Scholarly Integrity Remarks:

1)Authors must be ready in the meeting room at least 10 minutes prior to the start of the session. Presenters must introduce themselves to the session chair(s) and upload their Oral and ePoster presentations to the computer.

2)Authors must be able to present on any day of the conference – the program cannot be tailored around specific requests from individual authors to present on particular days.

3)The international research conference program is designed for original research contributions and presentations in all research fields. Presentations scheduled in the Oral and ePoster sessions are drawn from a selection of the peer reviewed papers from a wide range of scientific and other disciplines of inquiry.
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Maryam Panahiazar, Andrew M. Bishara, Yorick Chern, Roohallah Alizadehsani, Dexter Hadleye, Ramin E. Beygui
University of California San Francisco Parnassus Campus, United States
Susceptibility to Staining of Useful Aesthetic Restorative Materials in Pediatric Dentistry
Saeid Baghi, Rafat Bagheri
Shiraz University, Iran
Take and Aid from Trained Mother in Varnish Fluoride Therapy Program
Jafari A., Mahboobe Zangooei, Saeideh Aslani, Hossein Hesari
Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Elisabeth Louise Ndjengue Mindang, Charline Florence Awounfack, Derek Tantoh Ndinteh, Rui W. M. Krause, Dieudonne Njamen
University of Yaounde 1, Rhodes University, Cameroon
Sonia Butalia, Huong Luu, Alexis Guigue, Karen J. B. Martins, Khanh Vu, Scott W. Klarenbach
University of Alberta, Canada
Sonia Butalia, Huong Luu, Alexis Guigue, Karen J. B. Martins, Khanh Vu, Scott W. Klarenbach
University of Alberta, Canada
Yoseph Gela Ali
Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
Julius Adebayo John
Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Nigeria
Pediatric Emergency Dental Visits at King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital during the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Retrospective Study
Sara Alhabli, Eman Elashiry, Abdullah Almushayt, Faisal Dardeer, Ahmed Mohammad, Fajr Orri, Nada Bamashmous
King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
Eveline Muika Kabongo, Peter Delobelle, Ferdinand Mukumbang, Edward Nicol
Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Kulveer Sandhu
University of Calgary , Canada
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Adenike Adesanya, Nonthaphat Wong, Xiang-Yun Lan, Shea Ping Yip, Chien-Ling Huang
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Prakash, Vikash Kumar, Vinay Bansal, L. N. Das
Delhi Technological University, India
Application of Electrohydrodynamic Printing for Preparation of a Flexible Magnetic Structure
M. Khandaei, M. Rafienie, S. Bonakdar, L. Hao, S. A. Poursamar
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Venuste Kayinamura, V. Iyamuremye, A. Ngirabakunzi
Yemuyung Graduates University, Korea, South
Ayse Gul Bilen
Yildirim Bayezit University, Yenimahalle Education and Research Hospital, Child Abuse Center, Türkiye
Kumar Y., Suman D., Sumathi
University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi University, India
Priyanka Yadav, Umesh Bnasal, Yashvinder Kumar
Maulana Azad Medical College, India
Barry Wright, Lucy Tindall, Alex Scott, Ellen Lee, Cindy Cooper, Katie Biggs, Penny Bee, Han-I Wang, Lina Gega, Emily Hayward, Kiera Solaiman, Dawn Teare, Thompson Davis, Jon Wilson, Karina Lovell, Dean McMillan, Amy Barr, Hannah Edwards, Jennifer Lomas, Chris Turtle, Steve Parrott, Catarina Teige, Tim Chater, Rebecca Hargate, Shezhad Ali, Sarah Parkinson, Simon Gilbody, David Marshall
