: Bridge Damage Detection Using Frequency Response Function
Author: Dr. Ahmed Alqayyim
Institution: University of Babylon
Conference: ICABCIE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Architecture, Building, Construction, Infrastructure and Environment
Dates:Dec 19-20, 2016
Location:Istanbul, Turkey
Abstract:
During the past decades, the bridge structures are considered very important portions of transportation networks, due to the fast urban sprawling. With the failure of bridges that under operating conditions lead to focus on updating the default bridge inspection methodology. The structures health monitoring (SHM) using the vibration response appeared as a promising method to evaluate the condition of structures. The rapid development in the sensors technology and the condition assessment techniques based on the vibration-based damage detection made the SHM an efficient and economical ways to assess the bridges. SHM is set to assess state and expects probable failures of designated bridges. In this paper, a presentation for Frequency Response function method that uses the captured vibration test information of structures to evaluate the structure condition. Furthermore, the main steps of the assessment of bridge using the vibration information are presented. The Frequency Response function method is applied to the experimental data of a full-scale bridge.

450
[Keynote Speech]: Core Competences in High-Tech Products
Author: PhD Candidate Safak Baykal
Institution: Turkish Military Academy
Conference: ICEMM 2016 : 18th International Conference on Economy, Management and Marketing
Dates:Dec 19-20, 2016
Location:Istanbul, Turkey

450
[Keynote Speech]: Resilience in Emergent Economies
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Müberra Yüksel
Institution: Kadir Has University
Conference: ICBFE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Business, Finance and Economics
Dates:Dec 19-20, 2016
Location:Istanbul, Turkey

450
[Keynote Speech]: Determination of Naturally Occurring and Artificial Radionuclide Activity Concentrations in Marine Sediments in Western Marmara, Turkey
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Erol Kam
Institution: Yildiz Technical University
Conference: ICEES 2016 : 18th International Conference on Environmental and Earth Sciences
Dates:Dec 19-20, 2016
Location:Istanbul, Turkey
Abstract:
Natural and artificial radionuclides cause radioactive contamination in environments, just as the other non-biodegradable pollutants (heavy metals, etc.) sink to the sea floor and accumulate in sediments. Especially the habitat of benthic foraminifera living on the surface of sediments or in sediments at the seafloor are affected by radioactive pollution in the marine environment. Thus, it is important for pollution analysis to determine the radionuclides. Radioactive pollution accumulates in the lowest level of the food chain and reaches humans at the highest level. The more the accumulation, the more the environment is endangered. This study used gamma spectrometry to investigate the natural and artificial radionuclide distribution of sediment samples taken from living benthic foraminifera habitats in the Western Marmara Sea. The radionuclides, K-40, Cs-137, Ra-226, Mn 54, Zr-95+ and Th-232, were identified in the sediment samples. For this purpose, 18 core samples were taken from depths of about 25-30 meters in the Marmara Sea in 2016. The locations of the core samples were specifically selected exclusively from discharge points for domestic and industrial areas, port locations, and so forth to represent pollution in the study area. Gamma spectrometric analysis was used to determine the radioactive properties of sediments. The radionuclide concentration activity values in the sediment samples obtained were Cs-137=0.9-9.4 Bq/kg, Th-232=18.9-86 Bq/kg, Ra-226=10-50 Bq/kg, K-40=24.4–670 Bq/kg, Mn 54=0.71–0.9 Bq/kg and Zr-95+=0.18–0.19 Bq/kg. These values were compared with the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) data, and an environmental analysis was carried out. The Ra-226 series, the Th-232 series, and the K-40 radionuclides accumulate naturally and are increasing every day due to anthropogenic pollution. Although the Ra-226 values obtained in the study areas remained within normal limits according to the UNSCEAR values, the K-40, and Th-232 series values were found to be high in almost all the locations.

450
[Keynote Speech]: Some Results on Dimension of the Set of Solutions of a Fractional Differential Inclusion via The Caputo-Hadamard Derivative
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Melike Aydogan
Institution: Işık University
Conference: ICMCMA 2016 : 18th International Conference on Mathematical, Computational Methods and Algorithms
Dates:Dec 19-20, 2016
Location:Istanbul, Turkey

450
[Keynote Speech]: Interoperability in Healthcare Information Systems
Author: Dr. Güney Gürsel
Institution: Gülhane Military Medical Academy
Conference: ICHMIS 2016 : 18th International Conference on Healthcare and Medical Informatic Systems
Dates:Dec 19-20, 2016
Location:Istanbul, Turkey

450
[Keynote Speech]: Competitive Evaluation of Power Plants in Energy Policy
Author: Prof. Dr. A. Beril Tuğrul
Institution: Istanbul Technical University
Conference: ICPSEN 2016 : 18th International Conference on Power Systems, Electronics and Nanotechnology
Dates:Dec 19-20, 2016
Location:Istanbul, Turkey
Abstract:
Electrical energy is the most important form of energy and electrical power plants have highest impact factor in energy policy. This study is in relation with evaluation of various power plants including fossil fuels, nuclear and renewable energy based power plants. The power plants evaluated with regard to their overall impact that considered for establishing of the plants. Both positive and negative impacts of power plant operation are compared view of different arguments. Then calculate the impact factor by using variation linear extrapolation for each argument. With this study, power plants assessed with the different point of view and clarified objectively.

450
[Keynote Speech]: Graphene Oxide Fiber with Different Exfoliation Time and Activated Carbon Particle
Author: Prof. Dr. Nuray Ucar
Institution: Istanbul Technical University
Conference: ICTMT 2016 : 18th International Conference on Textile Materials and Technologies
Dates:Dec 19-20, 2016
Location:Istanbul, Turkey

450
[Keynote Speech]: The Refugee Crisis, Global Warming and Climate Change in Middle Eastern Countries
Author: Prof. Dr. Kemal Yıldırım
Institution: mahatma Ghandi University
Conference: ICHSS 2016 : 18th International Conference on Humanities and Social Sciences
Dates:Dec 19-20, 2016
Location:Istanbul, Turkey

450
[Keynote Speech]: Delays Still Inherent despite the Project Management
Author: PhD Candidate Karrar Kamoona
Institution: Yıldız Technical University
Conference: ICPM 2016 : 18th International Conference on Project Management
Dates:Dec 19-20, 2016
Location:Istanbul, Turkey

437
[Keynote Speech]: Curiosity, Innovation and Technological Advancements Shaping the Future of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education
Author: Dr. Ana Hol
Institution: Western Sydney University
Conference: ICES 2016 : 18th International Conference on Education Systems
Dates:Dec 15-16, 2016
Location:Sydney, Australia
Abstract:
We live in a constantly changing environment where technology has become an integral component of our day to day life. We rely heavily on mobile devices, we search for data via web, we utilise smart home sensors to create the most suited ambiences and we utilise applications to shop, research, communicate and share data. Heavy reliance on technology therefore is creating new connections between STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) fields which in turn rises a question of what the STEM education of the future should be like? This study was based on the reviews of the six Australian Information Systems students who undertook an international study tour to India where they were given an opportunity to network, communicate and meet local students, staff and business representatives and from them learn about the local business implementations, local customs and regulations. Research identifies that if we are to continue to implement and utilise electronic devices on the global scale, such as for example implement smart cars that can smoothly cross borders, we will need the workforce that will have the knowledge about the cars themselves, their parts, roads and transport networks, road rules, road sensors, road monitoring technologies, graphical user interfaces, movement detection systems as well as day to day operations, legal rules and regulations of each region and country, insurance policies, policing and processes so that the wide array of sensors can be controlled across country’s borders. In conclusion, it can be noted that allowing students to learn about the local conditions, roads, operations, business processes, customs and values in different countries is giving students a cutting edge advantage as such knowledge cannot be transferred via electronic sources alone. However once understanding of each problem or project is established, multidisciplinary innovative STEM projects can be smoothly conducted.

