Scholarly Integrity Remarks:

1)Authors must be ready in the meeting room at least 10 minutes prior to the start of the session. Presenters must introduce themselves to the session chair(s) and upload their Oral and ePoster presentations to the computer.

2)Authors must be able to present on any day of the conference – the program cannot be tailored around specific requests from individual authors to present on particular days.

3)The international research conference program is designed for original research contributions and presentations in all research fields. Presentations scheduled in the Oral and ePoster sessions are drawn from a selection of the peer reviewed papers from a wide range of scientific and other disciplines of inquiry.
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Purpose-Driven Collaborative Strategic Learning
Mingyan Hong, Shuozhao Hou
The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China
Poojitha Vemula
Raffles Design International, Mumbai, India
Yangyang Zhang
Sichuan University, China
Somnath Karmakar, S. Chakraverty
National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Colin Smith, Linsey S Passarella
ORNL, United States
Qiang Guo, Ruying Qi
Western Sydney University, Australia
Amani Hassan Yousef Abu Atieh
Fahad bin Sultan University, Saudi Arabia
A Pragmatic Reading of the Verb "Kana" and Its Meanings
Manal M. H. S. Najjar
University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia
Alternative Strategies to Control Income Tax Evasion: A Lab Experiment Study
Muhammad Nadeem Sarwar,Asma Hyder
Institute of Business Administration, Karachi, Pakistan
Alaa Yehia, Ayatollah Yehia, Sherif Yehia
University of British Columbia, Canada
Goulet Marie-Pier, Voyer Dominic
Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Canada
Kate L. Yusi
University of Guam, United States
The Role of Social Media in the Entrepreneurial Intention of Women in Saudi Society
Sarah Zakour
The University of Manchester, United Kingdom
Dr Elliroma Gardiner
QUT, Australia
Bi Xiao Fang, Tan Bao Zhen
Institute for Adult Learning, Singapore
Abduraheem K., Suboohi Nasrin
Aligarh Muslim University, India
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Managing Liquidity of Emerging Markets Corporate Debt
Desislava Vladimirova, Dirk Schiereck, Maximilian Stroh
Technical University of Darmstadt, Germany
P. Wongthongtham, K. Coutinho, A. MacCarthy
UNDA, Australia
Export Competitiveness of Pakistan’s Leather Sector in EU-27 and American Economies
Muhammad Shahid Maqbool, Muhammad Akbar
University of the Punjab, Pakistan
Freya Thießen, Johannes Schrumpf
Osnabrück University, Germany
Suparna Bagchi
Plymouth University, United Kingdom
The Concept of Emotional Intelligence at King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences at Saudi Arabia
Afnan Khoja, Linda Jones
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Saudi Arabia
Afnan Khoja, Ittisak Subrungruang, Kritchaya Ritruechai, Linda Jones, David Wall
King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Saudi Arabia
Robin Lok Wang Ma
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
Effect of Inter Cultural Communication Experience and Cross-Cultural Team Work Experience on the Resilience of Individual Employees
Jhalak Desai
Manchester Metropolitan University, United Kingdom
Documenting Refugee Narratives: A Critical Study of Storytelling
Haya Saboor
University of Pavia, Pakistan
The Historical Faces of Jesus: Late Antiquity
Hannah Marie Tonn
Capital University, United States
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Hossain A., Miah S., Ray P. K.
Rajshahi University, Bangladesh
Hossain A., Chowdhury S. I.
Rajshahi University, Bangladesh
Hossain A, Hossain S.
Rajshahi University, Bangladesh
Hamad Al-Turaif, Usman Saeed
King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Milad Abbasi
Iran University of Science and Technology, Iran
Omar Bouhassoun, Cristian Garrido, César Hueso
IDOM Consulting, Engineering, Architecture, Spain
Sara Martín, Ying Jie Zheng, César Hueso
IDOM Consulting, Engineering, Architecture, Spain
M. E. Velásquez Torres, F. Tzompantzi, J. C. Castillo-Rodríguez, A. G. Romero Villegas, S. Mendéz-Salazar, C. E. Santolalla-Vargas, J. Cardoso-Martínez
Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico
Glebert C. Dadol, Pamela Mae L. Ucab, Camila Flor Y. Lobarbio, Noel Peter B. Tan
University of San Carlos, Philippines
Rebecca Roca, Fabien Delhomme, Yannick Salaün, Alberto-Manuel Martin, Elodie Prud’Homme, Jostar Laforet
Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon, France
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Abdullah Bal
Yildiz Technical University, Türkiye
Solving a Micromouse Maze Using an Ant-Inspired Algorithm
Rolando Barradas, Salviano Soares, António Valente, José Alberto Lencastre
University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Portugal
A Low-cost IoT Mobile System for Monitoring Vital Signs of Elderly People
