Scholarly Integrity Remarks:

1)Authors must be ready in the meeting room at least 10 minutes prior to the start of the session. Presenters must introduce themselves to the session chair(s) and upload their Oral and ePoster presentations to the computer.

2)Authors must be able to present on any day of the conference – the program cannot be tailored around specific requests from individual authors to present on particular days.

3)The international research conference program is designed for original research contributions and presentations in all research fields. Presentations scheduled in the Oral and ePoster sessions are drawn from a selection of the peer reviewed papers from a wide range of scientific and other disciplines of inquiry.
DECEMBER 16 - 17, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 16, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 17, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Dharshini Selvarajah

Dharshini Selvarajah, Nicula Lui, Karen Kong
St George Hospital, Australia
Yori Gidron, Laura Caton, Irit Ben-Aharon
University of Haifa, Israel
Yori Gidron, Maartje Mol, Norbert Foudraine, Frits Van Osch, Joop Van Den Bergh, Moshe Farchi, Maud Straus
University of Haifa, Israel
Shirin Jalili, Ramin Ghasemi Shayan
Tabriz University, Iran
Rattakorn Poonsuph
National Institute of Development Administration, Thailand
Dietary Inflammatory Index and Breast Cancer Risk
Maryam Nazari
Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Astorga-Trejo Rebeca, Fonseca-Peralta Héctor Manuel, Beltrán-Arredondo Laura Ivonne, Castro-Martínez Claudia
National Polytechnic Institute, Mexico
Asha Manoharan, Sooraj A. O, Anju K. G
Kerala University for Allied Health Sciences, India
Jeisson Alejandro Triana, Maria Fernanda Quiceno Vallejo, Patricia del Portillo, Juan Manuel Anzola
Corporación CorpoGen, Colombia
María Fernanda Quiceno Vallejo, Patricia del Portillo, María Mercedes Zambrano, Jeisson Alejandro Triana, Dayana Calderon, Juan Manuel Anzola
CorpoGen, Colombia
DECEMBER 16 - 17, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 16, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 17, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Ui Wook Hwang

Jihye Hwang, Eun Hwa Choi, Su Youn Baek, Bia Park, Gyeongmin Kim, Chorong Shin, Joon Ha Lee, Jae-Sam Hwang, Ui Wook Hwang
Kyungpook National University, Korea, South
Maria Teresa Signes Pont, Jose Juan Cortes Plana
University of Alicante, Spain
Factors Associated with Perceptions of Dignity and Well-being among Older People Living in Residential Care Facilities in Sweden: A National Cross-sectional Study
Charlotte Roos, Moudud Alam, Anna Swall, Anne-Marie Bostrom, Lena Marmstal Hammar
Dalarna University, Sweden
Older People’s Perceptions and Experiences of What is Needed to Live with Dignity and Sense of Well-being at Residential Care Facilities: A Qualitative Study
Charlotte Roos, Anna Swall, Lena Marmstal Hammar, Anne-Marie Bostrom, Bernice Skytt
Dalarna University, Sweden
DECEMBER 16 - 17, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 16, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 17, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Daniel Ecler

Emmanuel Iyamuremye, Jean François Maniriho, Irenee Ndayambaje
University of Rwanda, Rwanda
Daniel Ecler
Palacký University Olomouc, Czechia
Hana Maresova, Daniel Ecler
Palacky University, Czechia
Jing Zhao, Yongqing Bai, Qiaofang Shi, Huaihao Zhang
Yangzhou University, China
Chiang Kai-Shek and the Chinese Civil War in FBI Assessments
Yaroslav Levin
Samara State University of Social Sciences and Education, Russia
Motivations for Engaging in Consensual Non-Monogamous Relationships in North America: Mcclelland’s Human Motivation Theory
Alisha Fisher
California Institute of Integral Studies, Canada
Damian Graham, Ashleigh H. Hall, Damani R. Sulph, Michael A. James, Shawn B. Vassell
University of Technology, Jamaica, Jamaica
DECEMBER 16 - 17, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 16, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 17, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Claudineia Brazil