437
[Keynote Speech]: Larger Crossing Angles Make Network Visualizations Easier to Read
Author: Dr. Tony Huang
Institution: University of Tasmania
Conference: ICCGV 2016 : 18th International Conference on Computer Graphics and Vision
Dates:Dec 15-16, 2016
Location:Sydney, Australia

438
[Keynote Talk]: Treatment Satisfaction and Safety of Sitagliptin versus Pioglitazone in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Inadequately Controlled on Metformin Monotherapy
Author: Dr. Shahnaz Haque
Institution: Saraswathi Institute of Medical Sciences
Conference: ICPP 2016 : 18th International Conference on Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Dates:Dec 12-13, 2016
Location:Bangkok, Thailand
Abstract:
Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease affecting millions worldwide. Metformin is the most commonly prescribed first line oral hypoglycemic drug for type 2 diabetes mellitus, but due to progressive worsening of blood glucose control during the natural history of type 2 diabetes, combination therapy usually becomes necessary. Objective: This study was designed to assess the treatment satisfaction between Sitagliptin versus Pioglitazone added to Metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: We conducted a prospective, open label, randomized, parallel group study in SIMS, Hapur, U.P. Eligible patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were randomized into two groups having 25 patients in each group using tab Sitagliptin 100mg, tab Pioglitazone 30mg added to ongoing tab Metformin (500mg) therapy for 16 weeks. The follow-up visits were on weeks 4,12 and 16. Result: 16 weeks later, addition of Sitagliptin 100mg compared to that of Pioglitazone 30 mg to ongoing Metformin therapy provided similar glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) lowering efficacy in patients with T2DM with inadequate glycemic control on metformin monotherapy. Change in HbA1c in group1 was -0.656±0.21%(p<0.0001) whereas in group2 was -0.748±0.35%(p<0.0001). Hence decrease in HbA1c from baseline was more in group2. Both treatments were well tolerated with negligible risk of hypoglycaemia. Weight loss was observed with Sitagliptin in contrast to weight gain seen in Pioglitazone. Conclusion: In this study, Sitagliptin 100 mg along with metformin therapy in comparison to pioglitazone 30 mg plus metformin therapy was both effective, well-tolerated and improved glycemic control in both the groups. Addition of pioglitazone had cause oedema and weight gain to the patients whereas sitagliptin caused weight loss in its patients.

438
[Keynote Speech]: Guiding Teachers to Make Lessons Relevant, Appealing, and Personal (RAP) for Academically-Low-Achieving Students in STEM Subjects
Author: Dr. Nazir Amir
Institution: Ministry of Education, Singapore
Conference: ICHE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Higher Education
Dates:Dec 12-13, 2016
Location:Bangkok, Thailand
Abstract:
Teaching approaches to present science and mathematics content amongst academically-low-achieving students may need to be different than approaches that are adopted for the more academically-inclined students, primarily due to the different learning needs and learning styles of these students. In crafting out lessons to motivate and engage these students, teachers need to consider the backgrounds of these students and have a good understanding of their interests so that lessons can be presented in ways that appeal to them, and made relevant not just to the world around them, but also to their personal experiences. This presentation highlights how the author worked with a Professional Learning Community (PLC) of teachers in crafting out fun and feasible classroom teaching approaches to present science and mathematics content in ways that are made Relevant, Appealing, and Personal (RAP) to groups of academically-low-achieving students in Singapore. Feedback from the students and observations from their work suggest that they were engaged through the RAP-modes of instruction, and were able to appreciate the role of science and mathematics through a variety of low-cost design-based STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) activities. Such results imply that teachers teaching academically-low-achieving students, and those in under-resourced communities, could consider infusing RAP-infused instructions into their lessons in getting students develop positive attitudes towards STEM subjects.

438
[Keynote Talk]: Quantitative Analysis of Gallic Acid Extracted from Five Varieties of Fresh and Preserved Emblica Officialis Gaertn Fruits after Storage at 4⁰C
Author: Dr. Khanittha Chawananorasest
Institution: Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (TISTR)
Conference: ICFND 2016 : 18th International Conference on Food, Nutrition and Diagnostics
Dates:Dec 12-13, 2016
Location:Bangkok, Thailand

2274
[Keynote Speech]: Pollutant Removal and Recovery from Wastewater Treatment Using Regenerable and Reusable Magnetic Nanoparticles
Author: Prof. Dr. Irene M. C. Lo
Institution: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Conference: ICEST 2016 : 18th International Conference on Environmental Engineering and Technology
Dates:Dec 05-06, 2016
Location:Hong Kong, China

2274
[Keynote Speech]: Acquisition of Tense by Cantonese ESL Learners and How Processing Instruction Might Help
Author: Dr. Mable Chan
Institution: Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Conference: ICLGGT 2016 : 18th International Conference on Linguistic and Generative Grammar Theory
Dates:Dec 05-06, 2016
Location:Hong Kong, China

2274
[Keynote Speech]: Evidence-Based Outcome Effectiveness Longitudinal Study on Three Approaches to Reduce Proactive and Reactive Aggression in Schoolchildren: Group CBT, Moral Education, Bioneurological Intervention
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Annis Lai Chu Fung
Institution: City University of Hong Kong
Conference: ICCAP 2016 : 18th International Conference on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology
Dates:Dec 05-06, 2016
Location:Hong Kong, China
Abstract:
While aggression had high stability throughout developmental stages and across generations, it should be the top priority of researchers and frontline helping professionals to develop prevention and intervention programme for aggressive children and children at risk of developing aggressive behaviours. Although there is a substantial amount of anti-bullying programmes, they gave disappointingly small effect sizes. The neglectful practical significance could be attributed to the overly simplistic categorisation of individuals involved as bullies or victims. In the past three decades, the distinction between reactive and proactive aggression has been well-proved. As children displaying reactively aggressive behaviours have distinct social-information processing pattern with those showing proactively aggressive behaviours, it is critical to identify the unique needs of the two subtypes accordingly when designing an intervention. The onset of reactive aggression and proactive aggression was observed at earliest in 4.4 and 6.8 years old respectively. Such findings called for a differential early intervention targeting these high-risk children. However, to the best of the author’s knowledge, the author was the first to establish an evidence-based intervention programme against reactive and proactive aggression. With the largest samples in the world, the author, in the past 10 years, explored three different approaches and their effectiveness against aggression quantitatively and qualitatively with longitudinal design. The three approaches presented are (a) cognitive-behavioral approach, (b) moral education, with Chinese marital arts and ethics as the medium, and (c) bioneurological measures (omega-3 supplementation). The studies adopted a multi-informant approach with repeated measures before and after the intervention, and follow-up assessment. Participants were recruited from primary and secondary schools in Hong Kong. In the cognitive-behavioral approach, 66 reactive aggressors and 63 proactive aggressors, aged from 11 to 17, were identified from 10,096 secondary-school children with questionnaire and subsequent structured interview. Participants underwent 10 group sessions specifically designed for each subtype of aggressor. Results revealed significant declines in aggression levels from the baseline to the follow-up assessment after 1 year. In moral education through the Chinese martial arts, 315 high-risk aggressive children, aged 6 to 12 years, were selected from 3,511 primary-school children and randomly assigned into four types of 10-session intervention group, namely martial-skills-only, martial-ethics-only, both martial-skills-and-ethics, and physical fitness (placebo). Results showed only the martial-skills-and-ethics group had a significant reduction in aggression after treatment and 6 months after treatment comparing with the placebo group. In the bioneurological approach, 218 children, aged from 8 to 17, were randomly assigned to the omega-3 supplement group and the placebo group. Results revealed that compared with the placebo group, the omega-3 supplement group had significant declines in aggression levels at the 6-month follow-up assessment. All three approaches were effective in reducing proactive and reactive aggression. Traditionally, intervention programmes against aggressive behaviour often adapted the cognitive and/or behavioural approach. However, cognitive-behavioural approach for children was recently challenged by its demanding requirement of cognitive ability. Traditional cognitive interventions may not be as beneficial to an older population as in young children. The present study offered an insightful perspective in aggression reduction measures.

