Scholarly Integrity Remarks:

1)Authors must be ready in the meeting room at least 10 minutes prior to the start of the session. Presenters must introduce themselves to the session chair(s) and upload their Oral and ePoster presentations to the computer.

2)Authors must be able to present on any day of the conference – the program cannot be tailored around specific requests from individual authors to present on particular days.

3)The international research conference program is designed for original research contributions and presentations in all research fields. Presentations scheduled in the Oral and ePoster sessions are drawn from a selection of the peer reviewed papers from a wide range of scientific and other disciplines of inquiry.
DECEMBER 9 - 10, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 9, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 10, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Hania Pasandi

Hania Pasandi
University of Maryland, Baltimore County, United States
Hania Pasandi
University of Maryland, Baltimore County, United States
Jutta Ransmayr
University of Vienna, Austria
Language Policy and Planning in the Context of Bangladesh: A Sociolinguistic Observation
Perves Sikder
Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary , Hungary
Shakespeare in English as a Foreign Language Classroom: Using Shakespeare to Teach English versus Using English to Teach Shakespeare
Najmeh Dehghanitafti
Idaho State University, United States
Victor Ademulegun Arijeniwa
University of Ilorin, Nigeria
Evaluation of the Neuroprotective Roles of Trans-Cinnamaldehyde against High-Fat Diet and Streptozotocin Induced Insulin-Resistance in Wistar Rats
S. E. Olorunnado, O. B. Akinola
Kogi State University, Nigeria
Ricardo Pinto Mario Covele, Patricio V. Langa, Patrick Swanzy
University of the Western Cape, South Africa
Juanita Wallace, Mark Jackson, Bethany Jurs
Transylvania University, United States
Participatory Action Study on Historical Trauma's Implications for Restorative Justice Practitioners
Rochelle Arms Almengor, LTomay Douglas, William M. Evans, Rusa Fischer, Eleni Garcia, Nicole L. Smith, Michele Montecalvo, Skye Roper-Moses
John Jay College of Criminal Justice, United States
Tania M. Guerrero, Ileana Cortes Santiago
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, United States
Florence Nyemba, Rufaro Chitiyo
University of Cincinnati, United States
The Use of Social Medias and Their Impact on the Outcomes of Municipal Elections in the City of Cape Town, Republic of South Africa
Lydia Shangu
University of South Africa, South Africa
Foreign Policy Analysis of Contemporary India: Tilting towards Realism
Amrita Dey
Amity University, India
Amanda Abbott-Jones
University College London, United Kingdom
Layla Albdr
Taif University, Saudi Arabia
The Impact of Basic Triz Training on Psychological Flexibility among University Students
Fred Mageto
Vaal University of Technology, South Africa
Collaboration of Handling HIV/AIDS in Bandung: Collaboration Regional AIDS Commission Bandung and Stakeholders in Reducing Stigma and Discrimination People Living with HIV/AIDS
Hannin P. N. Soulthoni
University of Indonesia, Indonesia
A.D. Fredline, Beverly Stiles
Midwestern State University, United States
Ashley R. Logsdon, Becky F. Antle, Cynthia M. Kamer
University of Louisville, United States
Youth Unemployment and Entrepreneurship Development for Sustainable Economic Development in Nigeria
Ifeanyi Charles Otuokere, Victoria Nneoma Nnochiri
Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria
Holistic Contrivance for Students to Acquire Creative Idea
Sucheta Nigam
Banasthali Vidyapith, India
The Evolution of Electronic Music
Thom Holmes
Independent Researcher, United States
Madness and Moderation: On Xenophon’s Conception of the Gods in Memorabilia
Yashar Jeirani
Independent Researcher, Iran
Noriyuki Suyama
Bunka Gakuen University, Japan
Sajjad Esmaeili Aghdam
University of Tabriz, Iran
DECEMBER 9 - 10, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 9, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 10, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Emma Worley