ÂNGELA KIMIE MATSUO,BIANCA AZEVEDO GUTERRES,NATHALIA DAMASCENO COLARES,OTAVIO NOGUEIRA PESSOA,ADRIANO EUSTÁQUIO SANTOS,DANIEL FRAZÃO LUIZ,CELSO BARBOSA CARVALHO,WALDIR SABINO DA SILVA JÚNIOR
Federal University of Amazonas, Brazil
Nader Safari-Shad, Russ Franklin
University of Wisconsin-Platteville, United States
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Peter Schnell, Phillip Haag
University of Stuttgart, Germany
Samah Said, Muhsin Elie Rahhal
Saint-Joseph University of Beirut (USJ), Lebanon
A Schematic Design of BIM-Based Defect Check System of Apartment Houses
Ji-Yune Soh, Junbok Lee
Kyung Hee University, Korea, South
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Ksenija Milošević, Davor Lončarević, Tihana Mudrinić, Jasmina Dostanić
University of Belgrade, Serbia
Nirmala Deenadayalu, Kwanele B. Mazibuko, Lethiwe D. Mthembu
Durban University of Technology, South Africa
Najmul Hasan, Shiping Li, Chunli Liu
Hankuk University of Foreign Studies South Korea, Korea, South
Hong Zhang
Universiy of St Andrews, China
Mohd Salim Mahtab, Izharul Haq Farooqi, Anwar Khursheed
Aligarh Muslim University, India
Carina Emminger, Umut D. Cakmak, Evrim Burkut, Rene Preuer, Ingrid Graz, Zoltan Major
Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Mustafa Karimi, Chikamoto Tomoyuki
Ritsumeikan University, Japan
Muhammad Ali, Zeeshan Afzal, Giampaolo Ferraioli, Gilda Schirinzi, Muhammad Saleem Mughal, Vito Pascazio
Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Italy
Resolving a Piping Vibration Problem by Installing Viscous Damper Supports
Carlos Herrera Sierralta, Husain M. Muslim, Meshal T. Alsaiari, Daniel Fischer
Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia
Stefan Heinrich, Tom Morris
Chemnitz University of Technology, Switzerland
Picard Groups of Certain Compact Complex Parallelizable Manifolds and Related Spaces
Pritthijit Biswas, Parameswaran Sankaran
Chennai Mathematical Institute, India
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Nan Hu, Chao Wang, Xi Li, Xuehai Zhou
ustc, China
Cassava Waste Management and Biogas Generation Potential in Ghana
Maxwell Ladogo Abilla
Czech University of Life Sciences, Czechia
Vahid Ramezankhani, Keith J. Stevenson, Stanislav. S. Fedotov
Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Iran
Kathleen Moyer, Nora Ait Boucherbil, Murtaza Zohair, Janna Eaves-Rathert, Cary Pint
Vanderbilt University, United States
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Attempts for the Synthesis of Indol-Ring Fluorinated Tryptophan Derivatives to Enhance the Activity of Antimicrobial Peptides
Anita K. Kovacs, Peter Hegyes, Zsolt Bozso, Gabor Toth
Wenzhou-Kean University, China
Tabussam Tufail, Farhan Saeed, Huma Bader Ul Ain, Sarosh Amjad
University of Lahore, Pakistan
Q. R. Cheah, Y. F. Tan
Wise R Technology Sdn Bhd, Malaysia
Anna-Caroline Lavergne-Bril, Jean-François Colin, David Peralta, Pascale Maldivi
CEA Grenoble, France
Engineering Fire Resistant Wiring Systems
Richard Hosier
R-SCC LLC, United States
Marc Polo, Núria Arbonés Arán
Blanquerna - Universitat Ramon Llull, Spain
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Mohamed Mehdi Kadri
Université Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Bilge Meral Koc, Elvan Yilmaz Akyuz, Tugce Ozlu
Bahcesehir University, Türkiye
Physiological and Morphometric Damage in Triticum durum Desf. Exposed to Triazole Fungicide
Djekoun M., Boubekeur M. S., Djekoun M.
Chadli Bendjedid University, Algeria
A. M. U. P. Kumari, Vidanapathirana. J., Amarasekara J., Karunanayaka L.
University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
Maxime Moreau, Silvère Baron, Jean-Marc Lobaccaro, Karine Charlet, Sébastien Menecier, Frédéric Perisse
Institut Pascal - Université Clermont Auvergne, France
Educational Furniture-Preliminary Study to Measure Discomfort Level Using Rapid Upper Limb Assessment
Zamzarina Ahmad, Irwan Syah Md. Yusoff, Ahmed Rithauddeen Yusoff, Rohaizahtulamni Radzlan, Mohamad Fakrol Zaini, Mohd Ridzuan Samsury, Noridah Tahir
Malaysian Timber Industry Board, Malaysia
Bradley Fevrier
Bowling Green State University, United States
Shohra Qaderi
Kateb University, Afghanistan
JANUARY 16-17, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on January 16, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on January 17, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Alireza Hassanshahi, Xanthe Strudwick, Zlatko Kopecki, Allison J Cowin
The University of South Australia, Australia
Madhavi-Priya Singh, Liam Lowe, Farouk Arnaout, Ludmilla Pillay, Giordan Perez, Luke Mischker, Steve Costa
The University of Melbourne, Australia
Rachel Koshy, Nazrila Hairizan Bt. Nasir, Samsiah Bt. Awang, Kamaliah Bt. Mohamad Noh
Ministry of Health of Malaysia, Malaysia
Mimoza Canga, Irene Malagnino, Giulia Malagnino, Alketa Qafmolla, Ruzhdie Qafmolla, Vito Antonio Malagnino
University of Vlora "Ismail Qemali", Albania
PROGRAM LAST UPDATED: August, 04 2022 16:35
PROGRAM GUIDELINES