2274
[Keynote Speech]: Emotional Concerns: The Connection between Designer and Audience on Visual Communication Design
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Amic G. Ho
Institution: The Open University of Hong Kong
Conference: ICSSCVC 2016 : 18th International Conference on Semiotics, Social, Cultural and Visual Communication
Dates:Dec 05-06, 2016
Location:Hong Kong, China

2274
[Keynote Speech]: Information Theory and Artificial Intelligence
Author: Dr. Lipeng Zhang
Institution: Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute
Conference: ICCAI 2016 : 18th International Conference on Computing and Artificial Intelligence
Dates:Dec 05-06, 2016
Location:Hong Kong, China

2274
[Keynote Speech]: Risk Management during the Rendition Process: Use of Screen-Voice Recordings in Translator Training
Author: Dr. Maggie Tt Hui
Institution: Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Conference: ICSTE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Science and Technology Education
Dates:Dec 05-06, 2016
Location:Hong Kong, China
Abstract:
Risk management is not a new concept; however, it is an uncharted area as applied to the translation process and translator training. Serving as one of the self-discovery activities in their practicum course, a two-cycle experiment was carried out with a class of 13 MA translation students with an attempt to explore their risk management while translating in a simulated setting that involves translator-client relations. To test the effects of the main variable of translators’ interaction with the simulated clients, the researcher employed control-group translators and two experiment groups (with Group A being the translator in Cycle 1 and the client in Cycle 2, and Group B on the client position in Cycle 1 and the translator position in Cycle 2). Experiment cycle 1 aims to explore if there would be any behavioral difference in risk management between translators with interaction with the simulated clients, i.e. experiment group A, and their counterparts without such interaction, i.e. control group. Design of Cycle 2 concerns the order of playing different roles of the translator and client in the experiment, and provides information to compare behavior of translators of the two experiment groups. Since this is process-oriented research, it is necessary to hypothesize what was happening in the translators’ minds. The researcher made use of a user-friendly screen-voice recording freeware to record subjects’ screen activities, including every word the translator typed and every change they made to the rendition, the websites they browsed and the reference tools they used, in addition to the verbalization of their thoughts throughout the process. The research observes the translation procedures subjects considered and finally adopted, and looks into the justifications for their procedures, in order to interpret their risk management. The qualitative and quantitative results of this study have some implications for translator training: (a) the experience of being a client seems to reinforce the translator’s risk aversion; (b) the use of role-playing simulation can empower students’ learning by enhancing their attitudinal or psycho-physiological competence, interpersonal competence and strategic competence; and (c) the screen-voice recordings serve as a helpful tool for learners to reflect on their rendition processes, i.e. what they performed satisfactorily and unsatisfactorily while translating and what they could do for improvement in future translation tasks.

436
[Keynote Speech]: Prediction of Free Fatty Acid in Crude Palm Oil Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Herlina Abdul Rahim
Institution: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Conference: ICABBBE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Agricultural, Biotechnology, Biological and Biosystems Engineering
Dates:Dec 01-02, 2016
Location:Penang, Malaysia

436
[Keynote Speech]: A Hydraulics Physical Modelling Study of Pump Sump and Spillway
Author: Dr. Mohd Remy Rozainy Mohd Arif Zainol
Institution: Universiti Sains Malaysia
Conference: ICFMT 2016 : 18th International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics
Dates:Dec 01-02, 2016
Location:Penang, Malaysia

436
[Keynote Speech]: Poling Mechanism of Sol-gel Gadolinium Doped Barium Titanate Thin Films
Author: Dr. Ala'eddin Saif
Institution: University Malaysia Perlis
Conference: ICCET 2016 : 18th International Conference on Chemical Engineering and Technology
Dates:Dec 01-02, 2016
Location:Penang, Malaysia

436
[Keynote Speech]: Non-Edible Vegetable Oil-Based Polyurethane and Its Applications
Author: Dr. Min Min Aung
Institution: University Putra Malaysia
Conference: ICCBE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering
Dates:Dec 01-02, 2016
Location:Penang, Malaysia

436
[Keynote Speech]: WeCWI Integrated Formula: Empowering Teachers through Adaptive Learning Technology
Author: Dr. Boon Yih Mah
Institution: Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
Conference: ICELD 2016 : 18th International Conference on Education, Learning and Development
Dates:Dec 01-02, 2016
Location:Penang, Malaysia

436
[Keynote Speech]: Evolution of Solder Alloys
Author: Dr. Ervina Efzan Mhd Noor
Institution: Multimedia University
Conference: ICMRT 2016 : 18th International Conference on Materials Research and Technology
Dates:Dec 01-02, 2016
Location:Penang, Malaysia
Abstract:
This will be considered as a Keynote Speech for the conference. This will be considered as a Keynote Speech for the conference. This will be considered as a Keynote Speech for the conference. This will be considered as a Keynote Speech for the conference. This will be considered as a Keynote Speech for the conference. This will be considered as a Keynote Speech for the conference. This will be considered as a Keynote Speech for the conference. This will be considered as a Keynote Speech for the conference.

436
[Keynote Speech]: Conceptual Design of a Short Take-Off and Landing (STOL) Light Sport Aircraft
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Zamri Omar
Institution: Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM University)
Conference: ICCRA 2016 : 18th International Conference on Civil and Recreational Aviation
Dates:Dec 01-02, 2016
Location:Penang, Malaysia
Abstract:
Although flying machines have made their tremendous technological advancement since the first successfully flight of the heavier-than-air aircraft, its benefits to the greater community are still belittled. One of the reasons for this drawback is due to the relatively high cost needed to fly on the typical light aircraft. A smaller and lighter plane, widely known as Light Sport Aircraft (LSA) has the potential to attract more people to actively participate in numerous flying activities, such as for recreational, business trips or other personal purposes. In this paper, we propose a new LSA design with some simple, yet important analysis required in the aircraft conceptual design stage.

436
[Keynote Speech]: An Overview on the Effectiveness of Critical Thinking on Knowledge
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Solehah Yaacob
Institution: International Islamic University
Conference: ICCT 2016 : 18th International Conference on Critical Thinking
Dates:Dec 01-02, 2016
Location:Penang, Malaysia
Abstract:
The study focuses on revisiting the effectiveness of Critical Thinking in human mind capability as a major faculty in human life. The tool used as a measurement of this knowledge ability consists of several processes including experience and education background. To emphasize the `Overview` concept, the researcher highlights two major aspects of philosophical approach, they are; Divine Revelation Concept and Modern Scientific Theory. The research compares between the both parties to introduce the Divine Revelation into Modern Scientific theory. An analytical and critical study of the both concepts become the methodology of the discussion.

436
[Keynote Speech]: Future Expectation for Geotechnical Engineering in Malaysia
Author: Prof. Dr. Ramli Nazir
Institution: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Conference: ICGCE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Geotechnical and Civil Engineering
Dates:Dec 01-02, 2016
Location:Penang, Malaysia

436
[Keynote Speech]: Business Engineering for Modern World
Author: Dr. Shahryar Sorooshian
Institution: University Malaysia Pahang
Conference: ICBE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Business Engineering
Dates:Dec 01-02, 2016
Location:Penang, Malaysia

436
[Keynote Speech]: Thermal Analysis of Starch Filled Propane-1,2,3-Triol Biopolymer Film
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Maizatulnisa Othman
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Conference: ICMAAM 2016 : 18th International Conference on Material Analysis and Advanced Materials
Dates:Dec 01-02, 2016
Location:Penang, Malaysia

436
[Keynote Speech]: Plastic Packing Bag: Impact of Its Usage on Solid Waste Generation Rate and Composition
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohd Suffian Yusoff
Institution: Universiti Sains Malaysia
Conference: ICSW 2016 : 18th International Conference on Solid Waste
Dates:Dec 01-02, 2016
Location:Penang, Malaysia

2292
[Keynote Talk]: Some Underlying Factors and Partial Solutions to the Global Water Crisis
Author: Dr. Emery Coppola Jr
Institution: Noah LLC
Conference: ICWRM 2016 : 18th International Conference on Water Recycle and Wastewater Treatment
Dates:Nov 24-25, 2016
Location:Havana, Cuba
Abstract:
Water resources are being depleted and degraded at an alarming and non-sustainable rate worldwide. In some areas, it is progressing more slowly. In other areas, irreversible damage has already occurred, rendering regions largely unsuitable for human existence with destruction of the environment and the economy. Today, 2.5 billion people or 36 percent of the world population live in water-stressed areas. The convergence of factors that created this global water crisis includes local, regional, and global failures. In this paper, a survey of some of these factors is presented. They include abuse of political power and regulatory acquiescence, improper planning and design, ignoring good science and models, systemic failures, and division between the powerful and the powerless. Increasing water demand imposed by exploding human populations and growing economies with short-falls exacerbated by climate change and continuing water quality degradation will accelerate this growing water crisis in many areas. Without regional measures to improve water efficiencies and protect dwindling and vulnerable water resources, environmental and economic displacement of populations and conflict over water resources will only grow. Perhaps more challenging, a global commitment is necessary to curtail if not reverse the devastating effects of climate change. Factors will be illustrated by real-world examples, followed by some partial solutions offered by water experts for helping to mitigate the growing water crisis. These solutions include more water efficient technologies, education and incentivization for water conservation, wastewater treatment for reuse, and improved data collection and utilization.