Sophia Melanson Ricciardone
York and Ryerson Universities, Canada
Emma Worley, Mhairi De Sainte Croix, Savneet Lochab, Christopher Roberts, Mark Stroud, Mo Salehan, Kevin Jones
University of Bristol , United Kingdom
Shuyu Zhang
Tongji University, China
Gong Zhang
Tongji University, China
Saifurahman Fayiz
Osmania University, India
Legal Comparative Notes on Abstraction and Voluntary Obligations in the European Law of Obligations
João Oliveira Geraldes
University of Lisbon, Portugal
From Weight to Quantification: Scientific Thinking in Criminal Evidence
Gal Rosenzweig
Bar-Ilan University, Israel
Xiaowen Zhang, Wanda Luen Wun Siu
W Studio, Hong Kong
Psychology as a Social Science. The Implication of Nature/Nurture Debate and Collectivist/Individualist Debate
David Chiranu
University of Bolton, United Kingdom
Refining Sexual Assault Treatment: Recovered Survivors and Expert Therapists Concur on Effective Therapy Components
Avigail Moor
Tel-Hai Academic College, Israel
Limits of Market: Case of Surrogacy
Brahim Dinar
Hassan 1er settat , Morocco
Shivangi Agrawal, Hsiu-I Ting
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
Khatesiree Sripoothon, Usanee Sengpanich, Rattana Sittioum
Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University, Thailand
Intellectual Capital and Organizational Performance from the Perspective of Airliners
Adnan Mousa Rawashdeh, Mohammad Salameh Almasarweh
the university of jordan /Aqaba, Jordan
Jesse Rafeiro
Carleton University, Canada
Improvement of Ride Quality and Road Holding Characteristics of Car Using MR Damper Actuated by a Deep Neural Network Controller
Chinmaya Ranjan Sahu
National Institute Of Technology, Rourkela, India
Ishit Sheth, Chandrasekhar Jinendran, Chinmaya Ranjan Sahu
National Institute Of Technology, Rourkela, India
Farouk Goweda's Romantic and Political Poetry
Walid Abdallah
Suez University, Egypt
Momen Yaseen M. Amin
Gasha Technical Institute, Iraq
DECEMBER 9 - 10, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 9, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 10, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Kyung-Hoon Lee

Stability of His88 Mutants (H88R, H88F, H88Y) of Human Transthyretin Investigated by Free Energy Simulation
Kyung-Hoon Lee, Krzysztof Kuczera
Chowan University, United States
Computational Analysis of Effect of Selective Alanine Mutations on Stability of Human Prion Protein
Kyung-Hoon Lee, Krzysztof Kuczera
Chowan University, United States
Huzaifa Bilal
University of the Free State, South Africa
Nadia Akbarpour
University of Tabriz, Iran
Omolola Ojetayo, Emmanuel Garuba, Obinna Ajunwa, Abiodun A. Onilude
University of Nottingham, United Kingdom
Ekta Yadav, Sukanta Bhattacharya, Brijesh Yadav, Ariel Hus, Jagjit Yadav
St. George's University, School of Medicine, Grenada
Maryum Nawaz
College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan, Pakistan
Hüseyin Biçer
University of Health Sciences, Türkiye
Outcomes of Ventricular Tachycardia Ablation in Patients with Ischemic and Nonischemic Heart Disease and Multiple Co-Morbidities
Benjamin Morris-Eppolito, Dalia Giedrimiene
Frank H. Netter MD School of Medicine at Quinnipiac University , United States
Depression and Cardiorespiratory Fitness among Older Adults with and without Fibromyalgia
Dylan G. Serpas, Barbara J. Cherry
University of La Verne, United States
Julia V. F. Cortes, Maria E. V. Amarante, Carolina L. Cerdeira, Roberta B. V. Silva
UNIFENAS, Brazil
Carolina L. Cerdeira, Julia V. F. Cortes, Maria E. V. Amarante, Gersika B. Santos
University Jose do Rosario Vellano, Brazil
Maria E. V. Amarante, Carolina L. Cerdeira, Julia V. Cortes, Fiorita G. L. Mundim
UNIFENAS, Brazil
Ishan Naidu, Jessica Ryvlin, Devin Videlefsky
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, United States
Achiron Anat, Mathilda Mandel, Mayust Sue, Achiron Reuven, Gurevich Michael
Tel-Aviv University, Israel
Periprosthetic fractures of the Greater Trochanter: A Narrative Review
Ryan Roopnarinesingh, Matthew Lee, Aoife Feeley, Khalid Merghani, Eoin Sheehan
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Ireland
M. Hirani, M. Devine, O. Obisesan, C. Bryant
Kings College Hospital, United Kingdom
Athanasios Triantafyllou, Georgios Papagiannis, Vassilios Nikolaou, Panayiotis J. Papagelopoulos, George C. Babis
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
Brandon Knopp, Matthew Harris
Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, United States
Marshal Rashid
University of Karachi, Pakistan
Abdelfatah Elsenosy, Mahmoud Ebrahim
University Hospitals Dorset, United Kingdom
Aliya Hisam, Zia Ul Haq, Sohail Aziz, Patrick Doherty, Jill Pell
Army Medical College, National University of Medical Sciences, Pakistan
Beliefs and Self-Reported Practice of Footcare among Persons with Type II Diabetes Mellitus Attending Selected Health Centres in East Trinidad
Philip Onuoha, Rachel Vincent Edinboro
Unversity of the West Indies, Trinidad And Tobago
The Role of Supportive Supervision in Enhancing and Sustaining Family Planning Services in Private Health Sector
Navita Rahim
Institute of Business and Health Management, DOW University of Health Sciences, Pakistan
Ciaran Friel, Jerry Suls, Patrick Robles, Frank Vicari, Joan Duer-Hefele, Karina W. Davidson
Feinstein Institute for Research at Northwell Health, United States
A Randomized, Controlled Trial to Test Habit Formation Theory For Low Intensity Physical Exercise Promotion in Older Adults
Jerry Suls, Ciaran Friel, Patrick Robles, Frank Vicari, Joan Duer-Hefele Karina W. Davidson
Feinstein Institute for Research at Northwell Health, United States
DECEMBER 9 - 10, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 9, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 10, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Musab Mohammed