University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
Ceramic Surface Treatment through Laser Methods for Dental Application
Adil Othman Abdullah
Erbil Polytechnic University, Iraq
Ashan Wijekoon, Abi Beane, Subashini Jayawardana
Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
Long-Term Opioid Therapy: Efficacy and Incidence of Substance Use Disorder
Julianne MacMullen
MCPHS University, United States
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Sarah Holdren, Laura Crook, Anne Drapkin Lyerly
University of North Carolina School of Medicine, United States
The Role of the Arts in Health and Wellbeing
Madeline Collins
Gold Coast Health, Australia
Behzad Babaei, B. Gangadhara Prusty
The University of New South Wales, Australia
Miniature Dental Implant System
Omid Allan
Frankfurt University, Australia
Optimization of the Aminomethylation Process of Spruce Tannin Extracts for Optimal Coagulative Performance
Adedayo Bello, Tiina Leiviskä
University of Oulu, Finland
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Anzal Abbas Jaffari, Wajiha Javed, Naseem Salahuddin
Getz Pharma, Pakistan
Johnson C.Y. Pang, Kara K. L. Reeves, Bo Peng, Allan C. L. Fu
Caritas Institute of Higher Education, Hong Kong
Kemka C. Ihemelandu, Chukwuemeka U. Ihemelandu
Georgetown University, United States
Lily Yarney, Emmanuel M. Y. Seidu, Thomas Chireh Kuusaanu, Belinda Adzimah-Yeboah
University of Ghana Business School, Ghana
Manisha Yadav, Simran Babbar, Sarita Mohapatra, Susmita Chaudhuri
Translational Health Science and Technology Institute, India
Gold-Nanoparticle-Enriched Breast Tissue in Breast Cancer Treatment Using the Intrabeam® System: A Monte Carlo Study
Eyachew Misganew Tegaw
Debre Tabor University, Ethiopia
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Lucie Matricon, Anne Roubaud, Geert Haarlemmer, Christophe Geantet
CEA-Liten, France
Samaneh Nazemi, Ayla Bahramian, Marzieh Aghazadeh
Tabriz University of Medical Science, Iran
Suvorov Vasyl, Filipchuk Viktor
Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics of the NAMS Ukraine, Ukraine
Petr Daniel Edward Kovarik, Malcolm Jackson, Charles Kelly, Rahul Patil, Shahid Iqbal
Sunderland Royal Hospital, United Kingdom
Mehves Isiklar Ekici, Ceyda Tuna Kirsaclioglu, Zarife Kuloglu, Aydan Kansu
Ankara University, Türkiye
Johanne Myrrh E. Soriano, Rene A. Amadore Jr., Roy Raoul H. Felipe, Lovell B. Gatchalian
East Avenue Medical Center, Philippines
Elena Maria Scalisi
University of Catania, Italy
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

The Relation between Culture Teaching and the Creation of Dynamic, Cultural and Educational Behavior: The Case of Third Year Secondary School Learners, Constantine
Fatima Bahi
Hassiba Benbouali University of Chlef, Algeria
Hanieh Mohammadi, Sarah Fraser, Anil Nigam, Frederic Lesage, Louis Bherer
Polytechnic School of Montreal, Canada
Contemporary Diversities In Marriage And Sexual Relations Among The Yorubas: An Islamic Response
Sanni Mukaila Akanni
Lagos State University, Nigeria
The Unwritten Past in Doctorow’s Ragtime
Marwan Abdi
University of Duhok, Iraq
Linhan Sun
South China Normal University, China
Raziyeh Mashhadi Moghadam
Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
Franziska Kaiser, Alexander Cuntz
HEC Lausanne, Switzerland
Retired Bureaucrats on the Board of Directors: Do They Improve Firm Performance
Praveena Musunuru, Mohammad Shameem Jawedand, Kalyan Kolukuluri
Indian Institute of Management Visakhapatnam, India
Building Effective, Accountable, and Inclusive Traditional Institutions: A Theoretical Model for Traditional Leadership Participation in Agriculture Development
Ndlovu W., Mwale M., Zuwarimwe J.