2353
[Keynote Speech]: A Model for Enhancement of Learning for Children with 'Special Needs' in a Mainstream Primary School using Constructivist-Oriented Approach
Author: Dr. Elizabeth Ow
Institution: Henry Park Primary School
Conference: ICPCEBS 2016 : 18th International Conference on Psychology, Cognitive, Education and Behavioral Sciences
Dates:Nov 21-22, 2016
Location:Singapore, SG

2353
[Keynote Speech]: Engineering in Translational Medicine and Intelligent Systems: Automated Cord Blood Collection
Author: Dr. Kok Zuea Tang
Institution: National University of Singapore
Conference: ICESMB 2016 : 18th International Conference on Engineering Systems in Medicine and Biology
Dates:Nov 21-22, 2016
Location:Singapore, SG

2353
[Keynote Speech]: Disruptive Technological Changes Enabling Maritime Autonomous Vehicles
Author: Dr. Dilip K. Prasad
Institution: [email protected] Corporate Lab
Conference: ICIVA 2016 : 18th International Conference on Intelligent Vehicles and Applications
Dates:Nov 21-22, 2016
Location:Singapore, SG

2353
[Keynote Speech]: The Intersection between Biodesign, Culture and Technology in the Design World
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Galina Mihaleva
Institution: Nanyang Technological University
Conference: ICCCD 2016 : 18th International Conference on Creativity, Culture and Design
Dates:Nov 21-22, 2016
Location:Singapore, SG

455
[Keynote Talk]: An Exploration of the Dimensions of Place-Making: A South African Case Study
Author: PhD Candidate Bora ARDIL
Institution: Okan University
Conference: ICSAUD 2016 : 18th International Conference on Sustainable Architecture and Urban Design
Dates:Nov 03-04, 2016
Location:Cape Town, South Africa

455
[Keynote Talk]: An Exploration of the Dimensions of Place-Making: A South African Case Study
Author: Mr. Wessel Strydom
Institution: North-West University, Potchefstroom Campus
Conference: ICSAUD 2016 : 18th International Conference on Sustainable Architecture and Urban Design
Dates:Nov 03-04, 2016
Location:Cape Town, South Africa

2253
[Keynote Talk]: New Generations and Employment: An Exploratory Study about Tensions between the Psycho-Social Characteristics of the Generation Z and Expectations and Actions of Organizational Structures Related with Employment (CABA, 2016)
Author: Prof. Dr. Esteban Maioli
Institution: Argentine University of Enterprise
Conference: ICSCH 2016 : 18th International Conference on Sociology, Culture and Humanities
Dates:Oct 27-28, 2016
Location:Buenos Aires, Argentina
Abstract:
Generational studies have an important research tradition in social and human sciences. On the one hand, the speed of social change in the context of globalization imposes the need to research the transformations are identified both the subjectivity of the agents involved and its inclusion in the institutional matrix, specifically employment. Generation Z, (generally considered as the population group whose birth occurs after 1995) have unique psycho-social characteristics. Gen Z is characterized by a different set of values, beliefs, attitudes and ambitions that impact in their concrete action in organizational structures. On the other hand, managers often have to deal with generational differences in the workplace. Organizations have members who belong to different generations; they had never before faced the challenge of having such a diverse group of members. The members of each historical generation are characterized by a different set of values, beliefs, attitudes and ambitions that are manifest in their concrete action in organizational structures. Gen Z it’s the only one who can fully be considered "global," while its members were born in the consolidated context of globalization. Some salient features of the Generation Z can be summarized as follows. They’re the first fully born into a digital world. Social networks and technology are integrated into their lives. They are concerned about the challenges of the modern world (poverty, inequality, climate change, among others). They are self-expressive, more liberal and open to change. They often bore easily, with short attention spans. They do not like routine tasks. They want to achieve a good life-work balance, and they are interested in a flexible work environment, as opposed to traditional work schedule. They are critical thinkers, who come with innovative and creative ideas to help. Research design considered methodological triangulation. Data was collected with two techniques: a self-administered survey with multiple choice questions and attitudinal scales applied over a non-probabilistic sample by reasoned decision. According to the multi-method strategy, also it was conducted in-depth interviews. Organizations constantly face new challenges. One of the biggest ones is to learn to manage a multi-generational scope of work. While Gen Z has not yet been fully incorporated (expected to do so in five years or so), many organizations have already begun to implement a series of changes in its recruitment and development. The main obstacle to retaining young talent is the gap between the expectations of iGen applicants and what companies offer. Members of the iGen expect not only a good salary and job stability but also a clear career plan. Generation Z needs to have immediate feedback on their tasks. However, many organizations have yet to improve both motivation and monitoring practices. It is essential for companies to take a review of organizational practices anchored in the culture of the organization.

2298
[Keynote Talk]: Analysis of Intelligent Based Fault Tolerant Capability System for Solar Photovoltaic Energy Conversion
Author: Dr. Albert Alexander Stonier
Institution: Northeastern University
Conference: ICNRER 2016 : 18th International Conference on Nuclear and Renewable Energy Resources
Dates:Oct 10-11, 2016
Location:New York, USA
Abstract:
Due to the fossil fuel exhaustion and environmental pollution, renewable energy sources especially solar photovoltaic system plays a predominant role in providing energy to the consumers. It has been estimated that by 2050 the renewable energy sources will satisfy 50% of the total energy requirement of the world. In this context, the faults in the conversion process require a special attention which is considered as a major problem. A fault which remains even for a few seconds will cause undesirable effects to the system. The presentation comprises of the analysis, causes, effects and mitigation methods of various faults occurring in the entire solar photovoltaic energy conversion process. In order to overcome the faults in the system, an intelligent based artificial neural networks and fuzzy logic are proposed which can significantly mitigate the faults. Hence the presentation intends to find the problem in renewable energy and provides the possible solution to overcome it with simulation and experimental results. The work performed in a 3kWp solar photovoltaic plant whose results cites the improvement in reliability, availability, power quality and fault tolerant ability.

2298
[Keynote Talk]: Discovering Liouville-Type Problems for p-Energy Minimizing Maps in Closed Half-Ellipsoids by Calculus Variation Method
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Lina Wu
Institution: Borough of Manhattan Community College, The City University of New York
Conference: ICDGA 2016 : 18th International Conference on Differential Geometry and Applications
Dates:Oct 10-11, 2016
Location:New York, USA
Abstract:
The goal of this project is to investigate constant properties (called the Liouville-type Problem) for a p-stable map as a local or global minimum of a p-energy functional where the domain is a Euclidean space and the target space is a closed half-ellipsoid. The First and Second Variation Formulas for a p-energy functional has been applied in the Calculus Variation Method as computation techniques. Stokes’ Theorem, Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality, Hardy-Sobolev type Inequalities, and the Bochner Formula as estimation techniques have been used to estimate the lower bound and the upper bound of the derived p-Harmonic Stability Inequality. One challenging point in this project is to construct a family of variation maps such that the images of variation maps must be guaranteed in a closed half-ellipsoid. The other challenging point is to find a contradiction between the lower bound and the upper bound in an analysis of p-Harmonic Stability Inequality when a p-energy minimizing map is not constant. Therefore, the possibility of a non-constant p-energy minimizing map has been ruled out and the constant property for a p-energy minimizing map has been obtained. Our research finding is to explore the constant property for a p-stable map from a Euclidean space into a closed half-ellipsoid in a certain range of p. The certain range of p is determined by the dimension values of a Euclidean space (the domain) and an ellipsoid (the target space). The certain range of p is also bounded by the curvature values on an ellipsoid (that is, the ratio of the longest axis to the shortest axis). Regarding Liouville-type results for a p-stable map, our research finding on an ellipsoid is a generalization of mathematicians’ results on a sphere. Our result is also an extension of mathematicians’ Liouville-type results from a special ellipsoid with only one parameter to any ellipsoid with (n+1) parameters in the general setting.