Claudineia Brazil, Luciane Salvi, Margareth Haubrich
Don Bosco College, Brazil
Exploring Stakeholder Views Of Natural Disaster Preparedness and Resilience Of Maritime Transport In Newfoundland, Canada
Kenzie Pulsifer, Floris Goerlandt, Ronald Pelot
Dalhousie University, Canada
Ashlyn Smith, Chloe Zampelli, Vincent Manna, Vernon Murray
Marist College, United States
Being Left Behind: Phenomenological Experience and Narratives of Sex Workers in Rural Philippines Amidst COVID-19 Pandemic
Jerski Jarzen C. Duria
Philippine Statistics Authority, Philippines
Classification of Sciences
Leila Jabbari, Masoumeh Karimi
Tarbiat Modares University, Iran
The Presence of La Gran Familia Puertorriqueña in Puerto Rico's Social Studies Textbooks
Hector Castrillon-Costa
The University of Texas at San Antonio, United States
Jerry D. Johnson, Jason A. LaFrance, Matthew A. Ohlson, Shane C. Shope
Kansas State University, United States
Artist’S Collection Is a Unique Universe
Marilene Correa Maia
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Gender Quota in The Middle East and North Africa: The United Arab Emirates and Kuwait at a Glance
Narjes K. Moradi, Amalia Carrasco
University of Sevilla, Spain
Dynamics of Income Inequality - Objective and Subjective Indicators - in 2006-2016 in Russia in Comparison with Other Countries
Alla Salmina
RANEPA, Russia
Preventive Strategies to Combat Child Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CT/CSEC) in India: A Family Centric Intervention Model for Practitioners and Behaviour Change Campaigns
Ritwika Mukherjee, Sanghamitra Mazumdar
Seefar, India
Analyzing and Recognizing the Necessities, Usages, and Indicators for Evaluating Data Centers of Science, Technology, and Innovation Based on Their Effectiveness
Abdolreza Noroozi Chakoli, Laleh Samadi, Mila Malekolkalami
Shahed University, Iran
Urban Planning/Healthy City: The Construction of Health Resilience of Local Communities
Rosalba D'Onofrio, Elio Trusiani
University, Italy
Renan De Caldas Honorato, Ana Augusta Ferreira De Freitas
Universidade Estadual do Ceará, Brazil
Chingkheihunba Pebam, Shima Yazdanmehr
Czech University of Life Sciences, Czechia
To Examine Why Individuals, Commit Unethical Actions Knowingly: A Case Study from the Volkswagen “Dieselgate” Scandal
Ikjot Kaur Ikjot Kaur, Mahdokht Sedaghat, Peter Lei
IBA, Denmark
ESG Disclosure and Employee Turnover. New Evidence from European Listed Firms
Aziza Garsaa, Elisabeth Paulet
ICN Business School, France
Revealing the Social Pillar under the Lens of Materiality: Corporate Social Performance, Corporate Financial Performance, and Organizational Benefits
Florian Habermann
Catholic University Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, Germany
Paula Lazarim
University of Tennessee, United States
Chrysthia Papacleovoulou
Open University of Cyprus, Cyprus
DECEMBER 16 - 17, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 16, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 17, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Deepali Rastogi