May Khei Hu, Kevin Leong, Fu Siong Ng, Nicholas Peter
Birmingham City Hospital, United Kingdom
Tristan R. Fraser, Christopher D. Steadman, Christopher J. Boos
University Hospitals Dorset, United Kingdom
Nadia Arikat, Katharine Blain
Dundee Dental Hospital, United Kingdom
A Change of Blood Group and a Bleeding Diagnostic Dilemma Post-SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Case Report
Ameer Al-Jasim, Ahmed Taban, Ghaith Al-Abbasi
University of Baghdad, Iraq
Rachael Collins, George Lafford
University of East Anglia, United Kingdom
M. Walmsley, S. Elmatarri, S. Mannion
Royal Preston Hospital, United Kingdom
R. Tariq, R. Lee
University of Bolton, United Kingdom
Zainab Shaikh, Yusuf Miyanji
Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom
Effect of Patient Education in Family Medicine Practices
Mansour Ahmed Alanazi
Tabuk University, Saudi Arabia
Mehwish Asghar
University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
The Management of Recurrent Gallstone Ileus with Densely Adhesive Cholecystoenteric Fistula: A Case Report
Musab Mohammed, Kin Cheung Ng, Anthony Stafford
Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom
Bui Phuong Linh, Yuki Sakakibara, Ryuto Tanaka, Elizabeth H. Pigney, Taishi Hashiguchi
SMC Laboratories, Inc., Japan
Matthew Sedgwick
Worcestershire Acute Hospitals NHS Trust, United Kingdom
DECEMBER 9 - 10, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 9, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 10, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: George Zusman

