Scholarly Integrity Remarks:

1)Authors must be ready in the meeting room at least 10 minutes prior to the start of the session. Presenters must introduce themselves to the session chair(s) and upload their Oral and ePoster presentations to the computer.

2)Authors must be able to present on any day of the conference – the program cannot be tailored around specific requests from individual authors to present on particular days.

3)The international research conference program is designed for original research contributions and presentations in all research fields. Presentations scheduled in the Oral and ePoster sessions are drawn from a selection of the peer reviewed papers from a wide range of scientific and other disciplines of inquiry.
JUNE 19-20, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on June 19, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on June 20, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Walid A. Alkeridy, Arwa Aljasser, Khalid Mohammed Alayed, Saad Alsaad, Amani S. Alqahtani, Claire Ann Lim, Sultan H. Alamri, Doaa Zainhom Mekkawy, Mohammed Al-Sofiani
The University of British Columbia, Canada
Tanya Kaur Bedi, Shankha Pratim Bhattacharya
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India
JUNE 19-20, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on June 19, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on June 20, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES RESEARCH

Mark Beauchamp, Richard Pyne
Sheridan College, Canada
Comparative Effects of Systemic Administration of Levofloxacin and Cephalexin on Fracture Healing in Rats
Shayan Golestani, Arash Golestaneh, Atousa Aminzadeh Gohari
Islamic Azad University Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Iran
Profile of Tubercular Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Northern India
Jyoti Chaudhary, Divjot Chawla, Veenu Gupta, Akashdeep Singh
Dayanand Medical College & Hospital, India
Hannah Bigelow, Marcus D. Gottlieb, Michelle Ogrodnik, Jeffrey, D. Graham, Barbara Fenesi
Western University, Canada
Alexis Winfield, Carly Sugar, Barbara Fenesi
Western University, Canada
Temesgen Sidamo, Prakruti S. Rao, Eleni Akllilu, Workineh Shibeshi, Yumi Park, Yong-Soon Cho, Jae-Gook Shin, Scott K. Heysell, Stellah G. Mpagama, Ephrem Engidawork
Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia
JUNE 19-20, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on June 19, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on June 20, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Nyamela M. ‘Masekhohola, Khanare P. Fumane
University of Free State, Lesotho
Deepak Jugran, Rajesh Gill
Panjab University, India
Varinder Kaur Gambhir, Neema Gupta, Sonal Tickoo Chaudhuri
BBC Media Action, India
JUNE 19-20, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on June 19, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on June 20, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Ruti Bardenstein Assia Ammash
Tel-Aviv University, Israel
R. W. C. Devindi, S. M. Buddika Harshanath
Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology, Sri Lanka
Júlio Cesar de Souza Dória
SEEDUC, Slovenia
Zannad Hédia, Zouaghi Sondes, Beji-Becheur Amina
NEOMA Business School - Campus Rouen, France
Sultan Altikriti
Emmanuel College, United States
Dyah Adi Sriwahyuni, Stephen Fox, Stella Ladi
Queen Mary University of London, United Kingdom
Phyo Kyaw Kyaw
King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Burma
JUNE 19-20, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on June 19, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on June 20, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Creating Culturally Competent Teachers by Providing Teach Abroad Preservice Experiences
Sherie Klee
Grand Valley State University, United States
Pál Iván Szontagh
Karoli Gaspar University, Hungary
Eyal Boers
Tel Aviv University, Israel
Vitalijus Leibenka
Military Academy of Lithuania, Lithuania
Annamarija Paula
Rīga Stradiņš University, Latvia
JUNE 19-20, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on June 19, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on June 20, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Analysis of the Effect of Instructional Based Learning Cyclic Quadrilateral Theorems on the Development of Learners’ Spatial Skills and Geometric Thinking
Godfred Amevor, Ragendren Govender
University of Zululand, South Africa
COVID-19 and the Lived Experiencce of Child Welfare Workers in a Western Canadian Province
Heather M Boynton, Patricia Samson, Julie Mann Johnson, Anna Perry, Jo-Ann Vis, David Nicholas, Lorena Koenig, Benedicta Asante, Sheibani Patel, Michael Frisby
University of Calgary, Canada
Children’s Voices on Their Understandings and Experiences of Spirituality
Heather M Boynton, Indrani Margolin, Emma DeVynck, Christie Mellan, Anastasia Russell, Megan Flynn, Sheibani Patel
University of Calgary, Canada
Reginald Chikere Keke
Admiralty University of Nigeria, Nigeria
LaShawnda N. Fields, Valandra
University of Arkansas, United States
Economic impact of CSR on Perceived Financial performance in Petroleum organization
Zubair Ahmad
Libera Università 'Mediterranean, Italy
JUNE 19-20, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on June 19, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on June 20, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Feasibility Study of Energy Production From Small Archimedes Turbines on the Coast of Bandar Abbas and Calculation of Efficiency Optimization Parameters by Linear Programming
Majid Zarezadeh
Iran National Standards Organization, Iran
Soheil Roumi, Fan Zhang, Rodney Stewart
Griffith University, Australia
JUNE 19-20, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on June 19, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on June 20, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Retrospective Planning Comparison Study to Evaluate Benefit of SpaceOAR Hydrogel in Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy Treatment of Prostate Cancer Patients with Hip Prostheses
Isabelle Marie Gagne, Kate Scarth, Abraham Alexander
BC Cancer - Victoria, Canada
T. R. Sreeram, S. Natarajan, C. Jena
Independent Researcher, India
Mohammad Fereidoonnezhad, Seán Leen, Stephen Nash, Patrick McGarry
National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
B. E. Tarazona-Romero, J. G. Ascanio-Villabona, O. Lengerke-Perez, A. D. Rincon-Quintero, C. L. Sandoval-Rodriguez
Unidades Tecnológicas de Santander, Colombia
Miguel Arlenzo Duran Sarmiento, Luis Alfonso Del Portillo Valdés, Carlos Borras Pinilla
Technological Units of Santander, Colombia
Javier Ascanio Villabona, Brayan Eduardo Tarazona Romero, Camilo Leonardo Sandoval Rodriguez, Arly Dario Rincon, Omar Lengerke Perez
Unidades Tecnologicas de Santander, Colombia
JUNE 19-20, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on June 19, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on June 20, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