2298
[Keynote Talk]: Evidence Fusion in Decision Making
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohammad Abdullah-Al-Wadud
Institution: King Saud University
Conference: ICMLDA 2016 : 18th International Conference on Machine Learning and Data Analysis
Dates:Oct 10-11, 2016
Location:New York, USA
Abstract:
In the current era of automation and artificial intelligence, different systems have been increasingly keeping on depending on decision-making capabilities of machines. Such systems/applications may range from simple classifiers to sophisticated surveillance systems based on traditional sensors and related equipment which are becoming more common in the internet of things (IoT) paradigm. However, the available data for such problems are usually imprecise and incomplete, which leads to uncertainty in decisions made based on traditional probability-based classifiers. This requires a robust fusion framework to combine the available information sources with some degree of certainty. The theory of evidence can provide with such a method for combining evidence from different (may be unreliable) sources/observers. This talk will address the employment of the Dempster-Shafer Theory of evidence in some practical applications.

2298
[Keynote Talk]: Tips on How to Stay Successful in Academia
Author: Dr. Ellie Abdi
Institution: Montclair State University, East Orange School District
Conference: ICECEC 2016 : 18th International Conference on Early Childhood Education and Care
Dates:Oct 10-11, 2016
Location:New York, USA

429
[Keynote Talk]: Neocraft: Exploring and Merging Traditional Textile Techniques with Smart Materials and Technology
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Galina Mihaleva
Institution: Nanyang Technological University
Conference: ICTF 2016 : 18th International Conference on Textiles and Fashion
Dates:Sep 08-09, 2016
Location:Singapore, SG

491
[Keynote Talk]: Wave-Tidal Integral Turbine Hybrid Generation Approach for Characterizing Performance of Surface Wave
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Shatirah Akib
Institution: Heriot-Watt University
Conference: ICCSEE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering
Dates:Aug 25-26, 2016
Location:London, United Kingdom
Abstract:
Boundless renewable energy, such as tidal energy, tidal current energy, wave energy, thermal energy and chemical energy are covered and possessed by oceans. The hybrid system helps in improving the economic and environmental sustainability of renewable energy systems to fulfill the energy demand. The objective and concept of hybridizing renewable energy is to meet the desired system requirements, with the lowest value of the energy cost. This paper reviews applications of using hybrid power generation system for remote area. It also highlights the future directions to investigate the impacts of surface waves on turbine design and performance. The importance of understanding the site-specific wave conditions could also been explored.

425
[Keynote Talk:] Everything I Need to Know in Academics I Learned From Athletes
Author: Dr. Ellie Abdi
Institution: Montclair State University, East Orange School District
Conference: ICPESS 2016 : 18th International Conference on Physical Education and Sport Science
Dates:Aug 22-23, 2016
Location:Paris, France

490
[Keynote]: No-Trust-Zone Architecture for Securing Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
Author: Mr. Michael Okeke
Institution: University of South Wales
Conference: ICCCIS 2016 : 18th International Conference on Cryptography, Coding and Information Security
Dates:Jul 28-29, 2016
Location:London, United Kingdom
Abstract:
Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) as the state of the art Industrial Control Systems (ICS) are used in many different critical infrastructures, from smart home to energy systems and from locomotives train system to planes. Security of SCADA systems is vital since many lives depend on it for daily activities and deviation from normal operation could be disastrous to the environment as well as lives. This paper describes how No-Trust-Zone (NTZ) architecture could be incorporated into SCADA Systems in order to reduce the chances of malicious intent. The architecture is made up of two distinctive parts which are; the field devices such as; sensors, PLCs pumps, and actuators. The second part of the architecture is designed following lambda architecture, which is made up of a detection algorithm based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) and Hadoop framework for data processing and storage. Apache Spark will be a part of the lambda architecture for real-time analysis of packets for anomalies detection.

417
[Keynote Talk:] Everything I Know in Academics, I Owe It to Sports
Author: Dr. Ellie Abdi
Institution: Montclair State University, East Orange School District
Conference: ICHIHIM 2016 : 18th International Conference on Health Informatics and Health Information Management
Dates:Jun 06-07, 2016
Location:New York, USA

479
[Keynote Talk:] Is There an Association between C-Reactive Protein and Obesity? Applying on Nhanes Data
Author: Dr. Ghada Abo-Zaid
Institution: Ain-Shams University
Conference: ICPMIM 2016 : 18th International Conference on Preventive Medicine and Integrative Medicine
Dates:Jun 01-02, 2016
Location:Dubai, UAE

477
[Keynote Talk]: Software Reliability Assessment and Fault Tolerance: Issues and Challenges
Author: Dr. T Gayen
Institution: Jawaharlal Nehru University
Conference: ICECECE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Electrical, Computer, Electronics and Communication Engineering
Dates:Apr 25-26, 2016
Location:Boston, USA
Abstract:
Although, there are several software reliability models existing today there does not exist any versatile model even today which can be used for the reliability assessment of software. Complex software has a large number of states (unlike the hardware) so it becomes practically difficult to completely test the software. Irrespective of the amount of testing one does, sometimes it becomes extremely difficult to assure that the final software product is fault free. The Black Box Software Reliability models are found be quite uncertain for the reliability assessment of various systems. As mission critical applications need to be highly reliable and since it is not always possible to ensure the development of highly reliable system. Hence, in order to achieve fault-free operation of software one develops some mechanism to handle faults remaining in the system even after the development. Although, several such techniques are currently in use to achieve fault tolerance, yet these mechanisms may not always be very suitable for various systems. Hence, this discussion is focused on analyzing the issues and challenges faced with the existing techniques for reliability assessment and fault tolerance of various software systems.

458
[Keynote Talk]: Monitoring of Ultrafine Particle Number and Size Distribution at One Urban Background Site in Leicester
Author: PhD Candidate Sarkawt Hama
Institution: University of Leicester
Conference: ICAST 2016 : 18th International Conference on Aerosol Science and Technology
Dates:Apr 14-15, 2016
Location:Lisbon, Portugal
Abstract:
Within the Joaquin project, ultrafine particles (UFP) are continuously measured at one urban background site in Leicester. The main aims are to examine the temporal and seasonal variations in UFP number concentration and size distribution in an urban environment, and to try to assess the added value of continuous UFP measurements. In addition, relations of UFP with more commonly monitored pollutants such as black carbon (BC), nitrogen oxides (NOX), particulate matter (PM2.5), and the lung deposited surface area(LDSA) were evaluated. The effects of meteorological conditions, particularly wind speed and direction, and also temperature on the observed distribution of ultrafine particles will be detailed. The study presents the results from an experimental investigation into the particle number concentration size distribution of UFP, BC, and NOX with measurements taken at the Automatic Urban and Rural Network (AURN) monitoring site in Leicester. The monitoring was performed as part of the EU project JOAQUIN (Joint Air Quality Initiative) supported by the INTERREG IVB NWE program. The total number concentrations (TNC) were measured by a water-based condensation particle counter (W-CPC) (TSI model 3783), the particle number concentrations (PNC) and size distributions were measured by an ultrafine particle monitor (UFP TSI model 3031), the BC by MAAP (Thermo-5012), the NOX by NO-NO2-NOx monitor (Thermos Scientific 42i), and a Nanoparticle Surface Area Monitor (NSAM, TSI 3550) was used to measure the LDSA (reported as μm2 cm−3) corresponding to the alveolar region of the lung between November 2013 and November 2015. The average concentrations of particle number concentrations were observed in summer with lower absolute values of PNC than in winter might be related mainly to particles directly emitted by traffic and to the more favorable conditions of atmospheric dispersion. Results showed a traffic-related diurnal variation of UFP, BC, NOX and LDSA with clear morning and evening rush hour peaks on weekdays, only an evening peak at the weekends. Correlation coefficients were calculated between UFP and other pollutants (BC and NOX). The highest correlation between them was found in winter months. Overall, the results support the notion that local traffic emissions were a major contributor of the atmospheric particles pollution and a clear seasonal pattern was found, with higher values during the cold season.