Condition Monitoring Of Mechanical Seal
George Zusman
VMS, Inc., United States
Shengyong Zhang, Mike Mikulich
Purdue University Northwest, United States
Vladimir Rastunkov, Jae-Eun Park, Abhijit Mitra, Brian Quanz, Steve Wood, Christopher Codella, Heather Higgins, Joseph Broz
IBM, United States
Analysis of Propulsion Systems in Electric and Hybrid Vehicles
Gustavo S. Rodrigues, Elias. D. R. Lopes
Military Institute of Engineering, Brazil
Control of the Width of Steps Under Graphene Grown by 4h-SiC (0001) Sublimation
Haitham Hrich, Perine Landois, Sylvie Contreras, Jean Manuel Decams, Matthieu Paillet
Université de Montpellier, France
Robustness and Accuracy of Multi-Sensor Imu in a Highly Dynamic Environment for Robots and Autonomous Vehicles
Tehmoor Dar, Rich Madison, Brian Haight
Thales Defense, United States
B. V. Bhaskara Rao, Rodrigo Espinoza
University of Chile, Chile
DECEMBER 9 - 10, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 9, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 10, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Mustafa Alhamdi

Time Domain Reflectometry Technique for the Measurement of Dielectric Properties in Polar Liquids
V. P. Pawar, Shagufta Tabassum
Sunderrao Solanke Mahavidyalaya Majalgaon, India
M. A. Moussa, M. H. Abdel Rehim, G.M. Turky
National Research Centre, Egypt
Highly Efficient Beam Deflector Based on Nematic Liquid Crystals: Optimization of 3D Director Distribution
Andrey A. Manko, Alexander V. Morozov, Serguei P Palto, Young Kim, Jungkweun An, Kanhee Won, Hong-Seok Lee, Hoon Song
Samsung Research Russia (SRR), Russia
Highly Efficient Synthesis of New 3,5-Substituted (Isoxazolines) and 2,3,5-Trisubstituted (Pyrazolines) Mediated by Chloramin-T and Their Evaluation of Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities
Ebraheem Abdu Musad, Abdullah Mohammed Al Dawsaria, Zaki Eldin Ali Abdallaa, Ismail Hassan, Razaz Saeed Saeed Al Sharabib, K. M. Lokanatha Rai
Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
Rupu Yang, Cong Toan Tran, Assaad Zoughaib
MINES ParisTech, France
Andrea Gelmini
University of South Wales, United Kingdom
Cyber Security & Convenience Consideration between Information and Operational Technology
Andrea Gelmini
University of South Wales, United Kingdom
Xulu Yao, Moi Hoon Yap, Yanlong Zhang
Manchester Metropolitan University, United Kingdom
The Extended Finite Element Method for Material Interactions in an Explicit Dynamics Shock-Physics Code
Irina Tezaur, Thomas Voth
Sandia National Laboratories, United States
Forensic Establishment of Cyber Theft Mechanism with Using Neural Networks
Mira Ksenia Alexandrovna
Moscow State Law University, Russia
Sahar Navabakhsh, Rokia Raslan, Yair Schwartz
University College London, United Kingdom
Anthropogenic and Environmental Causes of Landslides in the Radunia Valley, Case Study Rutki Landslide, Poland
Anna Malka, Leslaw Zabuski
The Polish Geological Institute, National Research Institute, Poland
Therapeutic Lighting Design to Decrease Depression in Older Adults
Nastaran Shishegar, Mohamed Boubekri
University of Illinois, United States
Alan Crowle, Philpp Thies
University of Exeter, United Kingdom
Parametric Modelling to Assess Overheating Risks and Daylight Performance in Dwellings: A Tool for Early Design Stages
Farah Husayni, Nuno Correia
XCO2, United Kingdom
Zayed Freah Zeadat
American University of Madaba, Jordan
Eugene Y. J. Aw, J. W. Koh, S. H. Chew, K. E. Chua, Lionel L. J. Ang, Algernon C. S. Hong, Danette S. E. Tan, Grace H. B. Foo, K. Q. Hong, L. M. Cheng, M. L. Leong
National University of Singapore, Singapore
Eugene Y. J. Aw, J. W. Koh, S. H. Chew, K. E. Chua, P. L. Goh, Grace H. B. Foo, M. L. Leong
National University of Singapore, Singapore
Mustafa Alhamdi
Independent Researcher, United Kingdom
Partha Pratim Kalita
Arkad Medical Research Quantum Hospital, India
María-Luisa Pinto-Salamanca, Wilson-Javier Pérez-Holguín
Pedagogical and Technological University of Colombia, Colombia
Revanth Rallapalli
HCL Technologies, India
Jayahar Sivasubramanian
University of Arizona, United States
Jacob Hatherell, Jason Matthews, Arnaud Marmier
University of the West of England, United Kingdom
Pradeep A. G, Gorantla Giridhar, Vijay Turaga, Vinod Srinivasa
HCL Technologies limited, India
Amit Kumar, Jaikumar V., Pradeep A. G., Shivakumar Bhavi
HCL Technologies Ltd, India
Integration of Eye Tracking Technology in Manufacturing Industry
Shivani Singh
Independent Researcher, India
Anil Kumar
Indian Institute of Technology, India
Venkatesh Krishna Murthy
Anglia Ruskin University, United Kingdom
An Ant Colony Optimization Hyper Heuristic with Reinforcement Learning for Dynamic Vehicle Routing Problem
Mithilesh Kumar, W. Wilfred Godfrey
ABV-Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management, India
Ibrahim Alsendid, Rob Sturman, Benjamin Sharp
University of Leeds, United Kingdom
A Lower Bound for the Modulus of the Dirichlet Eta Function on Partition $\mathcal{P}$ from 2-D Principal Component Analysis
Yuri Heymann
Independent Researcher, United Kingdom
Bhavini Pandya
parul, India
Neelam Singha
Pandit Deendayal Energy University , India
Chemical Synthesis and Characterization of PHBV-b-PHBV Block Copolymers
Jingjing Mai, Clement Chan, Steven Pratt, Bronwyn Laycock
the University of Queensland, Australia
Frobenius Manifolds and Invariant Theory
Zainab Al-Maamari, Yassir Dinar
Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
DECEMBER 9 - 10, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 9, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 10, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Najim Akorede Babalola