University of Venda, South Africa
Economic Impacts of Immigration in Spain: Using a VAR Model
Peter Wui, Rafael de Arce Borda
University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, United States
Allyson Dale, Max Hlywa
Department of National Defence, Canada
The Implementation of Social Protection Policies in the Rural Population as an Instrument to Build Peace in the Post-Conflict of Colombia
Santiago Luna Castro
Saarland University, Germany
Public Universities Synergy in Anticipating Radicalism in Aceh
Sanusi, Maimun, Irwan Putra, Rusli Yusuf
Syiah Kuala University, Indonesia
Maria D. Gangotena
St. Francis Xavier University, Canada
Impact of Self-Efficacy on Teachers’ Organizational Commitment in High Schools
Adeniran Gregory Adewusi
University of Pretoria, South Africa
"Those People. I Do Not Want That.” Biopower, Homo Sacer and High Stakes Testing
Mario Duran
University of Texas at San Antonio, United States
Oussedik Lydia, Zaouani-Denoux Souâd
Paul Valéry University, France
The Effect of Adopting Tutoring Strategy to Catch-Up COVID-19 Pandemic Learning Loss
Hanan Aifan
Najran University, Saudi Arabia
Khaldi Youcef
University of Mostaganem, Algeria
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Farhad Shafiepour Motlagh, Narges Salehi
Islamic Azad University, Mahallat Branch, Iran
Paula Paulino, Alzira Matias, Ana Margarida Veiga Simão
Research Center for Psychological Science of the Faculty of Psychology, University of Lisbon / School of Psychology and Life Sciences, Lusófona University, Portugal
Jennifer Wallbrown
Marshall University, United States
Does Changes in Accounting Standards Affect Financial Disclosure for MFIs? The Case of MFIs in Cameroon
Fidelis Akanga
Bournemouth, United Kingdom
Toni Raurich-Marcet, Joan Llonch-Andreu
Autonomous University of Barcelona, Spain
Luyao Zhang, Tianyu Wu, Jiayi Li, Carlos-Gustavo Salas-Flores, Saad Lahrichi
Duke Kunshan University, China
Danika Pieters
University of Antwerp, Belgium
Dinamarie Fonzone
Cabrini University, United States
Ujene Ikem Godspower
Achievers University, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria, Nigeria
Nabhan H. N. Al-Harrasi
Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
The Development of Da'wah and Challenges to the Issue of Mualaf in Malaysia
Hailan Salamun, Firdaus Khairi Abdul Kadir, Nazihah Rusli
University of Malaysia, Terengganu, Malaysia
Firdaus Khairi Abdul Kadir, Nazihah Rusli, Noor Aisyah Abdul Aziz
University of Malaysia, Terengganu, Malaysia
Erik Kuravsky
Tel Aviv University, Israel
3D-Technologies in the Activities of the National Museum of Tajikistan
Mubirkhoni Muminpur
National Museum of Tajikistan, Tajikistan
Qin Long, Li Xiaoge
Xi'an University of Posts and Telecommunications, China
Li Xiaoge, Wang Chaodong
Xi 'an University of Posts and Telecommunications, China
Jiajun Wang, Xiaoge Li
Xi’an University of Posts and Telecommunications, China
Guanqiao Wang, Hongyang Yu
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China
JingWei Yu, Hong Yang Yu
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China
Man Li, Wanting Zhou, Lei Li
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China
Lianzhong Zhang, Chao Huang
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China
Xingcai Wang
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China
Rubin Dan, Xingcai Wang, Ziyang Chen
University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China
César Garza
University of Houston Downtown, United States
Hung-Yu Lin
Asia University, Taiwan
Communication – A Basic Right to Everyone: How to Protect the Right of Disabled People to Communicate about Sexuality
Fanni Kevätniemi, Henna Kekkonen
Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, Finland
Chalise Kiran
Kathmandu University, Nepal
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Fatimah AlSaiari
University of Leicester, United Kingdom
Mix Code in the Literary Work “O Ammalek” by Goenawan Monoharto
M. Arifin Zaidin, Nunung Supratmi
The Open University, Indonesia
Alcohol and Related Gender Violence: Perspectives of South African Male University Students
Shakila Singh