JUNE 19-20, 2023: DIGITAL PROGRAM

DAY 1: VIRTUAL MEETING
The digital presentation session will start at 12 p.m. (midday) on June 19, 2023 London local time. The link to join the virtual conference will be available for registered delegates 10 minutes before the session at https://waset.org/profile/messages.

DAY 2: PERTINENT READING
Digital program consists of an e-book of relevant studies to download for future reading on June 20, 2023.

Digital Program consists of the e-proceedings book which is available online-only and includes the conference communications (proceedings abstracts and papers). Registered participants can access the digitally available conference proceedings ( and certificates ) by visiting their profile pages.


ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES RESEARCH

Hudson Akewe
University of Lagos, Nigeria
GROUND MOVEMENT OPTIMIZATION OF SOIL NAILING CONSTRUCTION
Fereshteh Akbari,Farrokh Jalali Mosalam,Ali Hedayatifar,Amirreza Aminjavaheri
K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Iran
Mary Anthony Oguike, Ilouno, Amaduruonye
Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria, Nigeria
Zakir Hossain, Saddam Hossain
Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh
PROGRAM LAST UPDATED: August, 12 2022 17:27
PROGRAM GUIDELINES

1.GUIDE FOR ORAL AND e-POSTER PRESENTATIONS

We kindly ask ORAL presenters to prepare electronic presentations of 15 minutes (allowing 5 minutes for discussions) and e-POSTER presenters to prepare short electronic presentations of 5 minutes (allowing 5 minutes for discussions) (NO PRINT OUTS). A Linux-based operating system is used for both Oral and e-Poster presentations. All presenters should make a PDF file version of their presentation and upload it to the system.

2. ROLE OF THE SESSION CHAIR

The duties of the Session Chair include the following:

1. Arrive at the conference hall at least 10 minutes before the session begins. Identify the paper presenters and discussant(s) in advance, and introduce yourself. Remind each presenter of the time limits that apply, and describe the method you will use to alert them of time limits during the actual presentation.
2. At the start of the session, introduce yourself to the audience, announce the session/title, and offer a brief overview indicating how the papers are related.
3. Prior to each presentation, introduce the speaker, announce the paper’s title, the name(s) of the author(s), and provide brief comments regarding the affiliation and/or background of each presenter. Identify the individual who will be speaking if it is someone other than the first author.
4. During the presentations enforce time limits strictly so that no author (or audience member) monopolizes someone else’s time. Oral paper presentations each have 20 minutes (15 minutes for full presentation papers, 5 minutes for discussions), and 10 minutes for e-Poster (electronic poster) presentations (5 minutes for poster presentation, 5 minutes for discussions).
5. Once presentations are complete (oral paper presentations and e-Poster presentations), the remaining time can be used for informal discussion between the audience and session participants. It is your job to field questions from the audience.
6. Try to conduct the session as informally as possible (e.g., use first names when addressing participants and members of the audience) to encourage as much audience participation as possible.

3. BEST PAPER AWARDS / BEST PRESENTATION AWARDS

A 'Best Paper Award / Best Presentation Award' will be conferred on the author(s) of an abstract or a full paper presented at the conference. Selection is made based on the best combined marks of the abstract / paper review and presentation quality appraisal conducted by the Session Chair at the conference venue, and assessed by the Program Committee. Award winners will be announced after the conference. The author(s) of a selected paper/presentation will receive a signed and stamped official Best Paper Award / Best Presentation Award e-certificate.