From Raw Data to Intelligent Information Processing and University Administrators: The Bridge to Effective Service Delivery
Najim Akorede Babalola, Mustapha Abiola Mohammed
University of Ibadan, Nigeria
K. S. Vedasingha, K. K. M. T. Perera, K. I. Hathurusinghe, H. W. I. Akalanka, Nelum Chathuranga Amarasena, Nalaka R. Dissanayake
Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology, Sri Lanka
Shahpar Yilmaz, Yasir Nadeem, Syed A. Mehdi
Jamia Hamdard University, India
Investigation of Thermal Properties of Go-tio2@pedot: Pss Polymer Nanocomposites at Room Temperature
Shivani Shisodia
Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale - ULCO, Dunkerque, France
Layla Farhat, Mathieu Bardoux, Stéphane Longuemart, Ziad Herro, Abdelhak Hadj Sahraoui
UDSMM, France
A Real-Time Assessment of Co-Cropped Macrophytes in a Long-Term Microcosm for Effective Sequestration of Heavy Metals in Water
Anuradha Goswami, Ravinder Kaur
University of Alabama at Birmingham, United States
Kyu Bum Han, Eunjin Jeon, Kimberly Watts, Brenda Payan Medina
Advanced Materials Scientia, LLC, United States
Joseph Bostick
United States Military Academy West Point, United States
Soil Greenhouse Gas Fluxes from Agroforestry and Conventional Agriculture in Germany
Abraha Hatsey
Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute, Ethiopia
A. A, F. Belmir, A. El Bouari, Y. Abboud
Hassan II University of Casablanca, Morocco
Ayda Maadani Mallak, Amir lakzian, Elham Khodaverdi, Gholam Hossein Haghnia
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, United States
DECEMBER 9 - 10, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 9, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 10, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Bandar Alkahlan