University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa
Vitor Carneiro, Augusto Barata Da Rocha, Barbara Rangel, Jorge Lino Alves
Faculty of Engineering of the University of Porto, Portugal
J. Lino Alves, L. Lopes
University of Porto, INEGI, Portugal
Impact of Enhanced Business Models on Technology Companies in the Pandemic: A Case Study About the Revolutionary Change in Management Styles
Murat Colak, Berkay Cakir Saridogan
Baskent University, Türkiye
Changing Human Resources Policies in Companies after COVID-19 Pandemic
Murat Çolak, Elifnaz Tanyıldızı
AGH University of Science and Technology, Türkiye
Alexander Huang
Hamilton High School, United States
The Effects of Classifying Learners and Educational Practices in Primary and Secondary Schools in Capricorn District, Limpopo Province, South Africa
Maite Elias Maebana
University of South Africa, South Africa
Liu Yi Hui
National Taichung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Setareh Yousife
Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran
Bilha Paryente, Roni Gez Langerman
Achva Academic College, Israel
Lídia Chienda, Tchilissila A. Simoes
National Scientific Investigation Centre, Angola, Angola
Maria Vueba, Tchilissila A. Simoes
National Scientific Investigation Centre, Angola, Angola
Claudia Borges Colcerniani
Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Hector Valverde Martínez
National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico
An Argument for Agile, Lean, and Hybrid Project Management in Museum Conservation Practice: A Qualitative Evaluation of the Morris Collection Conservation Project at the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts
Maria Ledinskaya
M+ Museum Limited, Hong Kong
Believe It or Not : Investigating the Impact of Spiritual Capital on Entrepreneurial Passion in Developing and Emerging Economies
Marcel Hechler
RWTH Aachen University, Germany
Mohammad Abu-Taleb
University of Southern Queensland, Australia
Self-Regulated Learning and eLearning Behaviour on Students’ Academic Performance in Mathematics, Science and Information Technology at the University of Cape Coast, Ghana
Paul Nyagorme, Kwame Takyi
University of Cape Coast, Ghana
Mingke Ma
University of Oxford, China
Yefrem Yefremov
Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan
Shamir Balderman Orit, Shamir Michal
The Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel, Israel
Collective Interests of the Chinese MeToo Social Movement
Yuhan Wang
Monash University, China
Review of Igbo People's Dual Religion Identity and Rite of Marriage
Onyeiwu Henry Okechukwu, Arfah Ab. Majid, Lee Yok Fee
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
Antonia Syn
London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), United Kingdom
Nguyen Xuan Thuy
National Assembly Delegation and People's Council, Vietnam
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Functions and Frequency of Using Code-switching in CLIL Lesson
Khatuna Buskivadze
Tbilisi State University, Georgia
Pikria Vardosanidze
Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia
R. W. A. V. A. Wijenayake, P. M. R. N. Fernando, S. Nilesh, M. D. G. M. S. Diddeniya, M. Weligodapola, P. Shamila
Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology, Sri Lanka
Ioana G. Turcan
Academy of Art and Design, Eugeniusz Geppert, Wroclaw, Poland , Poland
Ranciere's Critique of Political Philosophy: Towards a New Understanding of the Temporality of Politics
Christian Fajardo
Pontifical Xavierian University, Colombia
Shikuku Emmanuel Tsikhungu
Kenyatta University, Kenya
Yeaeun Jang
University of Jan Evangelista in Ústí nad Labem, Czechia
Reza Varmazyar
Imam Reza International University, Azad University, Iran
Saeed Ullah Jan, Shaukat Ullah
Khushal Khan Khattak University, Pakistan
Galtung and the Interplay of Direct and Structural Violence at the European Union’s Borders
Karolina Augustova
Aston University, United Kingdom
Karolína Augustovaá
Aston University, United Kingdom
Protection by a Non-state Actor, the Treatment of Refugee and Internally Displaced People in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq Does the Treatment Refugee in Kurdistan Fall within the Protection Principle