1443
[Keynote Talk]: Molecular Diodes
Author: PhD Candidate Filiberto Montiel
Institution: Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico
Conference: ICMSCMP 2016 : 18th International Conference on Material Science and Condensed Matter Physics
Dates:Mar 30-31, 2016
Location:Prague, Czech Republic

442
[Keynote Talk]: Role of Leaders in Managing Employees’ Dysfunctional Behavior at Workplace
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Aya Maher
Institution: German University in Cairo
Conference: ICOBHRM 2016 : 18th International Conference on Organization Behavior and Human Resource Management
Dates:Mar 24-25, 2016
Location:Miami, USA
Abstract:
The objective of this theoretical study is to explore in depth the role of leaders in managing employees’ dysfunctional behavior at workplace in an effort to recommend strategies and solutions for these destructive behaviors that affect employees’ performance. The significance of the study lies in the fact that dysfunctional behavior has been widely spread in almost all organizations, public and private, with its very destructive manifestations. Dysfunctional behavior may be classified into thefts, sabotage, sexual harassment, jealousy, envy, revenge, vulgarity all of which affect employees’ moral, self-esteem and satisfaction level drastically which will be reflected negatively on their performance and productivity. The main research question will focus on the role of leaders in managing employees’ dysfunctional behavior effectively at the workplace through the different strategies and control measures. In this study, the data will be collected from different academic literature and through some primary data by conducting interviews with some public and private employees from different managerial levels and fields.

442
[Keynote Talk]: Formal Specification and Description Language and Message Sequence Chart to Model and Validate Session Initiation Protocol Services
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Sa'ed Abed
Institution: Kuwait University
Conference: ICETCIT 2016 : 18th International Conference on Emerging Trends in Computer and Information Technology
Dates:Mar 24-25, 2016
Location:Miami, USA
Abstract:
Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is a signaling layer protocol for building, adjusting and ending sessions among participants including Internet conferences, telephone calls and multimedia distribution. SIP facilitates user movement by proxying and forwarding requests to the present location of the user. In this paper, we provide a formal Specification and Description Language (SDL) and Message Sequence Chart (MSC) to model and define the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) SIP protocol and its sample services resulted from informal SIP specification. We create an “Abstract User Interface” using case analysis so that can be applied to identify SIP services more explicitly. The issued sample SIP features are then used as case scenarios; they are revised in MSCs format and validated to their corresponding SDL models.

488
[Keynote Talk]: Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) for Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL/ESOL) as a Foreign Language (TEFL/EFL), Second Language (TESL/ESL), or Additional Language (TEAL/EAL)
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Andrew Laghos
Institution: Cyprus University of Technology
Conference: ICCITE 2016 : 18th International Conference on Computers and Information Technology in Education
Dates:Mar 17-18, 2016
Location:London, United Kingdom
Abstract:
Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) is defined as the use of computers to help learn languages. In this study we look at several different types of CALL tools and applications and how they can assist Adults and Young Learners in learning the English language as a foreign, second or additional language. It is important to identify the roles of the teacher and the learners, and what the learners’ motivations are for learning the language. Audio, video, interactive multimedia games, online translation services, conferencing, chat rooms, discussion forums, social networks, social media, email communication, songs and music video clips are just some of the many ways computers are currently being used to enhance language learning. CALL may be used for classroom teaching as well as for online and mobile learning. Advantages and disadvantages of CALL are discussed and the study ends with future predictions of CALL.

406
[Keynote Talk]: Innovative Academic Accreditation Strategies towards Global Education Excellence
Author: Prof. Dr. Eric Goh
Institution: Universiti Sains Malaysia
Conference: ICCETA 2016 : 18th International Conference on Computer Engineering : Theory and Application
Dates:Mar 03-04, 2016
Location:Singapore, SG

403
[Keynote Talk]: Let Us Move to Ethical Finance: A Case Study of Takaful
Author: PhD Candidate Ahmed Salman Syed
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Conference: ICIAF 2016 : 18th International Conference on Islamic Accounting and Finance
Dates:Feb 11-12, 2016
Location:Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Abstract:
Ethicality is essential in our daily activities, including personal and commercial activities. This is evidenced by referring to the historical development of the corporate governance and ethical guidelines. The first corporate governance guideline, i.e. Cadbury Report from U.K. focuses the responsibility of board members towards the shareholders only. Gradually, realising the need to take care of the society and community, stakeholders are now concerns of business entities. Consequently, later codes of corporate governance started extending the responsibility to the other stakeholders in addition to the shareholders. One prevailing corporate governance theory, i.e. stakeholder theory, has been widely used in the research to explore the effects of business entities on society. In addition, the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) is the leading organisation which promotes social care from businesses for sustainable development. Conventionally, history shows that ethics is key to the long term success of businesses. Many organisations, societies, and regulators give full attention and consideration to ethics. Several countries have introduced ethical codes of conduct to direct trade activities. Similarly, Islam and other religions prohibit the practice of interest, uncertainty, and gambling because of its unethical nature. These prohibited practices are not at all good for the society, business, and any organisation especially as it is detrimental to the well-being of society. In order to avoid unethicality in the finance industry, Shari’ah scholars come out with the idea of Islamic finance which is free from the prohibited elements from the Islamic perspective. It can also be termed ethical finance. This paper highlights how Takaful as one of the Islamic finance products offers fair and just products to the contracting parties and the society. Takaful is framed based on ethical guidelines which are extracted from Shari’ah principles and divine sources such as the Quran and Sunnah. Takaful products have been widely offered all over the world, including in both Muslim and non-Muslim countries. It seems that it is gaining acceptance regardless of religion. This is evidence that Takaful is being accepted as an ethical financial product.

401
[Keynote Talk]: Mental Health Challenges Among Women in Dubai, Mental Health Needs Assessment for Dubai (2015), Public Health and Safety Department - Dubai Health Authority (DHA)
Author: Dr. Kadhim Alabady
Institution: Dubai Health Authority (DHA)
Conference: ICWMH 2016 : 18th International Conference on Women´s Mental Health
Dates:Jan 28-29, 2016
Location:Dubai, UAE

401
[Keynote Talk]: Aerodynamic Effects of Ice and Its Influences on Flight Characteristics of Low Speed Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Author: Dr. Ian Mcandrew
Institution: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
Conference: ICMAME 2016 : 18th International Conference on Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering
Dates:Jan 28-29, 2016
Location:Dubai, UAE
Abstract:
This paper presents the theory and application of low speed flight for unmanned aerial vehicles when subjected to surface environmental conditions such as ice on the leading edge and upper surface. A model was developed and tested in a wind tunnel to see how theory compares with practice at various speed including take-off, landing and operational applications where head winds substantially alter parameters. Furthermore, a comparison is drawn with maned operations and how that this subject is currently under supported with accurate theory or knowledge for designers or operators to make informed decision or accommodate individual applications. The effects of ice formation for lift and drag are determined for a range of different angles of attacks.

400
[Keynote Talk]: Swiss Scientific Society for Developing Countries: A Concept of Relationship
Author: Dr. Jawad Alzeer
Institution: University of Zurich
Conference: ICHSS 2016 : 18th International Conference on Human and Social Sciences
Dates:Jan 12-13, 2016
Location:Zurich, Switzerland
Abstract:
Cultural setup is varied from country to country and nation to nation, but the ability to adapt successfully to the new cultural setup may pave the way toward the development of cultural intelligence. Overcoming differences may require to build up our personality with the ability to learn, exchange thoughts, and have a constructive dream. Adaptation processes can be accelerated if we effectively utilize our cultural diversity. This can be done through a unified body or society; people with common goals can collectively work to satisfy their values. Narrowing the gap between developed and developing countries is of prime importance. Many international organizations are trying to resolve these issues by rational and peaceful means. Failing to understand the cultural differences, mentalities, strengths and weaknesses of developed and developing countries led to the collapse of many partnerships. Establishment of a neutral body influenced by developed countries intellectuality and developing countries personality may offer a better understanding and reasonable solutions, suggestions, advice that may assist in narrowing gaps and promote-strengthening relationship between developed and developing countries. The key issues, goals, and potential concepts associated with initiating Swiss scientific society for developing countries as a model to facilitate integration of highly skilled scientists are discussed.