Edwin E. Dilone Berumen
University of Idaho, United States
Hala Barakat
University of Idaho, United States
Human Oriented Urban Lighting
Rebeka Vital, Hannan Peretz
Shenkar College of Design and Engineering, Israel
Reintroducing Trauma as a Means to Activate Memorials as Spaces of Memory
Edwin E. Dilone-Berumen
University of Idaho, United States
Monitoring the Biomass and Chlorophyll Condition of Oil Pam Based on Vitality Indices Using sentinal2 Images
Emi Ramlan
Sime Darby, Malaysia
Bandar Alkahlan
King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST), Saudi Arabia
Laurence Picard, André Bégin-Drolet, Pierre Blanchet
Laval University, Canada
Building Surface Thermal Modulation: The Role of Biomimicry and Computer Numerical Control Technology in Creating Textured Building Façades
Eiman Graiz, Keith Van De Riet
University of Kansas, United States
Research on the Influence of Concealed Cracks on Preferential Flow and Landslide Disaster Control in the Loess Region
Serges Mendomo Meye, Li Guowei, Shen Zhenzhong, Gan Lei, Xu Liqun
Hohai University, China
Serges Mendomo Meye, Li Guowei, Shen Zhenzhong
Hohai University, China
DECEMBER 9 - 10, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 9, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 10, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Chair: Bhupinder Singh

Lishuang Ma
China University of Petroleum (East China), China
The Obtaining Green Inhibitor on the Basis of the Burning Method from Salsola oppositifolia, and TGA, DTA, DSC Analysis
Abror Nomozov Karim Ugli, Beknazarov Khasan Soyibnazarovich, Dzhalilov Abdulakhat Turapovich
Tashkent Scientific Research Institute of Chemical Technology, Uzbekistan
Bhupinder Singh, Joy Prakash Misra
Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India, India
Filipe Cardoso de Oliveira, Lino Marcos da Silva, Ademar Nogueira do Nascimento, Cristiano Hora de Oliveira Fontes
Federal University of Bahia, Brazil
Kun Zhou
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Jiemiao Chen, Shuoxun Xu
Shandong University, China
Effect of Population Growth on Carbon Emissions: A Selected West African Countries Perspectives
Richard C. Osadume, Anthony J. Okene
Nigeria Maritime University, Nigeria
Basem Elarbe, Ibrahim Elganidi, Norida Ridzuan, Norhyati Abdullah
University Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia
Ijaz Ahmad
The University of Agriculture, Peshawar-Pakistan, Pakistan
Consumer Preference and Willingness-to-Pay for Orange Fleshed Sweet Potato in Osun State, Nigeria
Bukade Adesina, Solomon Afuape
University of Bradford, United Kingdom
An Analysis of Maize Production Risks in the Mbandjok Municipality: A Criticality and Risk Assessment Approach
Leslie Tembei Mbah, Theresia Bime Egwu, Eric Junior Bombzele
Centre for Independent Development Research, Bura, Cameroon
The Effects of Reducing Crude Protein Content of Concentrate Supplementation on Milk Production in Grazing Dairy Cows
Nicholas J. Ryan, Finbar J. Mulligan, Ciaran McDonnell, Niall Walsh, Alan G. Fahey, Zoe C. McKay, Karina M. Pierce
University College Dublin, Ireland
Find Your Invasive: Using Machine Learning to Predict the Spread of Invasive Species
Avi Bagchi, Ayaan Bargeer
Shaker High School, United States
In The Adult Population Who Have Been Diagnosed With Anxiety Or Depression, What Is The Effect On Mental Health On Taking Probiotic Supplements (Available Over The Counter) Compared With Those Who Do Not Take Probiotic Supplements? 
Pilar Giffenig,Taylor Dehring,Avanna Kotlarz
Columbia University, United States
DECEMBER 9 - 10, 2021: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on December 9, 2021 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on December 10, 2021.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