Minimum Ignition Energy of Hybrid Mixtures of Combustible Gas and Dust: The Substantial Impact of Gas Admixture in Decreasing MIE of Dust
Hoang Thien Le
Otto von Guericke University, Germany
Onur Onder, Celal Tanuca, Mahir Ozil, Halil Sen, Alkım Ozkan, Engin Ceylan, Ali Istek, Ozgur Saglam
Arcelik A.S., Türkiye
Shalitha Jayasekara, Saluk Bawantha, Dinithi Anupama, Isuru Gunarathne, Pradeepa Bandara, Hansi De Silva
Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology, Sri Lanka
Gihan Thilakarathna, Fernando Ishara, Rathnayake Yasith, Bandara A. M. R. Y.
Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology, Sri Lanka
Karthiyayini J., Arpita Chowdary Vantipalli, Darshana Sailu Tanti, Malvika Ravi Kudari, Krtin Kannan
New Horizon College of Engineering, India
Assessing Readiness Model for Business Intelligence Implementation in Organization
Abdul Razak Rahmat, Azizah Ahmad, Azman Ta’aa
Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia
Deepali Rastogi
University of Delhi, India
An Empirical Likelihood Ratio Based Test for Normality against Symmetric Alternatives
Chioneso Show Marange, Yongsong Qin, Raymond Tonderai Chiruka, Jesca Mercy Batidzirai
University of Fort Hare, South Africa
Rana Rimawi, Ayman Baklizi
Qatar University, Qatar
Development of SERS-active Gelatin Based Hydrogels for Label Free Detection of Bio-Analytes
Zahra Khan
Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore, Singapore
Zainab Dahrouch, Beatrix Petrovičová, Claudia Triolo, Fabiola Pantò, Angela Malara, Salvatore Patanè, Maria Allegrini, Saveria Santangelo
Università degli Studi di Messina, Italy
Abdullahi Yahaya Musa, Harun Rann Bakari
University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
Juan Manuel Uriarte Lopez, Hector Raul Guemez Gaxiola, Javier Alonso Romo Rubio, Juan Manuel Romo Valdez
Autonomous University of Sinaloa, Mexico
Nirupama Sam
National Institute of Technology , Hamirpur, India
DECEMBER 16 - 17, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 16, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 17, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Kolawole Farinloye

Influence of Volatile Organic Compounds on Wildfire Propagation
Jamaladdeen Rawaa, Coudour Bruno, Garo Jean-Pierre, Wang Hui-Ying
ENSMA, France
Rachel Danielson, Brendan Bohannan, S.M. Tsai, Kyle Meyer, Jorge L.M. Rodrigues
University of California-Davis, United States
A Crop Modelling Strategy to Improve Cacao Quality and Productivity
Angela P. Romero V., Adriana M. Gallego, Oscar D. Ramirez, Paula A. Arenas V., Anyela V. Camargo R.
National Institute of Agricultural Botany, United Kingdom
Ljiljana Stojković, Manja Zec, Maja Zivkovic, Maja Bundalo, Marija Glibetić, Dragan Alavantić, Aleksandra Stankovic
Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, Serbia
Effect of High Pressure Processing on Canteloupe and Pineaple Slices
Gilles K. Kouassi, John D. Floros
International University of Grand Bassam, United States
Kottaridi Klimentia, Demopoulos Vasilis, Sidiropoulos Anastasios, Ihara Diego, Nikolaidis Vasileios, Antonopoulos Dimitrios
University of the Peloponnese, Greece
Investigation of Alternative Livelihood Programs and Different Hunting Techniques in Afi, Mbe and Okwango in Cross River State, Nigeria
Kolawole Farinloye
Lead City University, Nigeria
Reuse of Grey Water in Rural Area by Natural Polymeric Biofilter System
Shohreh Azizi, Shamila Rouhani, Malik Mazza
Unesco, Unisa, South Africa
Progressive Hedging Algorithm Approach for Hydrothermal Coordination Considering Wind Power
J. E. Zuluaga
Universidad Autónoma de Occidente, Colombia
SCADA Power System Alarms Optimization
Mohammed Faqeeh, Abdulaziz F. Almuaiweed
Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia
Brenda Cecilia Ledesma, Andrea Beltramone
National Technological University, Argentina, Argentina
DE SHM Based Harmonic Minimization for Modified PUC 15 Level Inverter
Mohammed Bou-Rabee
PAAET, Kuwait
Matias Micheletto, Rodrigo Santos, Sergio F. Ochoa
University of Chile, Chile
The Ludification of the German Netflix Television Series Dark: Complexities of Quantum Chance and the Game of Time
Bo Kampmann Walther, Lasse Juel Larsen
University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Proposal for a Security Protocol to Caching Related Attacks for Content-Centric Networks
Arkam Meriem, Boustia Narhimene
Blida 1 University, Algeria, Algeria
DECEMBER 16 - 17, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 16, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 17, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Agman Gupta