Rozh Abdulrahmna Kareem
Eötvös Loránd University, Iraq
Mobilising Peacebuilding from the Local Library: Experiences of Putumayo, Colombia
Yesid Paez
Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

FESM: Feature-Enriched Student Modeling for Dissociating Knowledge Tracing from Performance Prediction
Sein Minn
Inria, France
Flame: A Self-Adaptive Auto-Labeling System for Heterogeneous Mobile Processors
Jie Liu, Jiawen Liu, Zhen Xie, Xia Ning, Dong Li
University of California, Merced, United States
A. M. John-Otumu, M. M. Rahman, M. C. Onuoha, E. P. Ojonugwa
Morgan State University, United States
Zhifei Hu, Feng Xia
Renmin University of China, China
Emmanuel Osaze Oshoiribhor, Adetokunbo MacGregor John-Otumu
Ambrose Alli University, Nigeria
Mariia Zhuldybina, Ahmed Moulay, Mirko Torres, Mike Rozel, Ngoc-Duc Trinh, Chloé Bois
Printability and Graphic Communications Institute, Canada
Ahmed Moulay, Mariia Zhuldybina, Mirko Torres, Mike Rozel, Ngoc Duc Trinh, Chloé Bois
Institute for Graphic Communications and Printability, Canada
M. Torres, A. Moulay, M. Zhuldybina, M. Rozel, N. D. Trinh, C. Bois
Institute for Graphic Communications and Printability, Canada
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Sayed Hessam Bahmani, Rolsndo P. Orense
University of Auckland, New Zealand
Caroline Alice Rouget-Virbel, F. Dean Toste
University of California, Berkeley, United States
Felix Platzer, Eric Fimbinger
University of Leoben, Austria
A. Hossein Madadi-Najafabadi, Masoud Nasiri
Mobarakeh Steel Company, Iran
Synthesis, Anti-Inflammartory Activity of 3-Amino 5-Methoxyl-2-Methyl Quinazolin-4(3H)-one an Amino-6-Methoxyl-2-Methyl of 4H–Benzo[d] [1,3]–Oxazine–4–one
Osarumwense Peter Osarodion
Ondo State University of Science and Technology, Nigeria
Bhrigu Rishi Mishra, Sreerag Sundaram, Nithin Jo Varghese, Karthik Sasihithlu
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India
Fired Wood Metal Casting
Abdelrahman Hagmusa Idriss
بالمعاش, Sudan
How Safe Do Dutch Students Handle Their Password Security?
A. Ali, D. Avé, E. De Leeuw, T. Kester, H. Alers, R. Van Der Kleij
The Hague University of Applied Sciences, Netherlands
Kulsoom S. Bughio, Naeem K. Janjua, Gordana Dermody, Leslie F. Sikos, Shamsul Islam
Edith Cowan University, Australia
Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics Based Entrepreneurship Training within a Learning Company
Diana Mitova, K. Mitrev
South-West University "Neofit Rilski", Bulgaria
Diana Mitova, Krassimir Mitrev
South-West University "Neofit Rilski", Bulgaria
Special and General Relativity and the Relativistic Ether
Azzam Almosallami
The Science Center for Studies and Research, Switzerland
Dark Matter Subhalo Interpretations Using Machine Learning: The Fourth Fermi-LAT Catalog
Amrutaa Vibho
Federal Aviation Administration, India
Blair D. Macdonald
Independent Researcher, Sweden
Sign Projection Lamp: A Design Approach
Anju Kumari, Akhilesh V. Madathil, Lalit R. Ahuja, Vaibhav Baranwal
Varroc Engineering Ltd., India
Efficient Utilization of Negative Half Wave of Regulator Rectifier Output to Drive Class D LED Headlamp
Lalit Ahuja, Yashas Shetty, Nancy Das
Varroc Engineering Ltd., India
Filip Strzałka Urszula Markowska-Kaczmar
Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Poland
Digital Transformation in Fashion System Design: Tools and Opportunities
Margherita Tufarelli, Leonardo Giliberti, Elena Pucci
University of Florence, Italy
A Fuzzy Radiotherapy Planning Dose Distribution Model Using Interior Point Methods
Aurelio R. L. Oliveira, Jackeline del Carmen Huaccha Neyra
University of Campinas, Brazil
Mohsin Raza, Arne Bilberg, Thomas Ditlev Brunø, Ann-Louise Andersen, Filip SKärin
University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
A Novel Multi-Objective Multi-Mode Multi-Skill Mathematical Model for Time Cost and Quality Trade-off in Project Scheduling
Sina Zabihi, Nikbakhsh Javadian, Alireza Savari Choulabi, Mohammadamin Molaei aloucheh
Mazandaran University of Science and Technology, Iran
Haftu Hailu Berhe, Hailekiros Sibhato Gebremichael, Kinfe Tsegay Beyene, Haileselassie Mehari
Ethiopian institute of technology, Ethiopia
