Open Science Research Excellence

Prof. Dr. Sonia Lyra


ICHTHYS Instituto de Psicologia Analítica


Analytical Psychology

Research Fields

Active Imagination




The Active Imagination Technique for Bruxism Treatment
The research purpose was to evaluate the effect of Active Imagination Technique (AIT) for bruxism treatment. This project was approved by the Ethics Committee on Human Research (CAAE: 05619512.9.0000.0109). Twenty-one volunteers using interocclusal splint completed the study. Initially they filled in a questionnaire about their condition, composed of objective questions on signs and symptoms. Following they were underwent asingle session of AIT. After 15 days, the volunteers met again the same initial questionnaire. The results were compared and showed that the vast majority had pain symptoms, difficulty opening the mouth, pain when chewing, reduced, some of the participants abandoned the interocclusal splint during the evaluate period. It is concluded that the technique can be used in bruxism treatment. Results seem to be promising and demonstrates the need of highlighting Active Imagination Technique since it points a possibility of bruxism cure and that is unprecedented.
Active Imagination, bruxism, orofacial pain, treatment


Active Imagination: The Effective Factor in the Practice of Psychotherapy
Our desire for unequivocal clarity is understandable, but we would then forget that things of the soul are experiential processes, that are, transformations, which should never be designated unilaterally if we do not want to transform what moves, living, into something static. Among the so-called things of the soul are especially spontaneous fantasies, which emerge during the processes, which result from the use of the active imagination technique, for when fantasy is not forced, violated, and subjugated by an illegitimate, intellectually preconceived idea, then it is a legitimate and authentic product of the unconscious mind. This is how one can gain access to unadulterated information about everything that transcends the conscious mind. However, it is vital to discern between ego and non-ego, because this principle will result in a release of energy and a renewal of life, which will come to have meaning. This study will deal with the active imagination as a knowledge that depends on the individual experience of the therapist because the patient will be taken just to reach where the unconscious of the therapist was assimilated to his own conscience. In this way, the therapist becomes the method itself, being his personality, a fundamental part of an effective factor.