441
[Keynote Talk]: Innovative Green Technology Research towards Global Sustainability
Author: Prof. Dr. Eric Goh
Institution: Universiti Sains Malaysia
Conference: ICIST 2016 : 18th International Conference on Information Science and Technology
Dates:Jan 07-08, 2016
Location:Singapore, SG

216
Keynote Talk: The Role of Internet of Things in the Smart Cities Power System
Author: Prof. Dr. Abdul-Rahman Al-Ali
Institution: American University of Sharjah
Conference: ICECECE 2015 : 17th International Conference on Electrical, Computer, Electronics and Communication Engineering
Dates:Dec 23-24, 2015
Location:Dubai, UAE
Abstract:
As the number of mobile devices is growing exponentially, it is estimated to connect about 50 million devices to the Internet by the year 2020. At the end of this decade, it is expected that an average of eight connected devices per person worldwide. The 50 billion devices are not mobile phones and data browsing gadgets only, but machine-to-machine and man-to-machine devices. With such growing numbers of devices the Internet of Things (I.o.T) concept is one of the emerging technologies as of recently. Within the smart grid technologies, smart home appliances, Intelligent Electronic Devices (IED) and Distributed Energy Resources (DER) are major I.o.T objects that can be addressable using the IPV6. These objects are called the smart grid internet of things (SG-I.o.T). The SG-I.o.T generates big data that requires high-speed computing infrastructure, widespread computer networks, big data storage, software, and platforms services. A company’s utility control and data centers cannot handle such a large number of devices, high-speed processing, and massive data storage. Building large data center’s infrastructure takes a long time, it also requires widespread communication networks and huge capital investment. To maintain and upgrade control and data centers’ infrastructure and communication networks as well as updating and renewing software licenses which collectively, requires additional cost. This can be overcome by utilizing the emerging computing paradigms such as cloud computing. This can be used as a smart grid enabler to replace the legacy of utilities data centers. The talk will highlight the role of I.o.T, cloud computing services and their development models within the smart grid technologies.

217
[Keynote Talk]: Engineering and Technological Innovations for a Better Tomorrow
Author: Prof. Dr. Eric Goh
Institution: Universiti Sains Malaysia
Conference: ICCEIT 2015 : 17th International Conference on Computer Engineering and Information Technology
Dates:Dec 13-14, 2015
Location:Melbourne, Australia

194
[Keynote Talk]: Recent Advances in Information Technology towards Industrial Sustainability
Author: Prof. Dr. Eric Goh
Institution: Universiti Sains Malaysia
Conference: ICCSSE 2015 : 17th International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering
Dates:Dec 10-11, 2015
Location:Sydney, Australia

193
[Keynote Speaker]: Some Similarity Considerations for Design of Experiments for Hybrid Buoyant Aerial Vehicle
Author: Mr. Anwar Ul Haque
Institution: International Islamic University Malaysia
Conference: ICAA 2015 : 17th International Conference on Aeronautics and Astronautics
Dates:Dec 03-04, 2015
Location:Penang, Malaysia
Abstract:
Buoyancy force applied on deformable symmetric bodies can be estimated by using Archimedes Principle. Such bodies like ellipsoidal bodies have high volume to surface ratio and are isometrically scaled for mass, length, area and volume to follow square cube law. For scaling up such bodies, it is worthwhile to find out the scaling relationship between the other physical quantities that represent thermodynamic, structural and inertial response etc. So, dimensionless similarities to find an allometric scale can be developed by using Bukingham π theorem which utilizes physical dimensions of important parameters. Base on this fact, physical dependencies of buoyancy system are reviewed to find the set of physical variables for deformable bodies of revolution filled with expandable gas like helium. Due to change in atmospheric conditions, this gas changes its volume and this change can effect the stability of elongated bodies on the ground as well as in te air. Special emphasis was given on the existing similarity parameters which can be used in the design of experiments of such bodies whose shape is affected by the external force like a drag, surface tension and kinetic loads acting on the surface. All these similarity criteria are based on non-dimensionalization, which also needs to be consider for scaling up such bodies.

153
[Keynote Talk]: Photocatalytic Cleaning Performance of Air Filters for a Binary Mixture
Author: Dr. Lexuan Zhong
Institution: University of Michigan
Conference: ICACEE 2015 : 17th International Conference on Architectural, Civil and Environmental Engineering
Dates:Oct 08-09, 2015
Location:Chicago, USA
Abstract:
Ultraviolet photocatalytic oxidation (UV-PCO) technology has been recommended as a green approach to health indoor environment when it is integrated into mechanical ventilation systems for inorganic and organic compounds removal as well as energy saving due to less outdoor air intakes. Although much research has been devoted to UV-PCO, limited information is available on the UV-PCO behavior tested by the mixtures in literature. This project investigated UV-PCO performance and by-product generation using a single and a mixture of acetone and MEK at 100 ppb each in a single-pass duct system in an effort to obtain knowledge associated with competitive photochemical reactions involved in. The experiments were performed at 20 % RH, 22 °C, and a gas flow rate of 128 m3/h (75 cfm). Results show that acetone and MEK mutually reduced each other’s PCO removal efficiency, particularly negative removal efficiency for acetone. These findings were different from previous observation of facilitatory effects on the adsorption of acetone and MEK on photocatalyst surfaces.

169
[Keynote Talk]: The Challenges and Solutions for Developing Mobile Apps in a Small University
Author: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Cheer-Sun Yang
Institution: West Chester University
Conference: ICMSE 2015 : 17th International Conference on Mobile Software Engineering
Dates:Oct 08-09, 2015
Location:Osaka, Japan
Abstract:
As computing technology advances, smartphone applications can assist in student learning in a pervasive way. For example, the idea of using a mobile apps for the PA Common Trees, Pests, Pathogens, in the field as a reference tool allows middle school students to learn about trees and associated pests/pathogens without bringing a textbook. In the past, some researches study the mobile software Mobile Application Software Development Life Cycle (MADLC) including traditional models such as the waterfall model, or more recent Agile Methods. Others study the issues related to the software development process. Very little research is on the development of three heterogenous mobile systems simultaneously in a small university where the availability of developers is an issue. In this paper, we propose to use a hybride model of Waterfall Model and the Agile Model, known as the Relay Race Methodology (RRM) in practice, to reflect the concept of racing and relaying for scheduling. Based on the development project, we observe that the modeling of the transition between any two phases is manifested naturally. Thus, we claim that the RRM model can provide a de fecto rather than a de jure basis for the core concept in the MADLC. In this paper, the background of the project is introduced first. Then, the challenges are pointed out followed by our solutions. Finally, the experiences learned and the future work are presented.

185
[Keynote Talk]: A Blueprint for an Educational Trajectory: The Power of Discourse in Constructing “Naughty” and “Adorable” Kindergarten Students
Author: Dr. Fernanda Orsati
Institution: Hussman Institute for Autism, Towson University
Conference: ICDD 2015 : 17th International Conference on Disability and Diversity
Dates:Sep 25-26, 2015
Location:London, United Kingdom
Abstract:
Discursive practices enacted by educators in kindergarten create a blueprint for how the educational trajectories of students with disabilities are constructed. This two-year ethnographic case study critically examine educators’ relationships with students considered to present challenging behaviors in one kindergarten classroom located in a predominantly White middle-class school district in the Northeast of the United States. Focusing on the language and practices used by one special education teacher and three teaching assistants, this paper analyzes how teacher responses to students’ behaviors constructs and positions students over one year of kindergarten education. Using a critical discourse analysis, it shows that educators understand students’ behaviors as a deficit and needing consequences. This study highlights how educators’ responses reflect students' individual characteristics including family background, socioeconomics and ability status. This paper offers in-depth analysis of two students’ stories, which evidenced that the language used by educators amplifies the social positioning of students within the classroom and creates a foundation for who they are constructed to be. Through exploring routine language and practices, this paper demonstrates that educators outlined a blueprint of kindergartners, which positioned students as learners in ways that became the ground for either a limited or a promising educational pathway for them.