Marcel Chevalier, Léo Dupont, Sylvain Marié, Frédérique Roffet, Elena Stolyarova, William Templier, Costin Vasile
Schneider Electric, France
Y. El Khchine, M. Sriti
University Moulay Ismail of Meknes, National School of Arts and Crafts, Morocco
Maiss Razem
University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
State of Art Solutions Based on Hyperspectral Satellite Imagery
Eldrige de Melo
Satellogic, Finland
Risk-Based Prioritization Approach to Quality Control Inspection Activities on Structural Works for High-Rise Buildings in Makati City
Paulyn G. Aguada, Kirk Daniel P. Cinco, Restie Ross R. Reyes
Mapua University, Philippines
Chia-Wen Kuo
National Chengchi University, Taiwan
Drivers and Barriers of Asphalt Rubber in Sweden
Raheb Mirzanamadi, João Patrício
Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Sweden
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

J. Alvarez, J. Pimienta, R. Sarmiento
University of Atlántico, Colombia
Design Science: A Means to Optimize Understanding of Information Systems Research Theories, Approaches, and Methodologies in Addressing Information Systems Research Problems: A Scoping Review
Herbert Cherukut, Eva Mirembe, Sarah Gladys Apio, Wilson Namuwoza
Makerere University, Uganda
Noel Chellan
University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Andra Vidyarini
Prof. Dr. Hamka Muhammadiyah University, Indonesia
Surajit Das Barman, Rakibuzzaman Shah, Apurv Kumar
Federation University Australia, Australia
Employment of Cassia angustifolia Leaf Extract for Zinc Nanoparticles Fabrication and Their Antibacterial and Cytotoxicity
Jehan S. Albrahim, Jumanah S. Alosaimi, Ahoud M. Altaher, Reem N. Almulayfi, Najood F. Alharbi
Princess Nourah Bint Abdul Rahman University, Saudi Arabia
New Insights from TD-GC-MS Data on Microplastics in Salt Samples
Jan Peter Mayser, Laura Miles, Caroline Widdowson, Carlos Gil
Markes International, Germany
Evaluation of Quality of Drinking Water in Residential Houses of Kuwait by using GIS method
Huda Aljabli
Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait
Joelle Al Fakhoury, Emilio Sassine, Yassine Cherif, Joseph Dgheim, Emmanuel Antczak
Artois University, Lebanon
Glacier Lake Outburst Flood Modelling of South Chamlang Glacier Lake in Nepal
Sumit Adhikari, Sauhard Joshi, Pramod Lekhak
Department of Hydrology and Meteorology, Nepal, Nepal
Isha Rathore, Peeyush Jain, Elangovan Rajasekar
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India
Simulated of Model of Safety Cost of High Buildings based Permen PUPR No.10 Tahun 2021 to Increase Accuracy
Rosdiana Trialita
Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Cassi Henderson, Lucia Corsini, Shiv Kapila, Egle Augustaityte, Tsemaye Uwejamomere Zinzan Gurney, Aleyna Yildirim
University of Cambridge, United Kingdom
Thu Le Thi Bao
Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology, Vietnam
Building Resilience for Coastal Communities of Pudimadaka, Vishakhapatnam
Gurleen Kaur
Punjab University, India
Pacitan Bay Tourism Landscape Planning Based on Tsunami Disaster Mitigation in Pacitan District
Nadiyah Rashifah, Arfa D. N. Makalew, Alinda Fitriany Malik Zain
IPB University, Indonesia
Fadi Chammas, Saad Alkhaldi, Tariq Alghamdi, Stefano Alexandirs
Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Sandra Cecilia Muhirirwe, Bart Van Der Bruggen, Violet Kisakye
KU Leuven, Belgium
Decision Support Systems and Tools for Urban Sanitation in the era of City-Wide Inclusive Sanitation (CWIS)
Daadomonhan Marius Junior Hadeou, Harinaivo Anderson Andrianisa, Seyram K. Sossou, Maimouna Bologo/Traore, Malicki Zorom
International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering, Burkina Faso
El Hadji Mamadou Sonko, Ndiogou Sankhare, Maïmouna Lo, Jean Birane Gning, Cheikh Diop
Cheikh Anta Diop University, Senegal
Nguyen Chi Quang, Nguyen Duong Tri Nguyen
Asian Institute of Technology, Vietnam
The 4th Critical R: Conceptualising the Development of Resilience as an Addition to the 3 Rs of the Essential Education Curricula
Akhentoolove Corbin, Leta De Jonge, Charmaine De Jonge
University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados
T. Deepa, S. R. Inchara, S. V. Venkatesh, Seema Tharannum
PES University, India
Effect of Treated Grey Water on Bacterial Concrete
Deepa T., Inchara S. R., Venkatesh S. V., Seema Tharannum
PES University, India
Structural Morphogenesis "Application of Topological Optimization to the Two-Dimensional Design of a Pedestrian Bridge for the Planes Village of the Municipality of Granada, Antioquia"
Diana Marcela Gómez Rodríguez, Gustavo Adolfo Rojas Parody, Oscar Javier Begambre Carrillo
Industrial University of Santander, Colombia
Minji Seo
University of the Arts London, United Kingdom
Software for the Optimization of Normal and Extended Warranty Taking Into Account the Customers As Well as Manufacturers Criteria
Mohd Vaseem
National Institute of Fashion Technology Panchkula, India
Amal Aljohani, Ahmed Iraqi
University of Sheffield, Saudi Arabia
A. B. M. Aftabuzzaman, Md. Mahin Hossain, Md. Ifran Sharif Imthi, Md. Razu Ahmed, A. Z. M. Imran
International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh
Olivia Bory Devisme, Denis Genon-Catalot, Frederic Alicalapa, Pierre-Olivier Lucas De Peslouan, Jean-Pierre Chabriat
University of Réunion, Reunion
Mohamed Laamim, Aboubakr Benazzouz, Abdelilah Rochd, Abdellatif Ghennioui, Abderrahim El Fadili
Green Energy Park, Morocco
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Vitaly Haslavsky, Helena Vitoshkin
Azrieli College of Engineering Jerusalem, Israel
Elise M. Shauf
Texas A&M University, United States
Photograph of the Atomic Nucleus of Phosphorus and Correspondence with Quantum Nuclear Dynamics and Gravity
Edward H. Jimenez
Central University of Ecuador, Ecuador
Arcady Ponosov
Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway
Stability Margins of Telescoping-Boom Heavy-Lifting Machines
William Singhose
Georgia Institute of Technology, United States
Preparation and Characterization of Activated Carbon from Animal Bone
Getenet Aseged
Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management, Ethiopia
Tomas Vincze, Michal Micjan, Milan Pavuk, Martin Weis
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovakia
Jianli Chang, Yusheng Zhang, Yali Yao, Diane Hildebrandt, Xinying Liu
University of South Africa, South Africa
Maya Jaber
University of Wisconsin, Platteville, United States
Suzan Anwar, Utkarsh Goyal
Philander Smith College, United States
Environmental Sound Classification Using Deep Convolutional Neural Networks
Asadulla Ashurov, Behzod Mukhiddinov
Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, China
Doğan Yıldız, Aydan Müşerref Erkmen
Middle East Technical University, Türkiye
Smart Contract Size Estimation with Cosmic Function Points
Szymon Zioło, Michal Jan Gajda
Migamake Pte Ltd, Poland
Evolution of the Modern Solar Home System: Empowering a Rural School in Bangladesh with Solar
Fahad Haider, Shah Zulfiqar Haider
University of New South Wales, Australia
Jennifer A. Kowalkowski
The Pennsylvania State University, United States
Najla Kamergi
Institut Agro Dijon, CESAER, France
Medya Fathi
Manhattan College, United States
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

John M. Lyne, K. Andrea Scott
University of Waterloo, Canada
Ziraguen O. Williams, Shield B. Lin, Fouad N. Matari, Leslie J. Quiocho
Prairie View A&M University, United States
Zachary Huffman, Joana Rocha
Carleton University, Canada
Adam Y. Sulaiman, Donal F. Cotter, Ming J. Huang, Neil J. Hewitt
Ulster University, United Kingdom
Adam Y. Sulaiman, Donal F. Cotter, Ming J. Huang, Neil J. Hewitt
Ulster University, United Kingdom
Tahir Nawaz Cheema, Dumitru Baleanu, Ali Raza
University of Gujrat, Pakistan
Regge Trajectories in the Pole of Spin
Juan José Molina González
University of Murcia, Spain
John P. Ulhøi
Aarhus University, Denmark
Pedram Khazaie, Sajjad Moein
Kaveh Forging Company, Iran
Saeed Chehri, Sirvan Moradi, Amin Rostami
University of Kurdistan, Iran
Qiuhua Miao, Peng Huang, Yifei Ding
Southeast University, China
Bakhtishod Matmuratov, Sakhiba Madraximova, Rakhmat Esanov, Alimjan Matchanov
Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Khorezm Mamun Academy, Uzbekistan
Dalma Varga, Nora Hubayne H.