AGRICULTURAL AND BIOSYSTEMS ENGINEERING RESEARCH

Chair: Helena Los

Charles Iledun Oyewole, Harira Shuaib
Kogi State University Anyigba, Nigeria
NextLand Services for Agriculture
Helena Los, Isabelle Piccard, David Petit, Alireza Taravat, Arjen Bakker, Radoslaw Guzinski, Luis Lages, Jim Wilson, Sofie Reynaert, Herve Caumont, Sergio Saraiva, Nuno Grosso
Deimos, Portugal
Bundling Weather Index-Based Crop Insurance and Credit: A Cautionary Tale Against Misunderstood and Misinformed Take-Up
Lena Weingaertner
University Gaston Berger, Senegal
Omasan Urhie Urhie, Adenipekun C. O, Eke W., Ogwu K. and Erinle K. O
Edwin Clark University, Nigeria, Nigeria
Natalia Limones, Javier Marzo, Marcus Wijnen, Aleix Serrat-Capdevila
University of Sevilla, Spain
U.K. Sarkar, G. Karnatak, P. Mishal, Lianthuamluaia, S. Kumari, S.K. Das, B.K. Das
ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, India
Synthesis of Novel Adsorbent by Intercalation of Biopolymer in LDH for the Removal of Arsenic from Synthetic and Natural Water
Hanen Bessaies, Sidra Iftekhar, Bhairavi Doshi, Jamel Kheriji, Mohamed Chaker Ncibi, Varsha Srivastava, Mika Sillanpää, Bechir Hamrouni
University of Tunis El Manar, Tunisia
Data Analysis Tool for Predicting Water Scarcity in Industry
Nicolas Gillard, Tassadit Issaadi Hamitouche, Jean Petit, Valérie Lavaste, Céline Mayousse
Capgemini Engineering, France
Belén Vinaixa Kinnear, Arturo Hidalgo López, Bernardo Elembo Wilasi, Pablo Fernández Pérez, Cecilia Hernández Fuentealba
Polytechnic University of Madrid, Spain
How Much Human Factors is Enough?
Hazel Courteney
State Safety Global, United Kingdom
Effects of Feeding Sodium Bicarbonate and Multi-Strain Probiotics on Milk Yield, Milk Composition and Dung Score of Lactating Holstein Friesian Cross Bred Cows
Alhaji Musa Abdullahi , Usman Abdullahi , Adamu Lawan , Aminu Maidala
Fedaral University Gashua , Nigeria
PROGRAM LAST UPDATED: November, 30 2021 13:48
PROGRAM GUIDELINES

1.GUIDE FOR ORAL AND e-POSTER PRESENTATIONS

We kindly ask ORAL presenters to prepare electronic presentations of 15 minutes (allowing 5 minutes for discussions) and e-POSTER presenters to prepare short electronic presentations of 5 minutes (allowing 5 minutes for discussions) (NO PRINT OUTS). A Linux-based operating system is used for both Oral and e-Poster presentations. All presenters should make a PDF file version of their presentation and upload it to the system.

2. ROLE OF THE SESSION CHAIR

The duties of the Session Chair include the following:

1. Arrive at the conference hall at least 10 minutes before the session begins. Identify the paper presenters and discussant(s) in advance, and introduce yourself. Remind each presenter of the time limits that apply, and describe the method you will use to alert them of time limits during the actual presentation.
2. At the start of the session, introduce yourself to the audience, announce the session/title, and offer a brief overview indicating how the papers are related.
3. Prior to each presentation, introduce the speaker, announce the paper’s title, the name(s) of the author(s), and provide brief comments regarding the affiliation and/or background of each presenter. Identify the individual who will be speaking if it is someone other than the first author.
4. During the presentations enforce time limits strictly so that no author (or audience member) monopolizes someone else’s time. Oral paper presentations each have 20 minutes (15 minutes for full presentation papers, 5 minutes for discussions), and 10 minutes for e-Poster (electronic poster) presentations (5 minutes for poster presentation, 5 minutes for discussions).
5. Once presentations are complete (oral paper presentations and e-Poster presentations), the remaining time can be used for informal discussion between the audience and session participants. It is your job to field questions from the audience.
6. Try to conduct the session as informally as possible (e.g., use first names when addressing participants and members of the audience) to encourage as much audience participation as possible.

3. BEST PAPER AWARDS / BEST PRESENTATION AWARDS

A 'Best Paper Award / Best Presentation Award' will be conferred on the author(s) of an abstract or a full paper presented at the conference. Selection is made based on the best combined marks of the abstract / paper review and presentation quality appraisal conducted by the Session Chair at the conference venue, and assessed by the Program Committee. Award winners will be announced after the conference. The author(s) of a selected paper/presentation will receive a signed and stamped official Best Paper Award / Best Presentation Award e-certificate.