2276
[Keynote Speaker]: Enhancing the Performance of a Photovoltaic Module Using Different Cooling Methods
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. Ahmed Amine Hachicha
Institution: University of Sharjah
Conference: ICERE 2015 : 17th International Conference on Environment and Renewable Energy
Dates:Sep 21-22, 2015
Location:Dubai, UAE
Abstract:
Temperature effect on the performance of a photovoltaic module is one of the main concern that face this renewable energy, especially in the hot arid region, e.g United Arab Emirates. Overheating of the PV modules reduces the open circuit voltage and the efficiency of the modules dramatically. In this work, water cooling is developed to enhance the performance of PV modules. Different scenarios are tested under UAE weather conditions: front, back and double cooling. A spraying system is used for the front cooling whether a direct contact water system is used for the back cooling. The experimental results are compared to a non-cooling module and the performance of the PV module is determined for different situations. A mathematical model is presented to estimate the theoretical performance and validate the experimental results with and without cooling. The experimental results show that the front cooling is more effective than the back cooling and may decrease the temperature of the PV module significantly.

181
[Keynote Talk]: Effect of Irradiation on Physico-Chemical, Functional and Structural Properties of Kokum (Garcinia indica): A Novel Seed Starch
Author: Prof. Dr. Dharmesh Chandra Saxena
Institution: Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal
Conference: ICNFS 2015 : 17th International Conference on Nutrition and Food Sciences
Dates:Jul 29-30, 2015
Location:Zurich, Switzerland
Abstract:
Kokum (Garcinia indica) is a rich source of secondary metabolites including xanthones, flavonoids, benzophenones, lactones and phenolic acids. Physical modification involving gamma irradiation are fast, low cost and environment friendly because they do not use polluting agents, do not allow the penetration of some toxic substances in the treated products and do not generate undesirable residual products, do not require catalysts and laborious preparation of sample. Starch isolated from Kokum was subjected to irradiation at 5, 10 and 15 kGy doses. Effect of irradiation on physicochemical, functional and structural properties in order to unveil its characteristic properties and unravel its potential for industrial application was studied. Irradiated starches exhibited higher water absorption capacity, solubility, paste clarity, resistance to retrogradation and viscosity than native starch. Syneresis, pasting properties, gelatinization temperature and gelatinization enthalpy were reduced following irradiation treatment. Syneresis decreased from 51 to 37% after 120 h refrigerated storage. Peak viscosity reduced from 280.5 to 36.5 cP, setback viscosity from 28.0 to 4.5 cP and final viscosity from 218 to 32.5 cP. Gelatinization temperature ranged from 61.7-67.83°C and 58.17-67.73°C for native and irradiated kokum starches, respectively. Gelatinization enthalpy ranged from 21.15 to 19.72 J/g for native and irradiated kokum starches. Generally, native starch exhibited higher gelatinization temperature and enthalpy than irradiated starch and displayed higher retrogradation tendencies than irradiated starches. The scanning electron microscopy of the native and irradiated starches revealed the round and elliptical granules with granular size a little smaller for irradiated starches than native starch because of the disintegration of starch caused as a result of irradiation.

203
[Keynote Talk]: Quest for Sustainability in the Midst of Conflict Between Climate and Energy Security
Author: Dr. Deepak Waikar
Institution: EduEnergy Consultants LLP
Conference: ICEED 2015 : 17th International Conference on Energy, Environment and Development
Dates:Jul 04-05, 2015
Location:Singapore, SG
Abstract:
Unprecedented natural as well as human made disasters have been responsible for loss of hundreds of thousands of lives, injury & displacement of millions of people and damages in billions of dollars in various parts of the world. Scientists, experts, associations and united nation have been warning about colossal disregard for human safety and environment in exploiting natural resources for insatiable greed for economic growth and rising lavish life style of the rich. Usual blame game is routinely played at international forums & summits by vested interests in developing and developed nations, while billions of people continue to suffer in abject energy poverty. Energy security, on the other hand, is becoming illusive with the dominance of few players in the market, poor energy governance mechanisms, volatile prices and geopolitical conflicts in supply chain. Conflicting scenarios have been cited as one of the major barriers for transformation to a low carbon economy. Policy makers, researchers, academics, businesses, industries and communities have been evaluating sustainable alternatives, albeit at snail’s pace. This presentation focuses on technologies, energy governance, policies & practices, economics and public concerns about safe, prudent & sustainable harnessing of energy resources. Current trends and potential research & development projects in power & energy sectors which students can undertake will be discussed. Speaker will highlight on how youths can be engaged in meaningful, safe, enriching, inspiring and value added self-development programmes in our quest for sustainability in the midst of conflict between climate and energy security.

504
[Keynote] Implementation of Quality Control Procedures in Radiotherapy CT Simulator
Author: Assist. Prof. Dr. B Petrovic
Institution: Institute of Oncology
Conference: ICRAPID 2015 : 17th International Conference on Recent Advances in Physics for Interdisciplinary Developments
Dates:Jun 22-23, 2015
Location:Venice, Italy
Abstract:
Purpose/Objective: Radiotherapy treatment planning requires use of CT simulator, in order to acquire CT images. The overall performance of CT simulator determines the quality of radiotherapy treatment plan, and at the end, the outcome of treatment for every single patient. Therefore, it is strongly advised by international recommendations, to set up a quality control procedures for every machine involved in radiotherapy treatment planning process, including the CT scanner/ simulator. The overall process requires number of tests, which are used on daily, weekly, monthly or yearly basis, depending on the feature tested. Materials/Methods: Two phantoms were used: a dedicated phantom CIRS 062QA, and a QA phantom obtained with the CT simulator. The examined CT simulator was Siemens Somatom Definition as Open, dedicated for radiation therapy treatment planning. The CT simulator has a built in software, which enables fast and simple evaluation of CT QA parameters, using the phantom provided with the CT simulator. On the other hand, recommendations contain additional test, which were done with the CIRS phantom. Also, legislation on ionizing radiation protection requires CT testing in defined periods of time. Taking into account the requirements of law, built in tests of a CT simulator, and international recommendations, the intitutional QC programme for CT imulator is defined, and implemented. Results: The CT simulator parameters evaluated through the study were following: CT number accuracy, field uniformity, complete CT to ED conversion curve, spatial and contrast resolution, image noise, slice thickness, and patient table stability.The following limits are established and implemented: CT number accuracy limits are +/- 5 HU of the value at the comissioning. Field uniformity: +/- 10 HU in selected ROIs. Complete CT to ED curve for each tube voltage must comply with the curve obtained at comissioning, with deviations of not more than 5%. Spatial and contrast resultion tests must comply with the tests obtained at comissioning, otherwise machine requires service. Result of image noise test must fall within the limit of 20% difference of the base value. Slice thickness must meet manufacturer specifications, and patient stability with longitudinal transfer of loaded table must not differ of more than 2mm vertical deviation. Conclusion: The implemented QA tests gave overall basic understanding of CT simulator functionality and its clinical effectiveness in radiation treatment planning. The legal requirement to the clinic is to set up it’s own QA programme, with minimum testing, but it remains user’s decision whether additional testing, as recommended by international organizations, will be implemented, so to improve the overall quality of radiation treatment planning procedure, as the CT image quality used for radiation treatment planning, influences the delineation of a tumor and calculation accuracy of treatment planning system, and finally delivery of radiation treatment to a patient.

172
[Keynote Talk]: World Class Higher Education and Academic Accreditation
Author: Prof. Dr. Eric Goh
Institution: Universiti Sains Malaysia
Conference: ICECSE 2015 : 17th International Conference on Education and Communication Sciences
Dates:May 28-29, 2015
Location:Tokyo, Japan

254
[Keynote Talk]: Preliminary Report of Bank Examiner's IT Risk Perceptions
Author: Dr. James Nelson
Institution: New Mexico State University
Conference: ICCEECE 2014 : 16th International Conference on Computer, Electrical, Electronics and Communication Engineering
Dates:Dec 22-23, 2014
Location:London, United Kingdom

104
[Keynote Talk]: Unique Environmental-Friendly Technology - Good to Great
Author: Prof. Dr. Eric Goh
Institution: Universiti Sains Malaysia
Conference: ICCSE 2014 : 16th International Conference on Computer and Software Engineering
Dates:Dec 15-16, 2014
Location:Sydney, Australia

82
[Keynote Invited Talk] Simple Pathways towards Morphological Control of Nanomaterials
Author: Dr. Pankaj Thakur
Institution: Italian Institute of Technology ([email protected]), Naples
Conference: ICCMS 2014 : 16th International Conference on Chemistry and Materials Science
Dates:Jul 30-31, 2014
Location:Zurich, Switzerland