Szent István University, Hungary
Geographic Information System Application for Predicting Tourism Development in Gunungkidul Regency, Indonesia
Nindyo Cahyo Kresnanto, Muhamad Willdan, Wika Harisa Putri
University of Janabadra, Indonesia
Spatial Clustering Model of Vessel Trajectory to Extract Sailing Routes Based on Automatic Identification System Data
Michael Shell, John Doe, Jane Doe
Dalhousie University, Canada
Siyuan Cai
Chongqing University, China
JULY 12-13, 2022: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on July 12, 2022 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on July 13, 2022.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Adewale Oladapo, Carolyn A. Afolami
Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Nigeria
Sara Tokhi Arab, Tariq Salari, Ryozo Noguchi, Tofael Ahamed
University of Tsukuba, Japan
Kareem Kalo Qassim, Hassan A. M. Mezori
University of Duhok, College of Science, Iraq
Yusuf Ali Abdulle, Azhar Uddin Keerio
Salaam University, Somalia
Tomasz Raczyński
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Facilitating Children’s Active Participation in Local Area Planning through Primary Geography Education
Joe Usher
Dublin City University, Ireland
Konstantinos Pikos, Dimitrios Kaimaris
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
Ashfaq Ahmed Kharal
Lahore High Court, Pakistan
Obinna Emmanuel Nkomadu
Nelson Mandela University, South Africa
The Contribution of the Lomé Charter to Combating Drug Trafficking at Sea: Nigerian and South African Legal Perspective
Obinna Emmanuel Nkomadu
Nelson Mandela University, South Africa
Gündoğdu (Rize) Landslides and Its Surrounding Slope Susceptibility
Ali Yalcin, Samet Reis
Independent Researcher, Türkiye
PROGRAM LAST UPDATED: July, 01 2022 15:10
PROGRAM GUIDELINES

1.GUIDE FOR ORAL AND e-POSTER PRESENTATIONS

We kindly ask ORAL presenters to prepare electronic presentations of 15 minutes (allowing 5 minutes for discussions) and e-POSTER presenters to prepare short electronic presentations of 5 minutes (allowing 5 minutes for discussions) (NO PRINT OUTS). A Linux-based operating system is used for both Oral and e-Poster presentations. All presenters should make a PDF file version of their presentation and upload it to the system.

2. ROLE OF THE SESSION CHAIR

The duties of the Session Chair include the following:

1. Arrive at the conference hall at least 10 minutes before the session begins. Identify the paper presenters and discussant(s) in advance, and introduce yourself. Remind each presenter of the time limits that apply, and describe the method you will use to alert them of time limits during the actual presentation.
2. At the start of the session, introduce yourself to the audience, announce the session/title, and offer a brief overview indicating how the papers are related.
3. Prior to each presentation, introduce the speaker, announce the paper’s title, the name(s) of the author(s), and provide brief comments regarding the affiliation and/or background of each presenter. Identify the individual who will be speaking if it is someone other than the first author.
4. During the presentations enforce time limits strictly so that no author (or audience member) monopolizes someone else’s time. Oral paper presentations each have 20 minutes (15 minutes for full presentation papers, 5 minutes for discussions), and 10 minutes for e-Poster (electronic poster) presentations (5 minutes for poster presentation, 5 minutes for discussions).
5. Once presentations are complete (oral paper presentations and e-Poster presentations), the remaining time can be used for informal discussion between the audience and session participants. It is your job to field questions from the audience.
6. Try to conduct the session as informally as possible (e.g., use first names when addressing participants and members of the audience) to encourage as much audience participation as possible.

3. BEST PAPER AWARDS / BEST PRESENTATION AWARDS

A 'Best Paper Award / Best Presentation Award' will be conferred on the author(s) of an abstract or a full paper presented at the conference. Selection is made based on the best combined marks of the abstract / paper review and presentation quality appraisal conducted by the Session Chair at the conference venue, and assessed by the Program Committee. Award winners will be announced after the conference. The author(s) of a selected paper/presentation will receive a signed and stamped official Best Paper Award / Best Presentation Award e-certificate.