Domaine Du Rayol: A Laboratory for Energy and Ecological Transition at Garden Scale.
Joris Masafont
Mines ParisTech, France
Daria Pashneva, Julija Pauraite, Agne Minderyte, Vadimas Dudoitis, Lina Davuliene, Kristina Plauskaite, Inga Garbariene, Steigvile Bycenkiene
Center for Physical Sciences and Technology, Lithuania
R.T.P. De Silva, T. K. Wijayasiriwardhane, B. Jayawardena
University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
Ojas Chaudhari, Ali Nejad Ghafar, Giedrius Zirgulis, Marjan Mousavi, Tommy Ellison, Sandra Pousette, Patrick Fontana
RISE Research Institutes of Sweden, Sweden
Religion Complexes as Urban Formations for Integrating Diversified Societies in Cultural Heritage Dialogues
Esraa Alhadad
Brandenburg University of Technology, Germany
Local Tailoring of the Microstructure and Micromechanical Properties of Metals Manufactured by EBM
William Sjostrom, Carlos Alberto Botero, Louise Sundstrom, Emilio Jimenez-Pique, Luis Llanes, Lars-Erik Rannar, Andrey Koptioug
Mid Sweden University, Sweden
Qimin Shi, Yi Sun, Constantinus Politis, Shoufeng Yang
KU Leuven, Belgium
Shengping Zhong, Qimin Shi, Yaling Deng, Shoufeng Yang
KU Leuven, Belgium
Agman Gupta, Rajashekar Badam, Noriyoshi Matsumi
Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan
PROGRAM LAST UPDATED: December, 14 2021 15:40
PROGRAM GUIDELINES

1.GUIDE FOR ORAL AND e-POSTER PRESENTATIONS

We kindly ask ORAL presenters to prepare electronic presentations of 15 minutes (allowing 5 minutes for discussions) and e-POSTER presenters to prepare short electronic presentations of 5 minutes (allowing 5 minutes for discussions) (NO PRINT OUTS). A Linux-based operating system is used for both Oral and e-Poster presentations. All presenters should make a PDF file version of their presentation and upload it to the system.

2. PRESENTATION SET UP

Laptop Computer, Projector, USB Flash Drive (No CD Drive), MS. PowerPoint/AcrobatReader

3. SYSTEM SECURITY ALERT

As many delegates insert their USB devices into the laptop computer provided for the presentations, we cannot avoid Cyber/Computer viruses. You are kindly advised to bring a USB Flash Drive containing ONLY your .ppt, .ptx or .pdf presentation file or risk other files being corrupted or made permanently inaccessible.

4. ROLE OF THE SESSION CHAIR

The duties of the Session Chair include the following:

1. Arrive at the conference hall at least 10 minutes before the session begins. Identify the paper presenters and discussant(s) in advance, and introduce yourself. Remind each presenter of the time limits that apply, and describe the method you will use to alert them of time limits during the actual presentation.
2. At the start of the session, introduce yourself to the audience, announce the session/title, and offer a brief overview indicating how the papers are related.
3. Prior to each presentation, introduce the speaker, announce the paper’s title, the name(s) of the author(s), and provide brief comments regarding the affiliation and/or background of each presenter. Identify the individual who will be speaking if it is someone other than the first author.
4. During the presentations enforce time limits strictly so that no author (or audience member) monopolizes someone else’s time. Oral paper presentations each have 20 minutes (15 minutes for full presentation papers, 5 minutes for discussions), and 10 minutes for e-Poster (electronic poster) presentations (5 minutes for poster presentation, 5 minutes for discussions).
5. Once presentations are complete (oral paper presentations and e-Poster presentations), the remaining time can be used for informal discussion between the audience and session participants. It is your job to field questions from the audience.
6. Try to conduct the session as informally as possible (e.g., use first names when addressing participants and members of the audience) to encourage as much audience participation as possible.

5. BEST PAPER AWARDS / BEST PRESENTATION AWARDS

A 'Best Paper Award / Best Presentation Award' will be conferred on the author(s) of an abstract or a full paper presented at the conference. Selection is made based on the best combined marks of the abstract / paper review and presentation quality appraisal conducted by the Session Chair at the conference venue, and assessed by the Program Committee. Award winners will be announced after the conference. The author(s) of a selected paper/presentation will receive a signed and stamped official Best Paper Award / Best Presentation Award e-certificate.