1.GUIDE FOR ORAL AND e-POSTER PRESENTATIONS

We kindly ask ORAL presenters to prepare electronic presentations of 15 minutes (allowing 5 minutes for discussions) and e-POSTER presenters to prepare short electronic presentations of 5 minutes (allowing 5 minutes for discussions) (NO PRINT OUTS). A Linux-based operating system is used for both Oral and e-Poster presentations. All presenters should make a PDF file version of their presentation and upload it to the system.

2. ROLE OF THE SESSION CHAIR

The duties of the Session Chair include the following:

1. Arrive at the conference hall at least 10 minutes before the session begins. Identify the paper presenters and discussant(s) in advance, and introduce yourself. Remind each presenter of the time limits that apply, and describe the method you will use to alert them of time limits during the actual presentation.
2. At the start of the session, introduce yourself to the audience, announce the session/title, and offer a brief overview indicating how the papers are related.
3. Prior to each presentation, introduce the speaker, announce the paper’s title, the name(s) of the author(s), and provide brief comments regarding the affiliation and/or background of each presenter. Identify the individual who will be speaking if it is someone other than the first author.
4. During the presentations enforce time limits strictly so that no author (or audience member) monopolizes someone else’s time. Oral paper presentations each have 20 minutes (15 minutes for full presentation papers, 5 minutes for discussions), and 10 minutes for e-Poster (electronic poster) presentations (5 minutes for poster presentation, 5 minutes for discussions).
5. Once presentations are complete (oral paper presentations and e-Poster presentations), the remaining time can be used for informal discussion between the audience and session participants. It is your job to field questions from the audience.
6. Try to conduct the session as informally as possible (e.g., use first names when addressing participants and members of the audience) to encourage as much audience participation as possible.

3. BEST PAPER AWARDS / BEST PRESENTATION AWARDS

A 'Best Paper Award / Best Presentation Award' will be conferred on the author(s) of an abstract or a full paper presented at the conference. Selection is made based on the best combined marks of the abstract / paper review and presentation quality appraisal conducted by the Session Chair at the conference venue, and assessed by the Program Committee. Award winners will be announced after the conference. The author(s) of a selected paper/presentation will receive a signed and stamped official Best Paper Award / Best Presentation Award e-certificate.